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Asthma. By: Nabeeha Ahmed Brittney Socop Megan Gomez Katherine Hernandez Team Baylor, Period 1. History of Asthma. Asthma had been recognized in Ancient Egypt in the 1870s

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By: Nabeeha AhmedBrittney SocopMegan GomezKatherine Hernandez

Team Baylor, Period 1

history of asthma
History of Asthma
  • Asthma had been recognized in Ancient Egypt in the 1870s
  • It has been recognized by a Greek man named Hippocrates, and realized it’s a disease related to respiration (which in Greek, Asthma means wind/air).
  • The archeologists found over 700 remedies of Asthma made by Egyptians.
  • Centuries ago, the most common solution for Asthma was inhaling a special mix of specific herbs that reduced lung inflammation.
symptoms of asthma
Symptoms of Asthma
  • There are several symptoms as to indicating Asthma:
    • Wheezing when breathing
    • Coughing uncontrollably at night or in the morning
    • Having a tight chest
    • Shorter breaths
    • Allergies
  • Factors that cause Asthma symptoms to occur:
    • Allergies from dust, pollen, grass, animal fur etc.
    • Smoke, air pollution, chemicals, sprays etc.
    • Some specific medicines, foods, and drinks
    • Physical activity
  • Symptoms of Asthma attacks
    • Excessive wheezing
    • Uncontrollable coughing
    • Rapid breathing
    • Chest pain/ tight neck and chest
    • Sweatiness
    • Blue lips and nails
  • Asthma is determined depending on your case, the severity, and depth.
  • 72% of men and 86% of women with Asthma tend to have 15 years of symptoms.
  • 19% of people who have Asthma live their lives having to see their doctor frequently, while 32% live with medication.
  • Asthma is not a disease as to where it has a proper treatment to fully heal.
  • Symptoms trigger that you may have Asthma. (Wheezing, shortened breathing, allergies, and etc.)
  • Simply, the doctor can give you a diagnostic test to see if you have Asthma. There are various types of tests given, two are:
    • Physical Exam- the doctor will analyze your breathing and determine if you have Asthma or allergies.
    • Lung Function Test- the doctor will do a test called, “Spirometry” to measure your breathing in and out. Then you are put on medication, and again retested to get a final report to see if you have Asthma.
how asthma affects the cells
How Asthma Affects the Cells
  • Asthma affects and damages the cell (during attacks) by having no air reach them.
  • When no air/oxygen can reach the cells various things occur:
    • When brain cells can’t get oxygen, it affects the nervous system. In three to six minutes without air reaching the brain, it loses a huge amount of brain cells, because the most a human brain can go without oxygen is three minutes.
    • When oxygen cannot reach the body cells, lactic acid will start to form in the tissues. This can result to serious cramps and/or heart attacks.
what organelle does asthma affect and how
What Organelle Does Asthma Affect and How?
  • Asthma is a disease that affects the lungs.
  • The lungs contain a tube that take air in and out of the lungs to the nose or mouth, this tubes’ name is called Bronchiole(s).
  • During an Asthma attack, the Bronchioles swell up, causing air to be trapped and no longer letting any air in or out. This causes wheezing too, due to the lack of air reaching the lungs. When Bronchioles swell up, it causes Bronchiole inflammation and tighter lungs.
  • The Bronchiole inflammation also causes the flow of mucus to build up.
how does asthma spread genetics and environment
How Does Asthma Spread, Genetics, and Environment.
  • Asthma isn’t a contagious disease, it cannot be spread to one another. It is spread in the human body by cells.
  • Asthma could be received by genetics, maybe someone in your family, like your mother or father, may have it. So it may be passed on to their future generation by bloodline.
  • Environments have affects on people who have Asthma. Depending on where are you are, you may have different symptoms. Being outside could result in grass or pollen giving you symptoms.
  • Prevention is basically about avoiding factors that trigger symptoms of Asthma.
  • Avoid the following to prevent Asthma:
    • Dust
    • Pollen
    • Animal fur
    • Polluted air
    • Smoking etc.
    • Also, take regular provided medication subscripted by your doctor.
  • Asthma has no actual solution to cure the disease, but there are ways to reduce it:
    • Inhaler- a tube that is used when short breathing occurs. When using it, you push the top of the inhaler and swallow the medicated oxygen coming out of it. This frees the lungs and helps you breathe.
    • Nebulizer- this is similar to an inhaler but is used with mask, has medicine induced mist instead of oxygen, and is used by younger children and elderly.
    • Other Pills- to keep Asthma in control and the chance of Asthma attacks low, people take pills such as the Prednisone Pill.