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PIA 2528 PowerPoint Presentation

PIA 2528

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PIA 2528

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  1. PIA 2528 Intergovernmental Relationships

  2. Self-Study Plans • Must be week by week, beginning at week one and going through the end of the semester • There must be at least one reading on a functional area (Governance, Local Government or Civil Society) and one on your geographical region • Grade for the plan and for the semester will reward those that commit to and do the most work and have a high level of oral and written “product.”

  3. Oral Interview Questions: End of Semester 1. What major historical factors appear to have defined Governance, Local Government and Civil Society according to our "general reading.“ 2. What historical factors are unique and different for Africa, Middle East, Eastern Europe, Asia and Latin America? 3.To what extent is history important at the "country" level? Be able to discuss at least one country in your region.

  4. Intergovernmental Relationships The Nature of Relationships

  5. Overview: Historical Patterns of Relations • AT ISSUE - Location of ultimate power and Responsibility • Definition of Power: • The authoritative allocation of values

  6. TYPES OF INTER-GOVERNMENTAL AND INTER-ORGANIZATIONAL RELATIONS Confederation and loose con-federal relationships

  7. Confederation Relationships Power lies with the sub-units • U.S. Articles of Confederation • European Union • Southern African Development Council • Economic Council of West African States • ASEAN • Mercursor

  8. Federal Systems In Federal Relationship • Some power lies with the National Unit • Some power lies with lower units

  9. Federal Systems Key Distinction: 1. Lower units cannot break away from the National Unit 2. National Units cannot take power away from the lower units 3. Divided Sovereignty

  10. Federal Relationships Examples: • Canada • Germany - Federal Republic • Nigeria • India • Russian Federation • Austria • Switzerland • USA

  11. Unitary Systems and Sub-regional units • All power ultimately lies at the national level • What power the local level has, is given to it by the national level • The power that the national unit has given to the local level can also be taken away from it

  12. Unitary Systems- Examples • United Kingdom • France • Hungary • Kenya • Japan • South Africa? (Unitary or Quasi-Federal) • Bolivia • China? • Palestine? • Indonesia • Sweden

  13. Subsidiarity: European Union Term • Subsidiarity is the idea that matters should be handled by the smallest (or, the lowest) competent government authority possible. • It is presently best known as a fundamental principle of European Union Law. According to this principle, the EU may only act (i.e. make laws) where member states agree that action of individual countries (or local governments) is insufficient. • Subsidiarity has become a principle of public sector reform

  14. Subsidiarity: Summary • Concept: Transfer of authority to a lower level of government • Primary Unit of Government: Lowest level that carries a bureaucracy with it • Alternative Social Service Delivery Systems

  15. Models of Subsidiarity • Devolution: Federal or Unitary (Political) • Deconcentration (Administrative) • Delegation (Special Unit- PAT) • Privatization (Contracting Out) • Program and Project Deconcentration: Agency Principal)

  16. Intergovernmental Relationships Basic Assumptions

  17. Federalism Concept: Can Transfer additional authority back to the sub-units but not take power away from the federated governments (Provinces, states)

  18. Devolution • Transfer to a non-Federal political body e.g. Budget and personal authority to district and town councils Key- power lies with lower level politicians

  19. Deconcentration: Transfer of authority to administrators at lower level within the administrative system

  20. Deconcentration: Review • Functional vs. Prefectoral • Prefectoral integrated • Prefectoral unintegrated

  21. Control Systems: Review Functional Home Affairs Local Govt. Public Works Agriculture Education Labor Council Public Works Office District Ag. Office District Ed. Office District Labor Office

  22. Control Systems Prefectoral - Integrated Interior Local Govt. Public Works Agriculture Education Labor District Office District Ag. Office District Ed. Office District Labor Office Public Works Office Council/Chief

  23. Control Systems: Review Prefectoral - Unintegrated Interior Local Govt. Public Works Agriculture Education Labor Police District Office Police Council/ Chief Public Works Office District Ag. Office District Ed. Office District Labor Office

  24. Delegation • Transfer of authority to a statutory body such as Public Corporations or parastatals • Eg. AMTRAK

  25. Privatization • Transfer function out of government sector

  26. Program andProject Decentralization: 1. Sectoral - By regular line or agency within a Ministry • E.g. Focused activity - seed production (Green Revolution) • Agricultural experiments

  27. Program andProject Decentralization: 2. Deconcentration or Devolution of authority to central level special unit E.g. Water, health or education projects to subordinate administrative or structures (Education Service) PAT (Port Authority Transport) Buses

  28. Program andProject Decentralization: 3. Inter-Ministerial Committees or Units • Planning supervision • Overlapping memberships, e.g. Land Use Planning

  29. Program andProject Decentralization: 4.Creation of field level Special Project Units with semi- autonomous status (Special designated geographical areas)

  30. Program andProject Decentralization: Project Decent. • E.g. A Range management project; or • Integrated Rural Development - Most well known type of special project • Multitude of project activity in different sectors that may overlap or compliment.

  31. Regional Discussion: Review • Democracy • Governance • Local Government • Civil Society • Institutional State

  32. Case Studies: The Institutional Legacy- Geographical Themes 1. Africa: Dark Continent and Europe: Lord Hailey 2. Eastern Europe: Balkan Ghosts 3. Asia: Villagization and Collectivism 4. Latin America: Iberian Heritage (or US) 5. Middle East: Ottoman Legacy vs. Europe- Fisk

  33. DISCUSSION ISSUES AND CONCERNS Democracy: Writers and Themes

  34. Case Studies • Isabel Allende, “Clarisa,” • Case Study: China and “The Peddler” • Dr. Veraswami (Burmese Days): • "Why is it you are always abusing the pukka sahibs as you call them. They are the salt of the earth. Consider the great administrators who have made British India what it is.” • Case Study: Burma

  35. Discussion Discussion One: What is unique about each part of the world as seen from our authors? Discussion Two: Limited Government- What is it? Discussion Three: Command Economy?

  36. Discussion: Case Studies • Isabel Allende, “Clarisa,” • Case Study: The Peddler • Dr. Veraswami (Burmese Days): • "Why is it you are always abusing the pukka sahibs as you call them. They are the salt of the earth. Consider the great administrators who have made British India what it is.” • Case Study: Burma

  37. Discussion • “Balkan Ghosts” • Compare with Africa and the Middle East Readings