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Adel Abdellatif Chief, Regional Programme Division Regional Bureau for Arab States Manama, 06-07 October 2010 PowerPoint Presentation
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Arab Climate Resilience Initiative Third regional consultation meeting Climate Change Impacts in the Arab Region: Toward Sustainable Energy – Resources, Challenges, and Opportunities . Adel Abdellatif Chief, Regional Programme Division Regional Bureau for Arab States

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Arab Climate Resilience InitiativeThird regional consultation meetingClimate Change Impacts in the Arab Region: Toward Sustainable Energy – Resources, Challenges, and Opportunities

Adel Abdellatif

Chief, Regional Programme Division

Regional Bureau for Arab States

Manama, 06-07 October 2010

climate change a concern and an opportunity
Climate Change: a concern and an opportunity
  • Climate Change is a concern in the Arab countries
          • Arab Ministerial Declaration on Climate Change (2007)called for policy action ranging from integration of policies to deal with climate change in all sectors, adoption of national and regional climate change action plans, and carrying out studies to better understand the threat and options to deal with it.
          • Declaration of Arab Summit, Libya, March 2010

“We emphasize the need to adopt effective policies in dealing with the issues of climate change and preservation of the environment in all national and regional fields of sustainable development, and to adopt a unified stance at the negotiations over climate change in order to secure the rights of our peoples to safeguard our national resources...We stress the importance of cooperation and coordination in all fields of development, especially in the fields of Arab road links, electricity links, use of sustainable energy, green-belt projects..…”

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Climate Change: a concern and an opportunity

  • Climate Change is also an opportunityfor Arab countries
        • Energy efficiency to expand access;
        • Alternative and renewable energy;
        • Diversified economic growth;
        • Job creation;
        • Opportunity to improve policy coordination.
the arab climate resilience initiative
The Arab Climate Resilience Initiative

Objectives:

Build knowledge and foster policy dialogue;

Mobilize experts and policy leaders to build momentum;

Support strategic interventions to promote climate resilient development in the Arab countries.

Principles:

Consultative and demand-driven;

In line with priorities as defined by Arab countries ;

Promote regional cooperation;

Identify not only challenges, but also opportunities.

the regional forum on cc in the arab countries
The Regional Forum on CC in the Arab countries

Participants:

Governments : Ministers, Parliaments, Decision makers

Corporation Agencies and Donors

Research and Academic institutions

Private sector

NGOs

Youth

Media

  • Objectives:
      • Discuss and endorse the regional initiative
      • Mobilize high level partners
    • Dates: 3-5 November, 2010
    • Venue: Rabat, Morocco
content of presentation
Content of Presentation
  • Part I: Energy and Development
  • Part II: Energy in the Arab Countries – A Global Responsibility
  • Part III: Sustainable Energy: Challenges in the Region
  • Part IV: Global Renewable Energy
  • Part V: Key Questions
part i energy and development9
Part I: Energy and Development

Sources: World Bank, World Development Indicators (Energy Use)

     UNDP, Human Development Report Office (HDI)

Energy has been at the heart of critical economic, environmental and development issues facing the world today–in developed and developing countries.

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On as the world population increases, and prosperity increases, demand for energy will continue to grow.

Source: UN DESA. World Population Prospects, 2010.

part ii energy in the arab countries a global responsibility
Part II: Energy in the Arab Countries: A Global Responsibility

Source: Calculated from BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2010.

part ii energy in the arab countries a global responsibility14
Part II: Energy in the Arab Countries: A Global Responsibility

Source: Calculated from BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2010.

part ii energy in the arab countries a substantial source of revenue
Part II: Energy in the Arab Countries: A Substantial Source of Revenue

Source: IMF Country Reports, 2010.

part ii energy in the arab countries contributing to human development
Part II: Energy in the Arab Countries: Contributing to Human Development

Sources: World Bank, World Development Indicators (Energy Production).

UNDP, Human Development Report Office (HDI).

part ii energy in the arab countries volatility and jobless growth
Part II: Energy in the Arab Countries: Volatility and Jobless Growth

Source: UNDP AHDR, 2009.

part iii energy sustainability challenges in the region
Part III: Energy Sustainability: Challenges in the region

Source: UN DESA. World Population Prospects, 2009.

A: Population increase and economic growth = growing demand

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Part III: Energy Sustainability: Challenges in the region

Source: Tapping a Hidden Resource, Energy Efficiency in the Middle East and North Africa, World Bank 2009.

A: Population increase and economic growth = growing demand

part iii energy sustainability challenges in the region21
Part III: Energy Sustainability: Challenges in the region

Source: Tapping a Hidden Resource, Energy Efficiency in the Middle East and North Africa, World Bank 2009.

B: Energy Use is Highly Inefficient in the Arab Countries

part iii energy sustainability challenges in the region22
Part III: Energy Sustainability: Challenges in the region

B: Energy Use is Highly Inefficient in the Arab Countries

part iii energy sustainability challenges in the region23
Part III: Energy Sustainability: Challenges in the region

Source: UNDP-AHDR calculations based on World Bank , 2010.

B: Energy Use is Highly Inefficient in the Arab Countries

part iii energy sustainability challenges in the region24
Part III: Energy Sustainability: Challenges in the region

Source: Arab Knowledge Report, 2009.

C: No strong tradition of investing in Research and Development

part iii energy sustainability challenges in the region25
Part III: Energy Sustainability: Challenges in the region

Source: UNDP, Human Development Report Office.

Source: Al Rukaibi, Duaij (2010). Water resources in the GCC. University of Texas at Austin.

D: Water Scarcity puts pressure on energy

part iii energy sustainability challenges in the region26
Part III: Energy Sustainability: Challenges in the region
  • Power outages:
  • Iraq
  • Egypt
  • Lebanon
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Qatar

Source: Dr. Jeff Masters, Weather Underground. July 30, 2010.

E: Rising temperatures put pressure on energy

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Part IV: Global Renewable Energy

Source: BP statistical review of world energy, 2010.

slide29

Part IV: Global Renewable Energy

Source: BP statistical review of World Energy, 2010.

part v key questions31
Part V: Key Questions
  • What are the overall challenges and opportunities associated with the relationship between energy and climate change? (Opening)
  • What are the features of the global and regional context that enable and or present challenges to sustainable energy? (Panel 1)
  • What can we learn from the innovative renewable energy initiatives underway in the Arab countries, how can these be scaled-up, and what role can they play in regional cooperation? (Panel 2)
  • What economic and financial opportunities can be seized in the embrace of sustainable energy? (Panel 3)
  • What steps can be taken to promote a rapid advance of knowledge and technology transfer for sustainable energy in the Arab countries? (Panel 4)
  • What are the priorities for cooperative action, and how can we move forward together to enhance sustainable energy throughout the region? (Panel 5)
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“The decisions we take today on how we produce, consume and distribute energy will profoundly influence our ability to eradicate poverty and respond effectively to climate change.” UN SG