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Indus River Valley (Ancient India Civilization)
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  1. *10 Questions* Honors World Geography Sarah Gunter, Meg Chastain, Tyesha Turner, AlliCuller and BeccaPostoll Indus River Valley(Ancient India Civilization)

  2. What is the Caste System? Social Structure

  3. Caste System • How people in India are classified. • After death, and into resurrection, one can rise, lower or stay within the same class based on how you lived your previous life • People are born into one of five categories, the Brahmins (highest class), Kshatriynas, Vaisyas, Shudras, and the Untouchables (lowest social class) • The system also includes 3,000 sub-castes and 90,000 local groups Social Structure

  4. These four classes are called Varnas • Brahmanas= scholars/priests • Kshatriyas= kings/warriors • Vaishyas= artisans/merchants • Shudras= peasants/workers • Untouchables are outcasts that have been added over time. Social Structure

  5. Dharma is maintaining the social structure of India. The cosmic and godly peace and structure of the world revolves around the humans keeping such order. Karma states “that one reaps what one sows.” Any and all actions and Indian commits will affect their future in one way or another. Social Structure

  6. What is the Caste System? A: The Caste System in India is how people are classified and it is believed that one can change their situation based on how they lead their previous life. Social Structure

  7. What are the local kingdoms in the Indus River Civilization? Political and Rulers

  8. The Aryans •Left almost no archaeological record •Thought to have come from the Caspian and Aral Sea areas •Elders passed down the history from generation to generation •Developed the Caste system Political and Rulers The Mauryan Empire •Named after Chandragupta Maurya who gained power in the Ganges Valley but with his army soon conquered much of northern India in 321 BC •His descendants moved southward, dominating the Deccan Plateau. •Set up an efficient bureaucracy and a strong state government •The rulers were harsh •Was around from 321 to 185 BC Aryan immigration to Indus River Valley Chandragupta Maurya

  9. What are the local kingdoms in the Indus River Civilization? A:The Aryans and the Mauryan Empire Political and Rulers

  10. What religion is practiced in the Indus River Civilization? Religion and Faith Vishnu Shiva

  11. •Haven’t found a written language, but artifacts have been found such as tablets and figurines, to suggest that there was an early development of the religion Hinduism •Is based on the worship of nature and the many gods/goddesses associated with it •A polytheistic religion; believes in more than one God/Goddess •Many animals worshiped such as the bull •The cow to this day is still considered scared in the Indus area and other Hindu nations Religion and Faith

  12. The Hindu Trinity is made up of: Brahman (Brahma), Vishnu, Shiva •Brahman is the creator, making a Goddess out of himself to create the world and produce human race •Vishnu is the preserver and protector of the world, said to have 4 attributes (weapons) •Shiva is the destroyer of the world, responsible for destruction and death •They believe in a reincarnation •Reincarnation is a life after death based on your karma, a human or animal after life Religion and Faith

  13. What religion is practiced in the Indus River Civilization? A:The Polytheistic religion Hinduism is mainly practiced around the Indus River Civilization. Religion and Faith

  14. What forms of technology did the Indus River Valley people use? Technology

  15. Technology

  16. What forms of technology did the Indus River Valley people use? A:Irrigation systems, agricultural technology, cultivation, boats and tools. Technology

  17. How did the Indus River Valley people create their economy and with who? Economy and Trade

  18. The people of the Indus River Valley used the surrounding river to their advantage. Irrigation ditches provided a healthy environment for plants and animals. They also traded with surrounding area, as well with far away countries. Archaeologists have found items including gold from southern India, copper from Afghanistan, jade like fuchsite probably from southern India, and turquoise from Iran. This was most likely done through boats, using the river for transportation. This also provides information that the economy of this civilization was highly dependent on trade. Economy and Trade

  19. How did the Indus River Valley people create their economy and with who? A: They traded with local areas as well as foreign countries. Items such as gold, copper and other valuables from other regions world of have been found on dig sites of this ancient civilizations Economy and Trade

  20. What were the names of the two writings that the Indus River Valley people created? Writing System

  21. Writing system Sanskrit Vedas

  22. What were the names of the two writings that the Indus River Valley people created? A: Sanskrit and Vedas Writing System

  23. What was the use of the Great Bath? City Structure and Architecture

  24. City Structure and Architecture

  25. What was the use of the Great Bath? A:It was used for religious ceremonies and purification purposes. City Structure and Architecture

  26. What are the 4 sub laws within the Hindi law? Law Codes and Legal System

  27. The people of the Indus River Valley believed in Karma. The idea of Karma was to make you a better person. There are 4 sub laws of the law of Hindi -Universal Law- You are part of nature and everything is part of you -Social Law- The duties, occupations and responsibilities that everyone fulfills -Human Law- The evolution of the mind, body, and soul -Personal Law- The karma and how it effects the person in the afterlife Law Codes and Legal System

  28. What are the 4 sub laws within the Hindi law? A:Universal Law, Social Law, Human Law, and Personal Law Law Codes and Legal System

  29. What are the main present day countries the ancient civilization of the Indus River Valley make up? General Geography

  30. 1.25 million kilometers Stretches across present day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Afghanistan Indus River is the 21st longest river in the world General Geography

  31. What are the main present day countries the ancient civilization of the Indus River Valley make up? A: Pakistan, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan General Geography

  32. What was the purpose of dowries? Role of Women

  33. Role of Women

  34. What was the purpose of dowries? A: To repay the future husband for marrying their daughter. It was considered a big trouble for the men to marry their daughter. Role of Women

  35. Military

  36. "INDUS RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATION, THE ARYANS, AND THE MAURYAN EMPIRE." INDUS RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATION, THE ARYANS, AND THE MAURYAN EMPIRE. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. "REINCARNATION IN HINDUISM." REINCARNATION IN HINDUISM. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2013. "Shiva, Brahman, v." Hindu God : (Shiv). N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2013. "World Religions." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2013 Works Cited

  37. Works Cited

  38. Works Cited

  39. "Google Images." Google Images. 13 Jan. 2013 <http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1>. "Hinduism." Sacred-Texts:. 13 Jan. 2013 <http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/index.htm>. "INDUS RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATION." Indus River Valley Civilization. 13 Jan. 2013 <http://www.rivervalleycivilizations.com/indus.php>. "Varna - The Caste System." - Indian Mythology. 13 Jan. 2013 <http://www.apamnapat.com/entities/Varna.html>. "The Vedas." The Vedas. 13 Jan. 2013 <http://go.webassistant.com/wa/upload/users/u1000057/sites/overviews/index.lhtml>. Works Cited

  40. "Caste system." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com. 13 Jan. 2013 <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/caste system?s=t>. "DISCOVER SANSKRIT." Discover Sanskrit. 13 Jan. 2013 <http://sanskrit.farfromreal.com/index.php?x=hist_orig>. "ECONOMICS OF THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION." ECONOMICS OF THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION. 13 Jan. 2013 <http://www.csuchico.edu/~cheinz/syllabi/asst001/fall97/2chd.htm>. Works Cited

  41. •"8b. The Caste System." The Caste System [ushistory.org]. 11 Jan. 2013 <http://www.ushistory.org/civ/8b.asp>. •"Ancient Aryans." Reference.com. 13 Jan. 2013 <http://www.reference.com/motif/history/ancient-aryans>. •"Aryan (people)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. 13 Jan. 2013 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/37468/Aryan>. Works Cited

  42. Works Cited