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Paisley Canal ‘Low Cost’ Electrification
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  1. Paisley Canal‘Low Cost’ Electrification Young Railway Professional Competition 2012 Brian Sweeney, Asset Engineer (Electrification), Network Rail Scotland

  2. Overview • Introduction • Overview of Paisley Canal Electrification scheme • ‘Innovative thinking’ to make scheme affordable • Staged plan for delivery • Managing electrical safety through design • Innovation Challenges still to meet • Summary & Conclusions

  3. ProjectOverview

  4. Paisley Canal Line Non-Electrified Section (8.8km)

  5. Devolution Challenge - Why Electrify? • Operated by 3 ‘trapped’ cl156 DMUs as surrounding areas electrified • Timetable does not work with DMU stock – 17,000 delay minutes per year, only 16% of trains right time • Route already 33% electrified, only 8.8 additional STK of OLE required • No additional HV switchgear needed • “Quick Win” for Scotland’s Railway as existing DMU stock can be re-allocated elsewhere in Scotland to meet demand • Paisley Canal service can be operated with better diagramming of existing cl314 & cl380 EMU fleets

  6. Electrification Challenges • 12 Overbridges on route - 9 require work to achieve Special Reduced Clearances • 3 bridges adjacent to station platforms – track lower drives full platform reconstruction • GRIP 2 desktop study estimate £20-£28m • Works out at (worst case) £3.2m per STK of OLE • Innovative thinking required to reduce scheme cost to a sustainable level - BCR is only positive below £12.2m

  7. Electrification Challenges - Freight • Route cleared to W7 for freight traffic to/from Hawkhead Oil terminal • Route not been used for W7 traffic since 1994 • FOC aspiration for future use in medium term • No new freight paths available from 0530 to 2330 Mon-Sat • Electrification scheme needs to cater for future freight use – NR have made this commitment as part of Network Change Process

  8. Bare minimum amount of works required to electrify the route for use by half-hourly Scotrail EMU service Maintaining capability for freight traffic to/from Hawkhead Accommodating non-multiple EMUs only – i.e. 4-car Class 380, 3-car 314, 318, 320, 334 stock Extending to Elderslie, re-doubling the line or making passive provision for either of these options Renewing any existing assets not associated with works Adding additional signalling, capacity, or increasing line speed Extending platforms for 6 car sets Adjusting existing 2m wide platforms (unless major works taking place – e.g. Hawkhead) Project Scope What the project is doing What the project is not doing

  9. All ScotRail EMU (314,318,320,334,380) Class 314 W6a / W7 263mm Clear 624mm Clear 419mm Clear 150mm Track Lower for Special Reduced No work forNormal Clearance No work for Special Reduced Clearance Gauging Live OLE around a train…

  10. 135mm saving 4.165m 4.03m Reduced Gauge Profile (‘E2’) Power On Power Off

  11. Bespoke Gauge Electrification • Clear for vehicles of 3870mm and under when the OLE is live • Clear for ANY UK Load Gauge (W7) vehicle when the power is off • Number of bridges needing work drops from 9 to 5 • Extended neutral section placed under one bridge to avoid work • Track lowers of 50-158mm under remaining 4 bridges • Number of station platforms to be rebuilt drops from 3 to 1 - Hawkhead

  12. “Political” Background “A £28m scheme for £12m” • “Trail Blazer” project that meets many requirements outlined in the McNulty ‘Rail value for Money’ • High profile support – scheme is poster child for “alliancing” • CEO highlighted project specifically during evidence to Transport Select Committee • D&B Contract awarded to Babcock Rail in June 2012 to electrify by Dec 2012 timetable change…!

  13. December 2012 delivery? Stage 1: Electrification for Scotrail EMU only • Route electrified with a wire height of 4030mm • Restriction in the sectional appendix saying only vehicles with profile lower than 3870mm (i.e. Scotrail EMU) can use the route • ‘Out of gauge’ Freight / Engineering trains can still access route under possession and isolation – procedure in place to manage • Energised on 19th November for driver training! Stage 2: The ‘Innovative’ Stuff!! • Stage 1 only acceptable to FOCs as an interim measure - a quick, remotely operable, and safe way of switching the power off to allow ‘out of gauge’ trains to access the route has to be developed • Desirable by Dec 2012, but safety case may not be in place

  14. Stage 1…

  15. Work in Progress… Kirow / MOVAX

  16. Work in Progress… Hawkhead Station

  17. Monday 19/11/12 – 10.08 GLC-PCN

  18. Managing Electrical Safety

  19. Low Wire Heights and EN50122… EU Standard Case (3.5m) UK Special Case (2.75m)

  20. Man with umbrella…

  21. Add some Scottish weather…

  22. Suggested New “Enhanced” UK Case

  23. Stage 2…

  24. Never been done on UK railway Will require interface between Electrical Controller, Driver and Signaller to manage Challenge is to develop a simple system that can control risk ALARP rather than spend a fortune on something that will rarely be used Heavily linked with on-going National Isolation review ORR would like to see more use of Remote Earthing facilities ‘Safe limit’ of 60V for working on the OLE will be much less than that required for train use… Talked about for years - a few challenges still to be overcome Paisley Canal Innovation Challenges Challenge 1 Challenge 2 Develop a method of working to allow one type of train to operate with the power on, and another with the power off Develop a suitable ‘Alternative Earthing System’ to switch off the power before an ‘out of gauge’ train uses the route WORK IN PROGRESS!

  25. Option 1 – 314 & 380 Only Have been told not acceptable! Option 2 – 2 Men with poles Labour intensive, Costs£86k per year if used 3nights per week Option 3 – Remote Earthing with operational procedure only Relies solely on human judgement Prefer engineering controls to eliminate risk Option 4 - Slotting with signalling Expensive – would be cheaper demolishing all the bridges! Option 5 - Tagging System Eliminates the most risk, but expensive and overkill given low number of trains Option 6 - Remote Earthing with Freight ‘Authority Key’ Driver stops at noticeboard and obtains Castell key from OLE system as authority to proceed Possible options…

  26. Likelihood of Single Fatality • Initial (draft) assessment using fairly conservative assumptions • Biggest risk is a dewirement at Corkerhill station, causing wire toflail and leading to fatality of person in proximity • Risk to train driver less than numbers above (enclosed in Faraday Cage)

  27. What it might look like…

  28. Summary

  29. Overview of Paisley Canal Electrification scheme ‘Innovative thinking’ to make scheme affordable Scheme cost engineeredfrom £28m to £12m Managing electrical safety through design Staged plan for delivery: Basics before Dec 2012 Innovation after Dec 2012 Two areas of innovation Novel Operational Method: ALARP solution proposed Remote OLE Earthing System: Paisley Canal is ideal opportunity to develop concept Whole life costs of an earthing system need to be factored in Transferable benefits - cost savings for electrification on rural and secondary routes Not East Kilbride though… Summary

  30. ScotRail EMU to East Kilbride…

  31. Thank You!