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PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING. A presentation prepared by Dr. Jim Kauffman University of South Carolina Aiken for teacher candidates in AEDF 321. WHAT IS EFFECTIVE TEACHING?.

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## PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING

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**PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING**A presentation prepared by Dr. Jim Kauffman University of South Carolina Aiken for teacher candidates in AEDF 321 Principles for Effective Teaching**WHAT IS EFFECTIVE TEACHING?**• IF YOU COULD HIRE A TEACHER FOR YOUR CHILD OR FOR YOUR BEST FRIEND’S CHILD, WHAT CHARACTERISTICS WOULD YOU LOOK FOR? Principles for Effective Teaching**WHAT IS EFFECTIVE TEACHING?**• IF YOU COULD HIRE A TEACHER FOR YOUR CHILD OR FOR YOUR BEST FRIEND’S CHILD, WHAT CHARACTERISTICS WOULD YOU LOOK FOR? • WRITE THESE DOWN • SHARE YOUR LIST WITH A NEIGHBOR Principles for Effective Teaching**WHAT IS EFFECTIVE TEACHING?**• IF YOU COULD HIRE A TEACHER FOR YOUR CHILD OR FOR YOUR BEST FRIEND’S CHILD, WHAT CHARACTERISTICS WOULD YOU LOOK FOR? • WRITE THESE DOWN Principles for Effective Teaching**WHAT IS TEACHING?**• SHARE YOUR DEFINITION IN YOUR CLUSTER Principles for Effective Teaching**THE PET TEACHING DEFINITION**• TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, WILL INCREASE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE. • Madeline Hunter (Modified) Principles for Effective Teaching**TEACHING DEFINITION**• TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS… Principles for Effective Teaching**TEACHING DEFINITION**• TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, • MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, Principles for Effective Teaching**TEACHING DEFINITION**• TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, • THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, Principles for Effective Teaching**TEACHING DEFINITION**• TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, • WILL INCREASE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE. Principles for Effective Teaching**TEACHING DEFINITION**• TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, WILL INCREASE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE. • Madeline Hunter (Modified) Principles for Effective Teaching**EFFECTIVE TEACHING DEFINITION**• EFFECTIVE TEACHING IS A CONSCIOUS STREAM OF GOOD DECISIONS, MADE BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHICH, WILL INSURE THE PROBABILITY THAT LEARNING WILL TAKE PLACE AND KNOWLEDGE WILL RETAINED. • Madeline Hunter (Modified) Principles for Effective Teaching**THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE**TEACHING. 1. TO PROVIDE THE “TOOLS” NECESSARY TO MAKE THE BEST POSSIBLE DECISIONS WHICH WILL ENHANCE THE LEARNING AND RETENTION POTENTIAL OF YOUR STUDENTS. Principles for Effective Teaching**THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE**TEACHING. 2. TO CONFIRM EFFECTIVE TEACHING BEHAVIOR THAT WAS PREVIOUSLY PERFORMED INTUITIVELY. Principles for Effective Teaching**THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE**TEACHING. 3. TO IMPROVE YOUR INSTRUCTIONAL, PLANNING, AND DECISION-MAKING REGARDING TEACHING CONTENT AND STRATEGIES. Principles for Effective Teaching**THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE**TEACHING. 4. TO IMPROVE STUDENT TIME-ON-TASK AND REDUCE CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS Principles for Effective Teaching**THE PURPOSES OF EXAMINING THE PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE**TEACHING. 5. TO IMPROVE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN TEACHERS THROUGH THE USE OF COMMON TERMINOLOGY. Principles for Effective Teaching**TOTAL TEACHING ACT**Principles for Effective Teaching**TOTAL TEACHING ACT**• 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE Principles for Effective Teaching**TOTAL TEACHING ACT**• 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE • 2. CREATING FOCUS Principles for Effective Teaching**TOTAL TEACHING ACT**• 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE • 2. CREATING FOCUS • 3. TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE Principles for Effective Teaching**TOTAL TEACHING ACT**• 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE • 2. CREATING FOCUS • 3. TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE • 4. REINFORCING FOCUS Principles for Effective Teaching**TOTAL TEACHING ACT**• 1. SELECTING THE OBJECTIVE • 2. CREATING FOCUS • 3. TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE • 4. REINFORCING FOCUS • 5. REFLECTING ON WHAT WORKED AND WHAT DIDN’T Principles for Effective Teaching**CREATING FOCUSTHE ANTICIPATORY SET**1. GIVE A “STATEMENT OF LEARNING” 2. INVOLVING THE LEARNERS 3. RELATING THE LEARNING TO THE STUDENTS EXPERIENCES (PAST PRESENT AND FUTURE) Principles for Effective Teaching**AT HEART OF WHAT WE DO IS TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE(T 2 O)**Principles for Effective Teaching**WHAT DO WE MEAN, TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE?