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Human Origins in Africa. Chapter 1 Section 1. Warm-Up ( Enter room quietly) Define Key Terms. Culture Neolithic Age Technology Homo Sapiens. Scientists Search for Human Origins. Prehistory- 5000 years ago Artifacts- are human made objects such as jewelry and tools

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Human origins in africa

Human Origins in Africa

Chapter 1

Section 1


Warm up enter room quietly define key terms
Warm-Up ( Enter room quietly) Define Key Terms

  • Culture

  • Neolithic Age

  • Technology

  • Homo Sapiens


Scientists search for human origins
Scientists Search for Human Origins

  • Prehistory- 5000 years ago

  • Artifacts- are human made objects such as jewelry and tools

  • Culture-people’s unique way of life


Scientists
Scientists

  • Archeologist-uncover stories of prehistoric people

  • Anthropologists-study people’s culture

  • Paleontologist- study fossils in rocks


Early man
Early Man

  • Hominids- humans and other creatures that walk upright

  • Lucy- female skeleton 3.5 million years old

  • Footprints in Africa 3.6 million years old


Old stone age begins
Old Stone Age Begins

  • Paleolithic Age- 2.5 million to 8000 BC

    • Stone age

    • Oldest stone chopping tools

  • Neolithic Age- 8000 to 3000 BC

    • Polish stone tools

    • Make pottery

    • Grow crops/raise animals


Homo habilis
Homo Habilis

  • 2.5 million years ago

  • Found in southern and eastern Africa

  • Means man of skill

  • Used tools


Homo erectus
Homo Erectus

  • Means “upright man”

  • Knowledge of tools

  • Skillful hunters

  • Tools for digging, scraping and cutting

  • First to migrate out of Africa

  • First to use fire

  • Language


Homo sapiens
Homo Sapiens

  • Means “wise man”

  • Neanderthal man- 200,000 to 30,000

    • Religious beliefs, rituals

    • Lived in caves

    • Cut up and skinned prey

    • Survived ice age

    • Flute 43,000 to 80,000 years

    • Cave painting 35,000 years


Homo sapiens1
Homo Sapiens

  • Cro-Magnon

    • 40,000 years ago

    • Identical to modern humans

    • 5 feet tall

    • Migrated to Europe and Asia

    • Hunting strategies

    • Spoken language



Cave painting tassili n ajer algeria
Cave Painting Tassilin’Ajer, Algeria



Cave paintings
Cave Paintings

  • Appear in

    • France (Europe)

    • Algeria (Africa)

    • Argentina (South America)

    • Australia

    • All show features of humans or animals or both

    • Three basic colors, yellow, black, red