Tonsillitis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Tonsillitis

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  1. Tonsillitis inflammation or swelling of the tonsils.

  2. The parts of the respiratory system that are affected are: • Adenoids-sits in the back of the nasal cavity and are above the roof of the mouth. • lingual tonsils- located on the dorsal surface at the base of the tongue • palatine tonsils- small mass of lymphoid tissue between the pillars of the fauces on either side of the pharynx.

  3. The Cause Tonsillitis is caused by a virus or bacteria and can pass through the air when an infected person breathes, coughs, or sneezes.

  4. Treatments • Home Treatments • Gargling with warm salt water several times a day • Taking over-the-counter pain medicines like ibuprofen • Use vaporizer • Drink warm liquids • Surgical Treatments • Tonsillectomy- the surgery to remove tonsils

  5. Pharmacology • Penicillin is used to fight bacteria in your body. • In mild cases of tonsillitis take ibuprofen or tylenol for inflammation

  6. PROGRESSION • Symptoms • Fever • Bad breath • Nasal congestion and runny nose • Swollen lymph nodes • Red, swollen tonsils covered completely or in patches by pus • Difficulty swallowing • Headache • Abdominal pain • Raw, bleeding patches on the tonsils

  7. Recovery • Pain is most often in the throat, but it may also be located in the ears, jaw or neck. • Take medications, fluids, and get rest • But if the following occur call your doctor • Bleeding • Fever • Dehydration • Breathing problems After Surgery Before Surgery