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Suez Canal PowerPoint Presentation

Suez Canal

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Suez Canal

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  1. Suez Canal Authority 1859 1869 1882 1914 1940 1954 1956 1975 1980 1994 1996 2002 2008 Suez Canal Figures & Photos

  2. Suez Canal Authority SC in the History • 1887 BC Canal of the Pharos - Sesostris ( Senusret III ) • 1310 BC Canal of the Pharos - ( Seti I ) • 610 BC Canal of the Pharos - ( Necho ) • 510 BC Canal of the Persians - ( King Darius ) • 285 BC Canal of the Ptolemans - ( Ptolemy II ) • 117 AD Canal of the Romans - ( Trajan ) • 640 AD Canal of Arab ـ ( Emir El-Mo’ meneen ) Linking the two seas through the Nile branches Canal of Sesostris

  3. Suez Canal Authority Days to Remember • 17/11/1869 Inauguration of the Suez Canal • 26/7/1956 Nationalization of the Suez Canal • 15/9/1956Withdrawal of foreign pilots • 29/10/1956Closure of the Suez Canal ( 1956 War ) • 10/4/1957Reopening the Canal following the Suez War • 5/6/1967Closure of the Canal ( 1967 War ) • 6/10/1973October War • 5/6/1975Reopening the Canal after October War • 16/12/1980The Canal Development Project ( First Stage )

  4. Suez Canal Authority Digging of the SC (1) • First Concession Agreement - 30 November 1854 • Founding the Suez Canal Company -15 December 1858 • Start of digging - 27 April 1859 • End of digging works - 12 August 1869 Digging and sand removal works First digging works

  5. Suez Canal Authority Digging of the SC (2) Volume of excavation 74 million cubic meters of sand Digging Costs 369 million French Francs ( 14 million Egyptian Pounds ) Digging Costs 369 million French Francs ( 14 million Egyptian Pounds ) Digging works at Ismailia Peoples worked in the digging 1.5 million Peoples lost their lives 120,000 Laborers during the digging works

  6. Suez Canal Authority Stages of Digging (1)-18 March 1862 Mediterranean waters had flowed into Lake Timsah (2)- 18 March 1869 Mediterranean waters had reached the Bitter Lakes (3)- 15 August 1869 Red Sea waters had reached the small Bitter Lakes (4)- 18 August 1869 The two seas had been linked (1) (2) (4) (3)

  7. Suez Canal Authority SC Inauguration Ceremony Opening Ceremony in Egypt (1) 17 November 1869 Ceremony’s attendances 6000 Dignitaries Ceremony’s Cost LE 2 million Main Stage for high-ranking Dignitaries Dinner banquet in Ismailia

  8. Suez Canal Authority SC Inauguration Ceremony Opening Ceremony in Egypt (2) Hundreds of tents, a luxurious palace, an opera house and more than 77 vessels & boats on Lake Timsah were at the disposal of the honored guests

  9. Suez Canal Authority SC Inauguration Ceremony Opening Ceremony in Egypt (3) State delegates who attended the Ceremony Guests of the Inauguration Ceremony

  10. Suez Canal Authority Development of the Waterway

  11. Suez Canal Authority Night traffic started on 1st March 1887

  12. Suez Canal Authority Convention of Constantinople 19 October 1888 ( Guaranteed Right of Passage of all Ships through the SC ) It was signed by Great Britain, Germany, Austro-Hungary, Spain, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Russia, and Turkey

  13. Suez Canal Authority Personsin the History of SC Before the Digging of the Present Canal The Pharaoh (Senusret III) 610 BC Persian King (Darius) 510 BC Roman King (Trajan) 117 AD Ptolemy II 285 BC

  14. Suez Canal Authority Personsin the History of SC During the Digging of the Present Canal Said Pasha, Viceroy of Egypt (1863-1854) De Lesseps (1805-1894) Khedive Ismail (1863-1879)

  15. Suez Canal Authority Egypt’s Rulers & Kings before 1952 Viceroy Said ( 1854 – 1863 ) Khedive Ismail ( 1863 – 1879 ) Khedive Tewfiq ( 1879 – 1892 ) Khedive Abbas Helmi II ( 1892 – 1914 ) Sultan Hussain Kamel ( 1914 – 1917 ) King Fouad I ( 1917 – 1936 ) King Farouk I ( 1936 – 1952 )

