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PREPARING FOR TERRORISM . By Al Mozingo FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency. Are You Ready? ? A Guide to Citizen Preparedness. The Most Reliable Hazard Awareness and Emergency Education Information Available. This Guide Focus on the Physical Hazards.

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preparing for terrorism

By Al Mozingo

fema federal emergency management agency
FEMAFederal Emergency Management Agency

Are You Ready?


A Guide to Citizen Preparedness

this guide focus on the physical hazards
This Guide Focus on the Physical Hazards

There are also emotional effects when under stress:






terrorist targets
Terrorist Targets
  • Military Facilities
  • Government Facilities
  • Large Cities
  • International Airports
  • Public Gatherings
  • High-Profile Landmarks
creating fear through
Creating Fear Through
  • Explosives
  • Chemical
  • Biological
  • Nuclear
preparing for terrorism8
Preparing For Terrorism

1. Be Aware of Your Surroundings

2. Report to the Police Unusual Behavior,

Suspicious Packages, and Strange Devices

3. Leave an Area if it Does Not Seem Right

preparing for terrorism9
Preparing For Terrorism

4. Be Aware of Exits - Plan to Get Out!

5. Learn First Aid & Get a First Aid Kit

6. Be Familiar With Fire Extinguishers

preparing for an explosion
Preparing for an Explosion
  • Know Evacuation Procedures
  • Keep Fire Extinguisher in Working Order
  • Keep Flashlights, Radio (extra batteries), First Aid Kits available
bomb threat
Bomb Threat
  • Get as Much Information as Possible
  • Notify the Police and Building Management
  • Do Not Touch Any Suspicious Packages
  • Clear the Area: Stay Away from Glass Windows and Door
  • Do Not Block Exits, Sidewalks, or Streets
suspicious packages and letters
Suspicious Packages and Letters
  • Unexpected from Someone Unfamiliar
  • No Return Address on It
  • Marked with “Personal” or “Confidential”
  • Strange Odors or Stains
  • Protruding Wires or Aluminum Foil
  • Unusual Weight, Lopsided or Oddly Shaped
  • Inappropriate or Unusual Labeling
possible biological or chemical agent
Possible Biological or Chemical Agent
  • Put the Package or Envelope in a Plastic Bag or Cover it in Some Way
  • Leave the Area
  • Wash Hands with Soap and Water
  • Report the Incident & Notify Police
  • Develop a List of People Exposed to the Product
what to do if there is an explosion
What to Do if there is an Explosion
  • Leave the Area / Building
  • If there is a Fire:
    • Stay Low
    • Exit Quickly
    • Cover Your Nose and Mouth
  • If Trapped:
    • Tap on a Pipe
    • Use a Whistle if Available
chemical and biological weapons biological agents
  • Organisms or Toxins that Can Kill or Incapacitate People
  • Biological Agents are:
    • Bacteria
    • Viruses
    • Toxins


preparing for a chemical or biological attack
Preparing for a Chemical or Biological Attack
  • Disaster Supply Kit & First Aid
  • Radio & Batteries
  • Food & Water
  • Duct Tape & Scissors
  • Plastic Sheeting
  • Soap, Water & Bleach
what to do during a chemical or biological attack
What To Do During a Chemical or Biological Attack

1. Listen to Your Radio

2. If Remaining at Home Turn Off HVAC

3. Seal a Room (10 Sq. Ft./Person = 5 Hours)

4. If Caught Outside:

  • Get Up Wind
  • Find a Shelter
  • Listen to Your Radio
symptoms of exposure to chemicals
Symptoms of Exposure to Chemicals
  • Blurred Vision
  • Eye Irritation
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Nausea

1. Remove all Clothing (Put in a Plastic Bag)

2. Wash with Soap and Water

3. Remove Contact Lenses

4. Flush Eyes with Lots of Water

5. Wash Face and Hair

6. Change Into Uncontaminated Clothes

7. Proceed to a Medical Facility

nuclear and radiological attack
Nuclear and Radiological Attack

Nuclear Explosion

Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD)

“Dirty Bomb”

what to do if a nuclear attack occurs
What To Do If A Nuclear Attack Occurs
  • Find a Shelter
  • Listen to the Radio
  • Fallout Could be Present for Up To 1 Month and Wind Will Carry it Hundreds of Miles from the Center (80% - 1 Day / 99% - 2 weeks)
  • Evacuate to an Unaffected Area Within a Few Days
  • Water and Food May be Scarce
homeland security advisory system
Homeland Security Advisory System

Severe - Red

High - Orange

Elevated - Yellow

Guarded - Blue

Low - Green

low condition
Low Condition

Low Risk of Terrorist Attack

  • Develop a Disaster Plan
  • Assemble a Disaster Kit
guarded condition
Guarded Condition

A General Risk of Terrorist Attack

  • Hold a Household Meeting
  • Develop a Communication Plan
  • Apartment Residents - Discuss with Building Manager Steps to Be Taken
  • Discuss with People any Special Needs
elevated condition
Elevated Condition

A Significant Risk of Terrorist Attack

  • Be Observant of Any Suspicious Activity and Report to the Authorities
  • Discuss Plans with Neighbors
  • Check with School Officials - Procedure to Reunite Children
high condition
High Condition

A High Risk of Terrorist Attack

  • Review Preparedness Measures Including Evacuation and Sheltering
  • Avoid High Profile or Symbolic Locations
  • Exercise Caution when Traveling
severe condition
Severe Condition

A Severe Risk of Terrorist Attack

  • Avoid Public Gathering Places
  • Follow Official Instructions About Restrictions to Normal Activities
  • Listen to the Radio and TV for Advisories
  • Prepare to Evacuate or Shelter-in-Place