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  1. Ultimate: SHAKESPEARE The Plays, The Quotes, The Legend!

  2. To be, or not to be, that is the question... Romeo and Juliet Othello Midsummer Night's Dream Hamlet Julius Ceasar Macbeth This above all, to thine own self be true...

  3. Influence and Importance William Shakespeare ranks as the most popular authors in the English language. In 2000 British citizens voted him the Man of the Millennium —the most important person since 1000 A.D. He is credited with 37 of the world’s most heralded pieces of drama and literature, including: Romeo and Juliet Julius Caesar Hamlet Othello King Lear Macbeth Influence and Importance Give Shakespeare his due: he is the greatest writer of all time

  4. Influence and Importance His poems and plays are the most quoted pieces of writing other than the Bible Shakespeare is credited with 37 of the world’s most heralded pieces of drama and literature, including: Romeo and Juliet Julius Caesar Hamlet Othello King Lear Macbeth Influence and Importance

  5. Influence and Importance Besides his plays, he is also credited with penning 154 sonnets that are often considered some of the finest poetry ever written His plot dynamics, characters and ability to write comedies, tragedies and histories has never been duplicated by any other scribe Influence and Importance

  6. The Plays,The Quotes

  7. Shakespeare’s Plays Comedies: light and amusing, usually with a happy ending All's Well That Ends Well As You Like It Comedy of Errors Love's Labour's Lost Measure for Measure Merchant of Venice Merry Wives of Windsor Midsummer Night's Dream Much Ado about Nothing Taming of the Shrew Tempest Twelfth Night Two Gentlemen of Verona Winter's Tale Shakespeare’s Plays

  8. Shakespeare’s Plays Tragedies: serious dramas with disastrous endings Antony and Cleopatra Coriolanus Hamlet Julius Caesar King Lear Macbeth Othello Romeo and Juliet Timon of Athens Titus Andronicus Troilus and Cressida Shakespeare’s Plays

  9. Shakespeare’s Plays Histories: involve events or persons from history Cymbeline Henry IV, Part I Henry IV, Part II Henry V Henry VI, Part I Henry VI, Part II Henry VI, Part III Henry VIII King John Pericles Richard II Richard III Shakespeare’s Plays

  10. 10 Famous Shakespearean Quotes "This above all: to thine own self be true." (Hamlet - Act 1, Scene 2). "There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so." (Hamlet - Act II, Scene II). "It's not enough to speak, but to speak true." (Midsummer Night’s Dream - Act 5, Scene 1). "Et tu, Brute?" (Julius Caesar - Act 3, Scene 1). "Neither a borrower nor a lender be; for loan oft loses both itself and friend." (Hamlet - Act 1, Scene 3). "The course of true love never did run smooth." (Midsummer Night’s Dream - Act 1, Scene 1). "Be not afraid of greatness: some are born great, some achieve greatness and some have greatness thrust upon them." (Twelfth Night - Act 2, Scene 5). "All the world's a stage and all the men and women merely players." (As You Like It - Act 2, Scene 7). "There's daggers in men's smiles." (Macbeth - Act 2, Scene 3). "All that glisters is not gold." (Merchant of Venice - Act 2, Scene 7).

  11. 10 Famous Shakespearean Quotes on LOVE Love looks not with eyes, but with the mind." (Midsummer Night’s Dream - Act 1, Scene 1). “When I saw you I fell in love, and you smiled because you knew. “(Hamlet, Act 2, Scene 2). "A heart to love, and in that heart, courage, to make love known“ (Macbeth Act 2 Scene 3) “Love sought is good, but given unsought is better.” (Twelfth Night Act 3 Scene 1). “Who ever loved that loved not at first sight? “ (As You Like It - Act 3, Scene 5). “If music be the food of love, play on.” (Twelfth Night, Act I, Scene I) “Love is blind, and lovers cannot see, The pretty follies that themselves commit” (Merchant of Venice - Act 2, Scene 6) "The course of true love never did run smooth." (Midsummer Night’s Dream, Act I, Scene I). "When you depart from me sorrow abides, and happiness takes his leave.“ (Much Ado About Nothing - Act 1, Scene 1). "They do not love that do not show their love." (The Two Gentlemen of Verona – Act 1, Scene 2)

