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Past Participles Regular. Essential Grammar #90. Definition. In both Spanish and English, past participles can come in quite handy. Not only can they be used as parts of verbs (and not just for speaking about the past), they can also be used to create adjectives. . Definition.

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past participles regular

Past Participles Regular

Essential Grammar #90

definition
Definition

In both Spanish and English, past participles can come in quite handy.

Not only can they be used as parts of verbs (and not just for speaking about the past), they can also be used to create adjectives.

definition3
Definition
  • The past participles in the two languages have similar origins, so they are not only similar in function, but also vaguely similar in the way they are formed.
  • In English, the past participle for regular verbs is formed by adding "-ed" to the end.
past participles
Past Participles

They have different uses:

1. When used with haber, past participles do not show agreement!

past participles5
Past Participles

2. When used with passive voice, past participles how agreement with subject.

past participles6
Past Participles

3. When past participles are used as adjectives, they agree in number and gender with the noun they modify.

how to make the past participle
How to make the past participle

In Spanish, the past participle for regular verbs is formed by…

  • adding -ado to the stem of -ar verbs;
  • adding -ido to the stem of –er / -ir verbs.

* When –ido, is preceded by a vowel other than u, add an accent to –ído.

practice
fumar

salir

ganar

comer

vivir

venir

ser

aprender

probar

leer

oír

mirar

acostar

crecer

Practice

Make the following infinitives into past participles.

slide9

Practice

Make the following infinitives into past participles.

  • fumado
  • salido
  • ganado
  • comido
  • vivido
  • venido
  • sido
  • aprendido
  • probado
  • leído *
  • oído *
  • mirado
  • acostado
  • crecido