THE TEACHING OF PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN GEOGRAPHY . AT THE SENIOR SCHOOL LEVEL By SAMUEL K. ASIAMAH [email protected] INTRODUCTION.
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The performance of students in Geography at the WAEC examinations is yet to reach an acceptable level. In examinations, it is possible to score very high marks in Human Geography. This is achievable only when candidates provide certain words and facts, which examiners look out for.
This paper is aimed at bringing out the easiness of teaching the subject and making students acquire the intricacies in analysing geographical issues and answering questions in Human Geography.
At the WASSCE level, the major topics under the Principles of Human Geography are as follows:
Questions are set on Definitions, Causes, Effects and Solutions.
1. Definitions of some concepts such as population census, Population explosion, Overpopulation, population density, birth rate, fertility rate, natural increase.
In teaching, emphasis should be placed on some keywords which should be in the definition.
Eg. Population explosion is the rapiddoubling of the total population of an area.
The following factors should be considered:
High birth rate/High fertility rate, low death rate, Early marriages, Inadequate family planning practices, improvement in medical facilities, improvement in hygiene and sanitation, desire for large families, immigration.
If the question demands of the causes in the whole world, it should be noted that immigration is not a factor. This is a common mistake candidates make.
In giving solutions to the problems, let students state each problem and its solution.
This should be treated under the following:
Note the problems in Tropical Africa may be different from those in the developed countries.
Drawing of Maps in Human Geography
Locating features on the Map: Symbols are used to locate the features on maps.
The following points should be used: