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Asthma. Carolina Koncz , Neha Milind , Ahmed Osman. What is asthma? . Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. Origin: the term asthma comes from the Greek verb “ aazein ” meaning to pant.
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Asthma Carolina Koncz, NehaMilind, Ahmed Osman
What is asthma? • Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. • Origin: the term asthma comes from the Greek verb “aazein” meaning to pant. • Scientists are not sure of cause but, most of the time it is hereditary.
When did asthma start? • Asthma was known to be around when the Egyptians were alive. • Asthma is also known hundreds of years ago, China people gave other people asthma herbs containing ephedrine to help them breathe.
Signs and Symptoms • Examples: -recurring period of wheezing -chest tightness -shortness of breath -coughing. • As soon as you feel an attack coming, you must treat it immediately. • Factors: -Parents who have had asthma -children with respiratory infections.
Triggers • Perfumes and hair sprays • Woodsmoke • Chemical fumes • Cleaning agents (such as phenyl) • Cigarette smoke • Strong odor while cooking, particularly frying • Atmospheric pollution • Plant pollen • Household dust • Molds • Cockroaches • Animal fur or skin
Diagnosis • Many tests can be given to diagnose your asthma. • Lung function test -use test called spirometry to check how your lungs are working. It measures how much air you breathe in and out. • Bronchoprovocation-test to see how sensitive your airways are to different things.
Treatment • Two types of treatment: -Long term control: help reduce airway inflammation and prevent symptoms. -Quick relief: “rescue” relieve symptoms that may flare up. • Pill form (short term) and Inhaler (long term)
Roles of: • Diet- Dieting will not help you with your asthma, unless you avoid the foods that trigger your attacks. • Exercise- Exercise can sometimes trigger the attack. • Medicine- decreases symptoms and prevents inflammation
Statistics • Asthma affects more than 20 million adults in the United States. • Asthma is the most common cause of hospitalization for children under the age of 15. • It is estimated that 80% of asthma deaths could be prevented with proper asthma education.
Bibliography • "How Is Asthma Diagnosed?" National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Web. 02 Sept. 2011. <http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/asthma/diagnosis.html>. • "Asthma History - Through the Ages." Medical News Today: Health News. Web. 02 Sept. 2011. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/asthma/asthma-history.php>. • "Google Images." Google. Web. 02 Sept. 2011. <http://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en>. • "Asthma Statistics." AchooAllergy.com Making You Healthier and Happier Through Allergy Relief. Web. 02 Sept. 2011. <http://www.achooallergy.com/asthma-statistics.asp>.