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Unit 4 What would you do?. Reading. What would you do if …?. What would you do if …?. 预习检测. 句型展示 1. 如果你意外划伤自己,你会怎么办? What ______ you ______ ______ you cut yourself by accident? 2. 你应该用一块干净的布包住伤口,并且用 力摁住。

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Unit 4

What would you do?

Reading

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预习检测

句型展示

1. 如果你意外划伤自己,你会怎么办?

What ______ you ______ ______ you cut yourself by accident?

2. 你应该用一块干净的布包住伤口,并且用

力摁住。

You ______ ______ the cut with a clean cloth and ______ it hard.

答案:1. would;do if

2. should cover; press

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3. 如果一位朋友在晚会上递给你香烟,你当

然应该拒绝。

If a friend _______ you cigarettes at a party, of course you _______ _______ !

4. 你必须把药品藏起来,远离孩子。

You _______ always _______ medicine

_______ children.

答案:3. offers; should refuse

4. must;hide; from

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Section 1

Before You Read

What do you know about “accidents” and

“problems” ? Discuss the following questions.

What kind of accidents do you know of?

___________________________________________

What is the biggest problem a teenager has?

___________________________________________

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Section 1

Before You Read

accident n. event that happens unexpectedly and cause damage, injury

事故; 故障;横祸;不幸;不测;意外

His left knee was hurt in a traffic accident.

他的左膝在一次交通事故中受伤了。

I started the hobby almost by accident.

我有了这个爱好纯属偶然。

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problem n. thing that is difficult to deal with or

understand.

难以处理的事情;难以了解的事物;难题

Heavy traffic is a problem in many old towns.

交通拥挤是许多旧城镇的难题。

The students are working on a mathematical problem.

学生们正在解一道数学习题。

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Section 2

While You Read

What would you do if …?

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While You Read

cut yourself

by accident

cover the cut with a clean cloth

press it hard

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burn yourself by accident

When you cook,

put the burned area

under cold running water

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surf the Internet

chat with each other on QQ

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What should you do?

meet your Internet friend in public

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In our lives, we may face different problems,

and some accidents often happen, so you

should have a first-aid book in your home.

Put the first-aid book on the shelf.

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a clean cloth

deep

Call the hospital

cold running water

stop exercising

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refuse

dangers

Hide

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in a public place

lots of water

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Language points

hurt可以用作动词, 它的过去式和过去分词都是hurt。

当hurt用作不及物动词时, 意为“疼”。

And if it hurt for more than a few days, I’d see a doctor.

如果它疼好几天的话, 我就会去看医生。

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当hurt用作及物动词时, 意为“使疼痛, 使受伤”。

He hurt his arm when he played football.他踢足球时, 摔伤了胳膊。

hurt还可以用作名词, 意为“伤害”, 为不可数名词。

I won’t forget the hurt that terrible experience left me.

我无法忘记那次可怕的经历留给我的伤害。

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【2011无锡】五、动词填空 用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空,并将答案写在答题卡标有题号的横线上。【2011无锡】五、动词填空 用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空,并将答案写在答题卡标有题号的横线上。

Last Friday afternoon the young man ______ (hurt) in the traffic accident which happened on the highway.

答案:was hurt

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hurt, injure, wound, cut这一组动词都有“受伤”的意思。

hurt:为普通用语,既可指肉体上的伤害(可被badly, slightly, seriously等修饰),也可指精神上、感情上的伤害(被very much/rather/deeply修饰),多指伤痛。

injure:比hurt正式,主要指意外事故中损害健康、容貌等,强调功能的损失。

A bullet injured his left eye.

一颗子弹伤了他的左眼。

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wound:指枪伤、刀伤、刺伤等皮肉之伤,是出血的、严重的伤,尤其指用武器有意造成的伤口、伤疤或战场上受伤,也可指人们精神上的创伤。wound:指枪伤、刀伤、刺伤等皮肉之伤,是出血的、严重的伤,尤其指用武器有意造成的伤口、伤疤或战场上受伤,也可指人们精神上的创伤。

The thief wounded him with a knife.

那小偷用刀刺伤了他。

cut:指无意中造成的轻伤。

I cut my hand on some broken glass.

碎玻璃割伤了我的手。

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用 hurt, injure, cut, 或 wound 的适当形式填空。

  • Telling a lie could ______ your friends.
  • 2. She ______ her left knee during the badminton match and had to quit the match.
  • 3. The policeman was badly ________ when he fought with the criminal (罪犯).

hurt

injured

wounded

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4. His feelings were ____________ when she

rejected his invitation to the party.

5. Patient: My head is badly _________.

Doctor: Take some aspirin. If it still _____,

you should come to see me.

6. The shot _________ the robber in the right leg.

7. I ______ myself on the cheek with my

razor (刮胡刀). 

hurt / injured

hurting

hurts

wounded

cut

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offer可以用作动词, 意为“提供”, 相当于give, 后面可以接双宾语, 即常用于“offer sb. sth”或“offer sth. to sb.”结构中, 意为“提供给某人某物”。

A friend offers you cigarettes at a party.

一个朋友在聚会上给你烟。

We should offer our seats to the old on the bus.

在公共汽车上, 我们应该把座位让给老人。

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offer还可以意为“主动提供/出”, 常用于“offer to do sth.”结构中, 意为“主动提出做某事”。

He offered to drive me home. 他主动提出开车送我回家。

offer还可以用作名词, 意为“主动提议, 出价”。

Thanks for your kind offer of help.谢谢你的好心帮助。

I’ll offer you 100 yuan for this book.我出100元给你买这本书。

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Their school offers the students lunch. (改为同义句)

Their school _____ lunch _____ the students.

