Sodium By Rachel WebElements Periodic Table of the Elements
Physical Properties of Sodium • Sodium is a silvery-white color. • Sodium is attracted to magnetic fields. • Sodium is soft enough to be cut with a knife. • Sodium is a solid. • Sodium conducts electricity. • Sodium is metallic.
Crystalline Structure of Sodium • Sodium has a body-centered cubic crystal structure.
Sodium Facts • Symbol: Na • Atomic number: 11 • Atomic weight: 22.99 • Number of protons: 11 • Electrons: 11 • Neutrons: 12
More Sodium Facts • Sodium is in the s-block in the periodic table. • It’s in period 3 in the periodic table. • Sodium is in Group 1: Alkali metal. • The electron configuration of sodium is 1s22s22p63s1 .
Uses of Sodium • Sodium compounds are used in the following industries: • Paper industries • Glass industries • Soap industries • Textile industries • Petroleum chemical industries • Metal industries • Rubber industries
More Uses of Sodium • Sodium hydroxide gets grease out of the drains. • Sodium hydroxide is also needed for liquid soap. • Sodium is in yellow highway lights. • Sodium is used in baking soda. • Sodium is also used in table salt. • Sodium is used in antibiotics, rat poison, and in ceramics.
Where is Sodium Found? • Sodium is found in the core of massive stars, where it is the product of the fusion of carbon. • Most sodium on earth is found in the crust where it is found in compounds. • Sodium is too reactive to be found free in nature. • Sodium makes up about 2.6% of the earth’s crust, making it the sixth most abundant element on earth. • Sodium is the most abundant of the alkali metals.
Sodium Facts • Sodium reacts with ammonia, hydrogen, halogens, and alcohol. • Sodium reacts with water at room temperature and forms into a sphere if the piece of sodium is large enough. • The oxidation states of sodium is +1.
Sodium YouTube - Sodium Reacts with Liquid Water • Sodium acts to maintain the normal hydration state of the bodily fluids. • Sodium was isolated in 1807 by Sir Humphrey Davy.