“Hans Christian Andersen and the Discourse of the Dominated” Jack Zipes. Jessica Brumley, Alliah Davis, & Alexandra Wolfe. Thesis.
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Hans Christian Anderson strongly desired to be completely accepted by upper class nobility
Despite Hans Christian Anderson’s great success as a writer, his proletarian family background restrained his efforts to rise from the dominated class and into the dominating circle. This inspired his belief in natural nobility.
“…he devoutly believed that certain biologically determined people were chosen by divine providence to rise above others.” Zipes, 248.
Andersen rationalized his need for recognition by the upper classes by asserting his own artistry as God given gifts that merited his progression in social hierarchy
Andersen was born in a ‘Lumpenproletariat” society
“In almost all of Andersen’s early tales, he focuses on lower-class or disenfranchised protagonists, who work their way up and into society.” Zipes, 279
His tales are essential because they exposed similar motifs such as ““significance of providence, the essence of geniality, the role of the artist, the treatment of women, and the system of patronage.” Zipes, 271
Jack Zipes makes an excellent argument establishing Hans Christian Andersen’s conflict with social order and how it translated into his literary tales. The evidence he uses, including excerpts from the works of NoëlleBisseret, Finn Hauberg Mortensen, and Hans Christian Andersen himself enhance his argument by giving the reader a stronger insight into 19th century Europe and motive behind Andersen’s work. In addition, Zipes’ use of Andersen’s actual literary fairy tales into his argument to connect his assertions could probably convince the most skeptical readers. Jack Zipes' argument relates to other scholarship's such as "Hansel and Gretel" and "Molly Whoopie" because hidden within these other fairy tales is a symbolic struggle with being lower class.