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Sustainability, Social Movements & Democracy: The Case of the Anti-Nuclear Power Movement. Table of Contents. The anti-nuclear power movement in Germany Jusos and the nuclear power question The SPD and the nuclear power question Conclusions. The anti-nuclear power movement in Germany.

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Sustainability,

Social Movements & Democracy:The Case of the Anti-Nuclear Power Movement


Table of Contents

  • The anti-nuclear power movement in Germany

  • Jusos and the nuclear power question

  • The SPD and the nuclear power question

  • Conclusions


The anti-nuclear power movement in Germany

  • Anti-nuclear power movement = ecological social movement whose originis date back to the early 1970s

  • Network of local, regional and national initiatives and organisations united in their rejection of the use of nuclear power and its consequences

  • relatively diverse

  • strongly organized in local contexts in particulary affected regions (e.g. nuclear waste depots)

  • Support by national NGOs, e.g. Greenpeace, BUND, IPPNW

  • Tradionally close ties to the Green Party


The anti-nuclear power movement in Germany

The Case against Nuclear Power

  • Nuclear Power is highly risky and threatens the population's safety

  • There is not one single nuclear waste disposal site in the whole world

  • The use of Nuclear Power leads to a concentration of wealth and power in the energy sector

  • Nuclear Power slows down the expansion of renewable energy sources

  • Nuclear Powers resource base uranium is not renewable and its exploitation is hazardous

  • Nuclear Power creates no jobs in opposite to renewables


The anti-nuclear power movement in Germany

2009/10 Mass Demonstration against nuclear comeback

1979/80 Mass Demonstrations

1986 Tshernobyl

2000 „Nuclear Consensus“

1994 1st Nuclear Waste Transport


Jusos and the nuclear power question: history

  • „Double Strategy“ ensured involvement in social movement debates

  • Closer ties to anti-nuclear power movement

  • Mid 1970s: Jusos claim to stop expanding the use of nuclear power (moratorium)

  • Later (1980s) Anti-Nuclear Power Resolution:

    • Exit strategy: absolish nuclear power

    • Shut down nuclear power plants

    • Stop exporting nuclear technology


Jusos and the nuclear power question: today

Policies

  • Renewables and highly efficient fossil fuels instead of nuclear power

  • Nuclear Power is not a renewable energy source, it does not contribute to the prevention of climate change

  • Early industrialized countries are to carry the main burden of emission reduction

  • network campaigns against nuclear power

    • Large-scale and local manifestations

    • Leaflets, Videos, Information



The SPD and the nuclear power question

The SPD and the nuclear power question

The SPD and the nuclear power question: history

Original nuclear power policy

  • Traditional labour movement faith in technical progress as a way of emancipation

  • Mid 1970s: SPD-led Schmidt government sticks to Nuclear Power despite growing dicontent

  • 1977 Compromise: no extension, no exit (moratorium) until question of nuclear waste disposal is solved


The SPD and the nuclear power question: history

Change in Position in the mid 1980s

  • Growing influence of social movements and the green movement

  • influence of parts of the party, e.g. Jusos, grew in opposition after 1982

  • Historical situation revealing hazards (Tshernobyl accident 1986)

  • By the end of the 1980s SPD deciced that the use of nuclear power should cease


Conclusion

  • Social Movements can play an important role in bringing forward issues in the political agenda

  • Youth movements are potentially important to bridge the gap between social movement activists and party politics

  • Parties ignoring important issues coming up via social movements might face a rupture of the party