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ROME

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  1. ROME Chapter 6, Section 1

  2. KWL Time!!

  3. Heard these??? • “When in Rome, do as the Romans.” Sometimes people will just say, “When in Rome!” • “Rome was not built in a day.” • “All roads lead to Rome.”

  4. Romulus and Remus

  5. Raised by Wolves • Romulus and Remus

  6. Romulus and Remus

  7. Myths and Legends - The Founding of Rome - YouTube

  8. Rome’s Founding • 753 BCE • By the Latins-Indo-European tribe-1000s BCE

  9. Map It!!! • Mediterranean Sea • Adriatic Sea • Tyrrhenian Sea • Ionian Sea • Alps • Rome • Sicily • Milan • Naples • Venice • Florence • Apennine Mountains • Mt. Vesuvius • Pompeii • Tiber River • Po River • Arno River • Carthage (in Africa!)

  10. How did geography help? • Look at Italy on page 162

  11. Latin Kings • Beginning-Latin kings ruled • 616 BCE- Etruscans enter

  12. Etruscans • Heavily influenced by the Greeks! • Called themselves the Rasenna, the Greeks called them Tyrrhenioi; the Romans called them the Etruscans. • Let’s look at their influence on Rome!

  13. Etruscans prt 1 - YouTube

  14. Etruscans

  15. Activity Time!!! • See page 164 • 6 groups

  16. Homework • Create a map of Italy • Mark each location on your list • Second, read and complete Section 1 sheets.

  17. You will have a quiz Thursday over the material covered Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. • You will have a map quiz Friday.

  18. Outline • I. Etruscans-finish activity • II. Rome Becomes a Republic • Founding of Republic • Structure of Govt • Patricians • Plebeians • Checks and Balances • III. Republic Expands • Military Might 1. Organization of army a. legion b. maniple

  19. c. centuries -centurions d. standard bearers e. legionary f. training g. auxiliaries B. Conquest of Italy C. Sicily 1. Carthage a. Punic Wars -Hannibal -Scipio D. Greece

  20. Finish Etruscans Activity

  21. Rome becomes a Republic • 509 BCE-Romans are fed up!!! • They start a republic!!! • What the heck is that????

  22. What’d you learn??? • So what’d you learn in your reading???

  23. Patricians and Plebeians • Patricians-who were they?? • aristocratic families-controlled everything w/ a patronage system

  24. Patricians and Plebeians • Plebeians-who were they?? • Common people • But they did have some power!

  25. Plebeians • Who made up the army??? • Example-494 BCE-see page 165

  26. Plebeian Council • Their own assembly! • What was its job?? See page 165 • How did the plebeians guarantee their rights???-pg 165

  27. Twelve Tables • 450 BCE • Twelve Tables displayed in the Roman Forum • What’s the Roman Forum?

  28. Why does it matter…. • If the laws were displayed???

  29. 12 Tables • Let’s look on page 165 at some of the laws. • What one law attempted to preserve the patricians’ special status????

  30. Congratulations! It’s a republic!! Republican Government….let’s see what that is

  31. Republican Government • Constitution • 3 parts: • 1. Senate • 2. Popular Assemblies • 3. Magistrates • Let’s explain these…..see page 166

  32. Graphic Organizer • See page 166

  33. The Roman Forum

  34. What did they do at the Forum?

  35. It wasn’t all about the city! • What did your reading say was the most noble work??? • Illustrated in the story of Cincinnatus….. • What happened in that story??

  36. The Republic Expands • THE ROMAN ARMY-MILITARY MIGHT! • Let’s look at the Roman army!

  37. How was the Roman Army organised? • Main part of the army was the LEGION • Made up of 5000 men under the command of the LEGATE

  38. The Roman Military Machine - YouTube

  39. Maniple • Roman military formation

  40. Organization of Roman Army • The legion divided into ten cohorts • Each cohort was made up of six centuries • The centuries were commanded by a centurion • Centuries originally had 100 men