【点拨】offers;to。offer作及物动词,意为“提供;给予”,后接名词、代词作宾语, 也可接双宾语,即offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to

sb. 。

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A

It’s kind of you to ______ your seat to me, but I don’t need it.

A. offer B. follow

C. take D. send

(2009 江苏南京) — Do you have any problems if you ______ this job?

— Well, I’m thinking about the working day.

A. offer B. will offer

C. are offered D. will be offered

C

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provide / offer的区别

provide指有远见,为应付意外、紧急情况等作好充分准备而“供给、提供”, 可用于provide sb. (with sth.) 或provide sth. (for sb.)结构。

offer侧重表示“愿意给予”或“主动提供”,常用于offer sb. sth., offer sth. to sb. 或 offer to do sth. 结构。

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Sheep provide us with wool.

羊供给我们羊毛。

She offered me a cup of tea.

她给我端了杯茶。

He offered to go instead of me.

他主动提出代替我去。

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1. Our teachers ______ us _____ some help.A. offer, to B. provide, to

C. offer, with D. provide, with

2. I can provide you ______ some information and you must offer me ______ a job.A. to, with  B. with, /

C. with, to D./, /

3. — Are you going to Tibet for vacation?— Yes. I want you to _____ me with some information about it.A. offerB. give C. showD. provide

D

B

D

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refuse v.拒绝;回绝

▶You should learn to refuse to do what you don’t want to do.

你应该学会拒绝做你不想做的事情。

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从 A、B、C 三个选项中,找出和画线部分意思相同或相近、并能替换画线部分 的选项。

Tom, remember you are having a fever. If your friends ask you to play outside, you should say no to them.

A. criticize

B. not answer

C. refuse

C

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--- I never thought she would _______ my

invitation to the concert.

--- She would feel sorry for missing the

concert someday.

A. refuse B. suppose

C. return D. remind

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【点拨】选A。句意:---我从来没想到她会拒绝我邀请她参加音乐会。---总有一天她会因错过音乐会而后悔。refuse“拒绝;回绝”。【点拨】选A。句意:---我从来没想到她会拒绝我邀请她参加音乐会。---总有一天她会因错过音乐会而后悔。refuse“拒绝;回绝”。

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Section 3

After You Read

Discuss these questions with a partner.

Why is cold running water helpful to treat a small burn?

Burns are the result of an excess of heart; and the skin continues to burn, so cold water will stop the burning.

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Why would it be dangerous to meet an “Internet friend” alone?

Because it’s always better to have more than one

person present if you feel you might be in danger. A criminal is less likely to commit a crime in public or when there are several people around.

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Section 3

After You Read

How serious do you think these accidents and problems in the reading are? Rank them <1-4> (1 is the most serious).

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Section 3

After You Read

Find one accident or problem in the reading that you have experienced. Write it here, and then check the box if you followed the advice given.

____________________________________________

____________________________________________

____________________________________________

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根据句意或提示词,在空格处填入一个适当的词,使句子完整。

1. What would you do if you cut yourself by ________?

2. If you burn yourself, put the burned area under cold _________ water.

3. If it hurts for more than a few days, I’d see a _______.

4. You should tell your parents about it, and meet your Internet friend in a __________ place.

accident

running

doctor

public / safe

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5. He ________ (offer) to drive us to the zoo, but we preferred to walk.

6. Get down from there before you get _______ (hurt).

7. It is difficult to drive in _______ (deeply) snow.

8. Thank you. You are very _______ (help).

offered

hurt

deep

helpful

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Section 4

Go For It !

Add one more “accident” and one more

“problem” to Dr Robinson’s book.

Question:

Doctor:

Problem:

Advice:

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Have you ever had an accident?

What happened?

What did you do?

Have you ever had a problem?

Did you ask for advice?

Did the advice help?

Section 4

Go For It !

Do a class survey on accidents and problems.

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Section 4

Additional note

Most people who die in floods drown because they can’t swim. So it’s a good idea to learn to swim,

especially if you live in an area where floods happen.

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从B栏中选择与A栏相对应的选项。

A: If you

( )5. make a small cut on your finger,

( )6. burn your finger,

( )7. are given a cigarette by your friend,

( )8. go to meet with your "Internet friend",

( )9. get pimples when you are stressed,

( )10. see an old man fall down the stairs

B

D

C

F

A

E

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B: you should

  • drink lots of water and go to see a doctor.
  • B. cover it with a clean cloth and press it hard.
  • C. not take it and talk about the dangers of smoking with your friend.
  • D. put it under cold running water.
  • E. call the hospital first
  • F. meet him or her in a public place with the company of another person.
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完成句子

1. 尽管他知道吸烟的危害,但他无法戒掉。

Although he knows the ______ ______ ______, he still can’t give it up.

2. 父母应将药藏起来,远离孩子。

Parents should ______ the medicine ______ children.

答案:1. dangers of smoking

2. hide;from

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3. 如果有人摔下楼梯不能动,你怎么做?

What would you do ______ someone ______ ______ and wasn’t moving?

4. 如果我是你,我就拒绝他的邀请。

If I ______ ______, I ______ ______ his invitation.

答案:3. if;fell downstairs

4. were you;would refuse

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5. 有些人认为独自见网友是危险的。

Some people think it would be dangerous _______ _______ an “Internet friend”

_______ .

答案:5. to meet; alone