DO NOW • Hand in your homework • Write down homework (Study guide is on my website)
Debate Over the Constitution EQ: What were the controversies over the ratification of the Constitution?
The NEW Constitution • Provided a stronger central government • A contract between the people and the government • The Framers clearly divided and specified the powers of the government • Was the supreme law of the land
The NEW Constitution • Adopted the idea of federalism: sharing power between the federal and the state government • Powers of the federal government: collect taxes, regulate trade, control the currency, raise an army, declare war and create laws that were “necessary and proper” • Power of the state government: regulate trade within their borders, establish local governments and schools, and set marriage laws • Powers that were shared: set taxes and criminal justice
The Big Issue • After the Constitution was approved by the convention, it then needed to be ratified by the people. • Not everyone wanted to approve the Constitution because they felt it lacked specific details
The Federalists • Supported the Constitution • Believed in a strong central government • Believed the Constitution would give the federal government the power to fix the problems America was currently facing • Thought it did enough to support the rights of the individual person
The Anti-Federalists • Opposed the Constitution • Feared a strong central government would take away the liberties and freedoms Americans fought for in the Revolutionary War. • Wanted a local government controlled by the people.
SHEG ARTICLE Benchmark: Write arguments focused on discipline-specific (U.S. History) content. a. Introduce claim(s) about a topic or issue Benchmark: Write arguments focused on discipline-specific (U.S. History) content. b. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of the topic or text, using credible sources.
EXIT SLIP • Explain the argument over ratifying the Constitution for either the Federalists OR Anti-Federalists. Is this group’s argument convincing? Why or why not?