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Tonsillitis. inflammation or swelling of the tonsils. The parts of the respiratory system that are affected are:. Adenoids - sits in the back of the nasal cavity and are above the roof of the mouth. lingual tonsils- located on the dorsal surface at the base of the tongue

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tonsillitis

Tonsillitis

inflammation or swelling of the tonsils.

slide2

The parts of the respiratory system that are affected are:

  • Adenoids-sits in the back of the nasal cavity and are above the roof of the mouth.
  • lingual tonsils- located on the dorsal surface at the base of the tongue
  • palatine tonsils- small mass of lymphoid tissue between the pillars of the fauces on either side of the pharynx.
slide3

The Cause

Tonsillitis is caused by a virus or bacteria and can pass through the air when an infected person breathes, coughs, or sneezes.

slide4

Treatments

  • Home Treatments
  • Gargling with warm salt water several times a day
  • Taking over-the-counter pain medicines like ibuprofen
  • Use vaporizer
  • Drink warm liquids
  • Surgical Treatments
  • Tonsillectomy- the surgery to remove tonsils
slide5

Pharmacology

  • Penicillin is used to fight bacteria in your body.
  • In mild cases of tonsillitis take ibuprofen or tylenol for inflammation
slide6

PROGRESSION

  • Symptoms
  • Fever
  • Bad breath
  • Nasal congestion and runny nose
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Red, swollen tonsils covered completely or in patches by pus
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Headache
  • Abdominal pain
  • Raw, bleeding patches on the tonsils
slide7

Recovery

  • Pain is most often in the throat, but it may also be located in the ears, jaw or neck.
  • Take medications, fluids, and get rest
  • But if the following occur call your doctor
  • Bleeding
  • Fever
  • Dehydration
  • Breathing problems

After Surgery

Before Surgery