**Principles for Effective Teaching**WHAT DO WE MEAN, TEACHING TO THE OBJECTIVE?**PUTTING IN PLACE A SERIES OF SPECIFIC ACTIONS A TEACHER CAN TAKE, THAT WILL ENHANCE THE LEARNING OF STUDENTS. Principles for Effective Teaching**THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T2O**1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING 2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING 3. TYPES OF ACTIVITIES 4. WAYS OF RESPONDING Principles for Effective Teaching**THE FIRST ELEMENT OF T 2 0 IS EXPLANATION**1. CONTENT 2. DEFINITIONS 3. EXAMPLES 4. MODELING 5. PROCESS Principles for Effective Teaching**THE FIRST ELEMENT OF T 2 0 IS EXPLANATION**EXPLANATION IS GIVING THE LEARNER THE INFORMATION NEEDED IN ORDER TO REACH THE OBJECTIVE Principles for Effective Teaching**THERE ARE FIVEELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE FIRST IS...**1. CONTENT CONTENT IS INFORMATION WHICH ADDS MEANING AND PURPOSE TO THE EXPLANATION. Principles for Effective Teaching**THERE ARE FIVEELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE SECOND IS...**2. DEFINITION PRESENTING THE MEANINGS OF ANY NEW WORDS, TERMS, SYMBOLS, OR SIGNS RELEVANT TO THE NEW LEARNING. Principles for Effective Teaching**THERE ARE FIVEELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE THIRD IS...**3. EXAMPLE AN EXAMPLE IS REPRESENTATIVE OF A GROUP AS A WHOLE; SERVES AS A PATTERN OF A SPECIFIC KIND; OR A CASE OR SITUATION SERVING AS A MODEL. Principles for Effective Teaching**THERE ARE FIVEELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE FOURTH IS...**4. MODELING PERFORMING AN ACTION TO BE COPIED Principles for Effective Teaching**THERE ARE FIVE ELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION. THE FIFTH IS...**5. PROCESS DEMONSTRATING STEP BY STEP PROCEDURES Principles for Effective Teaching**THE FIVE ELEMENTS OF EXPLANATION**1. EXPLANATION 2. DEFINITION 3. EXAMPLES 4. MODELING 5. PROCESS Principles for Effective Teaching**THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T2O**1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING 2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING 3. TYPES OF ACTIVITIES 4. WAYS OF RESPONDING Principles for Effective Teaching**THE TWO METHODS OF QUESTIONING**1. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE INDIVIDUAL 2. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE CLASS Principles for Effective Teaching**QUESTIONING**QUESTIONS SERVE TO CHECK UNDERSTANDING AND OBTAINING ACTIVE PARTICIPATION OF STUDENTS. Principles for Effective Teaching**THE SECOND ELEMENTOF T 2 0 IS QUESTIONING**Principles for Effective Teaching**METHODS OF QUESTIONING**1. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE INDIVIDUAL 2. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE CLASS Principles for Effective Teaching**METHODS OF QUESTIONING**1. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE INDIVIDUAL Principles for Effective Teaching**METHODS OF QUESTIONING**2. QUESTIONS DIRECTED TO THE CLASS Principles for Effective Teaching**THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T2O**1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING 2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING 3. TYPES OF ACTIVITIES 4. WAYS OF RESPONDING Principles for Effective Teaching**THE THIRD ELEMENT OF T 2 0 IS ACTIVITY**Principles for Effective Teaching**TYPES OF ACTIVITIES**GUIDED ACTIVITIES GROUP ACTIVITIES ACTIVITY CONTINUM Principles for Effective Teaching**TYPES OF ACTIVITIES**GUIDED ACTIVITIES Principles for Effective Teaching**TYPES OF ACTIVITIES**GUIDED ACTIVITIES GROUP ACTIVITIES Principles for Effective Teaching**ACTIVITY CONTINUUM**TEACHER STUDENT STUDENT TEACHER + STUDENT Principles for Effective Teaching**THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF T2O**1. WAYS OF EXPLAINING 2. METHODS OF QUESTIONING 3. TYPES OF ACTIVITIES 4. WAYS OF RESPONDING Principles for Effective Teaching

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