Tonsillitis By: Summer Lane & Latoya Keenon
What happens? Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the glands of the throat, which results in a sore throat. Tonsillitis can be caused by either viruses or bacteria. Most cases of tonsillitis go away without antibiotic medication.
What are the signs and symptoms • Sore throats. • Difficulty in swallowing. • Aches. • Increase in temperatures. • Chills. • Bad breath. • Swollen glands in neck. • Laryngitis. • Tonsils may be red, swollen, covered with white specks or a yellow or white coloured coating. • Lymph nodes in neck may become swollen and become painful when touched.
Who gets it? • Tonsillitis mainly affects children between ages 5 to 10 and in people who are exposed to Streptococcus bacteria and in people who have recurring upper respiratory infections.
Are there ways to prevent it? • Personal hygiene is very important, thus wash hands regularly. • Avoid contact with the people who have upper respiratory infections.
How is it diagnosed? • The health care provider will look in the mouth and throat for swollen tonsils. The tonsils are usually reddened and may have white spots on them. The lymph nodes in the jaw and neck may be swollen and tender to the touch.
How is it treated? • If the cause of the tonsillitis is bacteria such as strep, antibiotics are given to cure the infection. The antibiotics may be given once as a shot, or taken for 10 days by mouth. If antibiotic pills are used, they must be taken for the entire amount of time prescribed by the doctor. DO NOT stop taking them just because the discomfort stops, or the infection may not be cured. Rest to allow the body to heal. Fluids, especially warm (not hot), bland fluids or very cold fluids may soothe the throat. Gargle with warm salt water or suck on lozenges (containing benzocaine or similar ingredients) to reduce pain. Over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen may be used to reduce pain and fever. Do NOT give a child aspirin. Aspirin has been linked to Reye syndrome. Some people who have repeated infections may need surgery to remove the tonsils (tonsillectomy).
What is the prognosis? • Tonsillitis symptoms usually improve 2 or 3 days after treatment starts. The infection usually is cured after treatment is completed, but some people may need more than one course of antibiotics. • Complications of untreated strep tonsillitis may be severe. Children with tonsillitis related to strep throat or pharyngitis should generally be kept home from school or day care until they have been on antibiotics for 24 hours. This helps reduce the spread of illness.
Sources • https://health.google.com/health/ref/Tonsillitis • www.healthmango.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/tonsillitis.jpg&imgrefurl