Past Participles used as adjectives - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Past Participles used as adjectives

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  1. Past Participles used as adjectives

  2. Past Participles • Both Spanish and English have past participles. • The past participles of English verbs often end in –ed (to turn > turned), but many are also irregular (to buy > bought; to drive > driven).

  3. In Spanish, regular –ar verbs form the past participle with –ado. • Regular –er and –ir verbs form the past participle with –ido. INFINITIVESTEMPAST PARTICIPLE bailar bail- bailado comer com- comido vivir viv- vivido

  4. ¡ATENCIÓN! • The past participles of –er and –ir verbs whose stems end in –a, –e, or –o carry a written accent mark on the i of the –ido ending. caer caído creer creído leer leído oír oído reír reído sonreír sonreído traer traído

  5. Irregular past participles

  6. In Spanish, as in English, past participles can be used as adjectives. They are often used with the verb estar to describe a condition or state that results from an action. Like other Spanish adjectives, they must agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify. En la entrada hay algunos letrerosescritosen español. In the entrance, there are some signs written in Spanish. Tenemos la mesapuestay la cena hecha. We have the table set and dinner made. La joyeríaestá cerrada. The jewelry store is closed. El cheque ya está firmado. The check is already signed.

  7. ¡INTÉNTALO!Indica la forma correcta del participio pasado de estos verbos. 1. comer_____ 9. anunciar _____ 2. producir _____ 10. leer _____ 3. decidir _____ 11. ver _____ 4. romper _____ 12. hacer _____ 5. escribir _____ 13. morir _____ 6. cantar _____ 14. mandar _____ 7. poner _____ 15. lavar _____ 8. dejar _____ 16. abrir _____

  8. Now write a sentence for each, using them as adjectives: Ex: Las cartas están escritas en español. nounadjective or Tengo muchas cartasescritas en español. nounadjective

  9. Vamos a practicar. Gracias por su atención.