CDM/Energy Efficiency Projects EGYPT : Group II. Ihab Elmassry , M. Sc., CEM, DGCP Energy Solutions Business Egypt & Middle East Cummins Power Generation - UK Mobile +(2) 012-312-5477, Fax +(202) 401-1202 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Discussion Points. Egypt Energy Outlook
CDM/Energy Efficiency ProjectsEGYPT : Group II Ihab Elmassry, M. Sc., CEM, DGCPEnergy Solutions BusinessEgypt & Middle EastCummins Power Generation - UKMobile +(2) 012-312-5477, Fax +(202) 401-1202Email: email@example.com
Discussion Points • Egypt Energy Outlook • SS EE - CDM projects • Plant Description • Technology Description • Energy Consumption • Sources of GHG • BL & CERs • Energy Efficiency Business in Egypt
Mediterranean Sea Damietta Rosetta New Damietta Alexandria Port Said Cairo Bahareya Oasis El-Menya Ind cities 1. Egypt Energy Outlook • Electricity • Electricity Cons.(02/03) 81 TWh • Installed Power 18 GW • Fuel • NG 21 M TOE • Fuel #2 8.6 M TOE • Fuel #6 6 M TOE
Egypt CO2 Emissions 110 Million ton (2002)
Projects to be presented Cogeneration • 1.1 MWe Cogeneration @ Elnasr For Paper (PDD) • 1.3 MWe Cogeneration @ Misr Elmonofia for textile (PIN) Fuel Switching • Fuel switching @ Glass for dyeing (PDD) • Fuel switching @ clay bricks factories (PIN) Energy Management System(EMS) • EMS @ Zenotex for dyeing (PIN)
EE Definition • There is no single definition, But … Doing the same with less Energy efficiency measures are designed to reduce the amount of fuel/energy consumed without losing any of the value of the product or process. Improving energy efficiency is a technological means to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases without increasing production costs. http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&oi=defmore&q=define:Energy+Efficiency
I. Cogeneration Projects • Small Scale CDM projects • Plant names • Elnasr for paper & Carton (PDD) • Misr Elmnofia for textile (PIN)
Technology • Cogeneration is the simultaneousgeneration of usable heat and power, usually electricity, in a single process from the same fuel. • CHP is not a new technology • Used in Thomas Edison’s first electric generating plant in 1891
Steam Electricity Cogeneration Vs Conventional System Cogeneration Vs Conventional System Losses Losses Steam Electricity Losses Cost of Electricity + Heat Fuel + air Fuel + air
Benefits of Cogeneration • Energy efficient • Reduction in kWh and heat costs • Reduction in air emissions
1. Elnasr’s Project Summary • Plant Name Elnasr Company for Paper • Location Alexandria, Egypt • PDD Draft version has been issued • Technology NG-Based Cogeneration Package • Size 1.1 MWe & 1 t/hr Sat. Steam • Project cat. Small Scale, EEI - II-D • Investment $370,000 • CO2 Reduction 2,500 ton/yr
Plant Background Annual operating hrs 8760 hr Max. electrical demand 2000 kW Voltage level 11/0.38 KV Diesel engine 800 kW The plant cover its electric demand through utility grid and diesel gen-sets. Not synchronized in with the utility grid. NG available Two boilers exists one out of order. The on service boiler data is • Rated pressure 25 barg • Operating pressure 12.5 barg • Process pressure 4 barg • 2 burners 1 NG/Light oil & 1 heavy oil
1,240 kW 1,320 kW
Elnasr Co. for Paper SLD Feeder A Feeder B 11 kV side NC MV Bus bar TR 4 1 MVA TR 1 1 MVA 1 MVA TR 3 1 MVA TR 2 1 MVA G1 0.5 MVA G2 To 560 kW 6 kV motor Other loads 380 V level Other loads 0.4 kV Low voltage loads Low voltage loads Change over switch
Possible Alternatives Cogen scheme • Gen-set-based / GT-based • connection • Isolated mode • Parallel mode (synchronized with utility)
Proposed SLD Supply steam base load @ 4barg Feeder A Feeder B 11 kV side Supply electric base load @ 11 kV NC MV Bus bar TR 4 1 MVA TR 3 1 MVA TR 1 1 MVA TR 2 1 MVA To 560 kW 6 kV motor 380 V level 0.4 kV Low voltage loads Low voltage loads
Sell Back price??? No kWh export Cummins QSk60 Gas-Gen Set
MGM-Metrogas 3MW Cogen Baseline • Type II - D – Energy Efficiency Improvement • BL emissions are the current emissions of the facility due to self-generation, kWh from utility grid & boiler. • Cogen input fuel is pipeline NG and output is electricity (kWh) and heat (saturated steam). This will cover kWh & ton/hr base loads.