  12. Shakespeare in His Time Shakespeare in Our Time Shakespeare presented his plays at inns, courtyards, royal palaces, private residences and playhouses such as Blackfriars and the Globe Theatre, built in 1599. Shakespeare’s plays continue to be produced even today. Over 250 film adaptations of his plays have been made. Shakespeare’s Continuing Presence Shakespeare has been seen in current media from The Simpsons to modern adaptations of his works like Hamlet

  13. Myths About Shakespeare Many scholars have asserted that a man of Shakespeare's pedigree lacked the sophistication to produce a great body of brilliant work (despite the probability he was educated at the respected King’s New School in Stratford). As a result, some tried to give credit for his works to other great authors of his time. These thoughts have mostly been discredited due to historic dates not matching Shakespearean Myth

  14. Important Shakespeare Dates and Events Estimated Birth in 1564 Born in Stratford, England, about ninety miles northwest of London. 1582 at the age of 18, married Anne Hathaway Shakespeare Timeline

  15. The Timeline

  16. Important Shakespeare Dates and Events The Lost Years Between the middle 1580s and 1592 there is little information about Shakespeare’s activities In 1592 he emerged in London and began his legacy as the world’s most famous writer Shakespeare Timeline

  17. Important Shakespeare Dates and Events 1592 theatre were closed due to plague. The result was the beginning of Shakespeare’s poetic career 1594 the theatres reopened and Shakespeare joined a newly formed drama group called the Lord Chamberlain's Men Shakespeare served as both a writer and actor for the company Shakespeare Timeline

  18. Important Shakespeare Dates and Events 1597 Shakespeare’s success as a writer and businessman resulted in him owning the second-biggest house in Stratford, for himself and his family. 1599 Shakespeare became a major shareholder in the Globe Theatre, which housed many of his most famous plays  Shakespeare Timeline

  19. Important Shakespeare Dates and Events 1603 Queen Elizabeth died and shortly after Shakespeare’s acting company was elevated to the title of the ''King's Company'' or "King's Men". 1604 Shakespeare participated in the coronation of King James I and Shakespeare and the other members of his company became officers of the royal household. Shakespeare Timeline

  20. Important Shakespeare Dates and Events 1616 Shakespeare died on the same date on which he was believed to have been born, April 23. The cause of his death is the subject of conjecture. Shakespeare Timeline

  21. William Shakespeare's The Globe Theatre

  22. Shakespeare’s Role William Shakespeare was, of course, the main dramatist of the Globe Theatre. Most of Shakespeare’s plays were held in the Globe, and he owned 12% of the theatre. Shakespeare himself sometimes performed in his plays as an actor. Shakespeare’s Role

  23. General Information Architecture and Look The original Globe Theatre was a wood-framed building angled to form a circle or an oval. The interior resembled that of a modern opera house, with three galleries protected from rain and sunlight by a roof. The stage was raised four to six feet from ground level and had a roof supported by pillars. General Information


  25. General Information Attendance Between 2,000 and 3,000 playgoers paid to sit in the covered galleries Directly in front of the stage was a roofless yard for up to 1,000 "groundlings,“ who stood during performances General Information Groundlings gather in front of the stage

  26. Admission Those sitting under the cover of rooftop paid two or more pennies to sit in the galleries, depositing them in a box. Groundlings paid a "gatherer" a penny to stand through a performance under a hot sun or threatening clouds. Admission

  27. The Audience Groundlings Groundlings were uneducated and not refined Many of Shakespeare's dialogue would be difficult for them to understand The Groundlings

  28. The Audience Groundlings In fact, Shakespeare himself belittled them in Hamlet as beingincapable of comprehending anything more than dumbshows. The groundlings were attracted to the globe because of the spectacle and glamour The Groundlings

  29. Atmosphere The productions in the Globe were not unlike those of current day concert or sporting events When the audience grew bored, they could buy food and drink from roving peddlers, exchange the news of the day, and boo and hiss the actors.  Atmosphere

