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Increasing Exercise Adherence t hrough Environmental Interventions. Environmental Influences on Eating & Physical Activity (French, Story, & Jeffrey, 2001). Consumption of daily fat doubled from 1909 to 1998. Added fats and oils in cooking increased 22% over the last decade
Refers to the people’s transactions with their physical and sociocultural environments (Sallis, et. al.,1996).
Major strategy (intervention) used by the government, cities, states, and nations to promote and increase physical activity in it’s citizens.
Most if not all the environmental interventions designed, developed, and delivered is based on the social ecological model.
Environments effect PA behavior in several ways:
a) promoting, or demanding action,
e.g., these environments are designed for activity such as, sports fields, gyms, health clubs, & YMCAs.
b) discouraging or prohibiting.
e.g., these environments are designed to restrict or prohibit activity such as classrooms, workplaces, theaters, offices, highways, and living rooms.
** The assumption is PA takes place in specific physical environments influences the amount and type of the activity.
All environmental interventions are directed toward creating supportive environments.
-The more supportive environments that can be designed, developed, and delivered results in a higher physical activity in the population.
- A supportive environments include settings, facilities, and programs.
- Setting are neighborhoods, schools, and worksites.
-Facilities are health clubs, cycling paths, parks, etc.
-Programs are aerobic classes, sport teams, supervised recreation, walking clubs or unsupervised activities they can do on their own.
Environmental interventions should be put in place before educational interventions are attempted.
- Media campaign to promote walking is irrelevant to people in cities where the side walks are not required and poorly maintained.
-Duluth major encouraging people to ride to work is irrelevant to the citizens because the highways and roads do not have bike lanes.
-UMD encourages the students to walk to school is irrelevant to the students because no one removes snow from their sidewalks in a timely manner.
Low crime rate in cities and neighborhoods
Increased opportunities for winter activities
Increase PA opportunities outside school
Substantial amount of PA takes place in organized sport or activity classes
Decrease time spent in sedentary behavior at home and school.
Cutback on mandatory physical education and physical education programs taught by untrained individuals, and PE programs that have little actual physical activity