  16. Suez Canal Authority Egypt’s Presidents after 1952 Mohammed Naguib ( 1952 – 1954 ) Gamal Abdel Nasser ( 1954 – 1970 ) Anwar Al-Sadat ( 1970 – 1981 ) Hosni Mubarak ( 1981 – 2011)

  17. Suez Canal Authority SC Chairmen ( Before the Nationalization of the SC - 26 July 1956 ) De Lesseps ( 1855 – 1894 ) Jules Guichard ( 1894 – 1896 ) Prince Auguste-Louis-Albéric( 1896 – 1913 ) François Chales -Roux ) 1948 - 1956 ) Louis de Vogüé ( 1927 – 1948 ) Charles Jonnart ) 1913 – 1927 )

  18. Suez Canal Authority SC Chairmen ( After the Nationalization of the SC - 26 July 1956 ) Dr. Helmi Bahgat Badawy ( 1956 – 1957 ) Eng. Mashhour A. Mashhour ( 1965 – 1983 ) Eng. Mahmoud Younis ( 1957 – 1965 ) Admiral Ahmed Fadel ( 1996 – Present ) Eng. M. Ezzat Adel ( 1984 –1995 )

  19. Suez Canal Authority Doubled Parts of the SC 1)- Port-Said Bypass ( 27 km - Dug in 1980 ) 2)- Ballah Bypass ( 10 km - Dug in 1955 ) 3)- Timsah Bypass ( 4 km - Dug in 1980 ) 4)- Difresoir & kabreet Bypass ( 27 km - Dug in 1980 )

  20. Suez Canal Authority Events and Wars (1)- British Occupation of Egypt 13 September 1882 • Tel El-Kebir battle was the beginning of the British occupation of Egypt which lasted for 72 years • Orabi deceived by the promise of De Lesseps that the canal not be used for war purpose, had opposed the idea of closing the canal to protect Egypt against British Occupation Tal El-Kebir Battle

  21. Suez Canal Authority Events and Wars (2)- War 1956 29 October 1956 The Israeli attack 31 October 1956 The British / French attack 1 November 1956 Interruption of the navigation 23 December 1956 Egypt retrieved Port Said ( Victory Day ) SC remained under Egypt’s stewardship for99 days from it’s nationalization to the closure due to the war

  22. Suez Canal Authority Events and Wars (3)- War 1967 World economy sustained a loss of US$ 7 Billion SC was closed for 8 years ( 5 June 1967 to 5 June 1975 ) Suez Canal Authority building in Port Said

  23. Suez Canal Authority Events and Wars (4)- War 1973 Egyptian soldiers overrun the ramparts along the Canal Egyptian flag hoisted on Bar Lev fortified line

  24. Suez Canal Authority Second re-opening of SC ( 5 June 1975 ) A note commemorating the re-opening occasion Re-opening ceremony in Port-Said

  25. Suez Canal Authority Dates of SC closures • 5 Days In August 1882 during the British aggression on Egypt • 76 Days During the world war II • 4 Days ( 31/12/1954 - 4/1/1955 ) - Tanker’s collision with Ferdan bridge • 159 Days ( 2/11/1956 - 10/4/1957 ) - The tripartite aggression on Egypt • 8 Years ( 5/6/1967 - 4/6/1975 ) - Following the 1967 war • 3 Days ( 7/11/2005 - 9/11/2005 ) - when a vessel grounded at km 62

  26. Suez Canal Authority Traffic Statistics

  27. Suez Canal Authority Saving in Distance via SC Rotterdam Via Cape 11 169 mile Via SC 6 436 mile Ras Tanura

  28. Suez Canal Authority Traffic System • Three convoys / day ( 2 Southbound & 1 Northbound ) • Pilotage is compulsory in the Canal ( 4 Pilots are assigned for each ship throughout its trip in the Canal ) • Permissible speed is 13 - 14 km / hr • Time interval between vessels is 10-16 min or 2 - 3 km • Average transit time is 12 - 15 hrs N2 N1 S

  29. Thanks