  30. Staging and Props Props and backdrops were few. Sometimes a prop used for only one scene remained onstage for other scenes because it was too heavy or too awkward to remove. Staging and Props

  31. Staging and Props Shakespeare had to write descriptions of settings into his dialogue. There was no curtain that opened or closed at the beginning or end of plays. Staging and Props

  32. Costumes Costumes were often the company’s most valuable asset Costumes were made by the company, bought in London, or donated by courtiers Costumes

  33. Actors In Shakespeare's time, males played all the characters, even Juliet, It was forbidden for a woman to set foot on an Elizabethan stage. Female parts were mostly played by prepubescent boys whose voices had not yet changed and had female features Actors In the film Shakespeare in the Love the script was flipped: woman dressed up as man!

  34. Actors, Continued The illusion of females being on stage was further enhanced by the following: wigs neck-to-toe dresses makeup After an actor reached early adulthood, he could begin playing male parts. Actors

  35. Actors, Continued All actors had to memorize their lines exactly and did not rely on cue cards Popular actors earned more money–and received more praise Actors who played clowns and jesters were celebrities, and often were popular with the “Groundlings” Actors

  36. Special Effects Shakespearean actors had to perform their own stunts, such as falling or tumbling. They also had to do the following: wield swords perform popular dances Project their voices to thousands without any kind of microphone Special Effects

  37. Special Effects Some “special effects” used in the plays included: Trap Doors (for the appearance of ghosts and supernatural) Sound Effects (from sheets of metal, etc). Fireworks (to create omens, meteors, etc) Music Blood (hidden pouches popped to release animal blood--perhaps a pig's bladder--beneath an actor’s shirt   Special Effects

  38. Demise and Rebirth In 1613, the Globe Theatre burned down after booming canon fire A second Globe was closed and later destroyed 1644 Modern recreations of the first and second Globe theatres are based on 17th Century descriptions and drawings. Demise and Rebirth

  39. Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Era

  40. Elizabethan London

  41. London During Elizabethan Era London in 1600 was one of the great crossroads of the world. It was the center of business, work, the royal court, sport and entertainment London During Elizabethan Era Elizabethan Era

  42. London During Elizabethan Era Greater London at that time had more than 200,000 residents London was William Shakespeare his second home great portions of his life because the thriving city hosted his numerous plays London During Elizabethan Era

  43. London During Elizabethan Era London’s streets were narrow thoroughfares filled and crowded. These streets would be occupied by the following: Animals: dogs, cats, pigs, and ducks Noises: from rolling wheels, boisterous merchants, children at play, church bells, pounding hammers, hogs, sheep, cattle, grouchy dogs–. Workers: milkmaids, blacksmiths, jugglers, sailors, chimney sweeps, wheelwrights, magicians, stool-makers, government spies, perfumed ladies, bejeweled gentlemen London During Elizabethan Era

  44. London During Elizabethan Era A variety of commerce would be taking place as well, including: Merchants and Companies: clothworkers, drapers, fish merchants, goldsmiths, grocers, haberdashers, ironmongers, mercers (dealers in textiles and dry goods), salters, and skinners Shopping: perfume, wigs, jewelry, hats, shirts, shoes, breeches, feathers, ruffles, ribbons, silks, tweeds, wine, drugs, spices, toys, paper, ink, candles.  London During Elizabethan Era

  45. Elizabethan Entertainment and Lifestyle

  46. Entertainment During Elizabethan Era Bloodsport rings and arenas Spectators paid to see cockfighting or snarling dogs attack chained bears or bulls. Queen Elizabeth was among the aficionados of bearbaiting and bullbaiting, as these brutal contests were called Entertainment During Elizabethan Era

  47. Entertainment During Elizabethan Era The population during this time relied heavily on alcohol Ale and wine were more plentiful than filtered water, and people would often be drunk from morning to night Entertainment During Elizabethan Era

  48. Personal Hygiene and Health Poor sewer system that resulted in disease and a lack of filtered water As a result: Bathing was considered dangerous Body odor strong Personal Hygiene and Health