BL - Most Recent Central Power Station in Egypt CO2 emissions factor 525 kg CO2/MWh
Elec. Power Project Boundary Project site Plant site Elnasr Plant Elnasr Plant NG Steam Boiler NG Steam Boiler Project boundary Electricity from public utility Elec. Power NG Cogen unit Fuel #2 Elec. Power G
CERs • Crediting Period: 10 years • 1st yr of the Crediting Period: 2006 • Baseline emissions 7,938 ton CO2 eq • Project emissions 5,391 ton CO2 eq • Emissions reductions 2,546 ton CO2 eq
Barriers • I. Investment/financial barrier • A cogeneration project is relatively a capital intensive project. • There is no clear financing mechanism for EE projects. • Banks and leasing companies’ interest rates are high. • Subsidy that imposed on electricity and energyprices. • Relatively high simple payback periods, in best cases it is not less than 7 years.
Barriers (Cont.) • III. Institutional • The reluctance of the utility to purchase the excess kWh. • The lack of long-term plans supported by the government for cogeneration promotion. • No cogeneration PPA • Low selling back tariff • Procedure for interconnection requirements • IV. Technological: • Few number of small scale cogeneration projects are already installed, this leads to operation & performance risk
Energy efficiency is not an exact science Monitoring
EIA • No need for EIA, as it is < 5 MWe • Form B is only required.
2. Misr Elmonofia’s Project • Plant Name Misr Elmonofia Company for Textile • Location Monofia, Egypt • PDD Draft version is being prepare • Technology NG-Based Cogeneration Package • Size 1.3 MWe & 1.4 t/hr Sat. Steam • Project cat. Small Scale, II-D • Investment $414,000 • CO2 Reduction 2,600 ton/yr
Background Current Annual kWh 9.5 GWh (utility) Average Demand 1.3 MW Existing Annual Self Gen 3.9 GWh Total Plant energy consumption 13.4 GWh Plant Average Demand 1.5 MW Boiler 2 * 7.5 ton/hr @ 8 barg Average steam load 1.8 to 1.3 ton/hr
Misr Elmonofia Summary • Estimated total Project Cost $415,000 • PDD Draft PDD almost completed • Crediting Period: 10 years • First year of the Crediting Period: 2006 • Annual CERs Expected: 2,600 ton CO2
Cogeneration Potential in Egypt • Previous studies shows that there is a reat potential of cogen application in Egypt. 1,200 MWe to 800 MWe
II. Fuel Switching Projects • Glass for Dyeing (PDD) • 100 Bricks Plants (PIN)
Fuel Switching at Glass for Dyeing (PDD) • Plant name Glass for Dyeing • Location Shoubra Elkhama, Egypt • Investment $90,000 • Baseline Emissions 17,535 t CO2e / yr • Project Emission 12,935 t CO2e / yr • Reduction 4,600 ton CO2/yr • CR period 3 x 7 yrs • Debundled No
Plant Description • The plant main operations are:- • Souring, Bleaching & Rinsing of cotton fabrics • Dyeing • Printing • Operates 24 hrs, 365 day/yr • The plant has:- • 2 x 6 ton/hr Fuel oil-fired steam boiler • 1 x 4 ton/hr Gas oil-fired oil boiler
Monthly Fuel Consumption At Glass Av GO 87 KLiter, FO, 390 ton
Proposed Project Technology • It is straight forward application • Replacement of FO & GO fired burners with NG-fired ones + automatic CS. • NG is available close to plant fence, NG Reduction station and internal NG piping work are included. • No major technological barrier involved
Emission Reduction • Higher fuel use efficiency, the overall efficiency of the boilers is expected to be higher than the current state. • Eliminate fuel oil and gas oil consumptions
BL Methodology • Type III - Switching fossil fuels • project boundary is the physical and geographical site where the fuel combustion affected by the fuel-switching measure occurs. • BL emissions are the current emissions of the facility due to FO & GO combustion.
Monitoring • the proposed monitoring plant shall consist of:- • Metering the input fuel consumption • Boilers combustion efficiency. • Overall boiler thermal efficiency will be estimated based on the physical conditions of boiler’s body insulation.
EIA • No EIA is required for switching from FO & GO to NG is required by the Egyptian regulations.