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Human Origins in Africa. Chapter 1 Section 1. Key Terms. Artifact Culture Hominid Paleolithic Age Neolithic Age Technology Homo Sapiens. Scientists Search for Human Origins. Prehistory- 5000 years ago Artifacts- are human made objects such as jewelry and tools

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Human Origins in Africa


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Human Origins in Africa Chapter 1 Section 1

    2. Key Terms • Artifact • Culture • Hominid • Paleolithic Age • Neolithic Age • Technology • Homo Sapiens

    3. Scientists Search for Human Origins • Prehistory- 5000 years ago • Artifacts- are human made objects such as jewelry and tools • Culture-people’s unique way of life

    4. Scientists • Archeologist-uncover stories of prehistoric people • Anthropologists-study people’s culture • Paleontologist- study fossils in rocks

    5. Early Man • Hominids- humans and other creatures that walk upright • Lucy- female skeleton 3.5 million years old • Footprints in Africa 3.6 million years old

    6. Old Stone Age Begins • Paleolithic Age- 2.5 million to 8000 BC • Stone age • Oldest stone chopping tools • Neolithic Age- 8000 to 3000 BC • Polish stone tools • Make pottery • Grow crops/raise animals

    7. Homo Habilis • 2.5 million years ago • Found in southern and eastern Africa • Means man of skill • Used tools

    8. Homo Erectus • Means “upright man” • Knowledge of tools • Skillful hunters • Tools for digging, scraping and cutting • First to migrate out of Africa • First to use fire • Language

    9. Homo Sapiens • Means “wise man” • Neanderthal man- 200,000 to 30,000 • Religious beliefs, rituals • Lived in caves • Cut up and skinned prey • Survived ice age • Flute 43,000 to 80,000 years • Cave painting 35,000 years

    10. Homo Sapiens • Cro-Magnon • 40,000 years ago • Identical to modern humans • 5 feet tall • Migrated to Europe and Asia • Hunting strategies • Spoken language

    11. Cave Paintings Argentina

    12. Cave Painting Tassilin’Ajer, Algeria

    13. Cave Painting Lascaux, France

    14. Cave Paintings • Appear in • France (Europe) • Algeria (Africa) • Argentina (South America) • Australia • All show features of humans or animals or both • Three basic colors, yellow, black, red