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PREPARING FOR TERRORISM . By Al Mozingo FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency. Are You Ready? ? A Guide to Citizen Preparedness. The Most Reliable Hazard Awareness and Emergency Education Information Available. This Guide Focus on the Physical Hazards.

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By Al Mozingo

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FEMAFederal Emergency Management Agency

Are You Ready?


A Guide to Citizen Preparedness

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This Guide Focus on the Information AvailablePhysical Hazards

There are also emotional effects when under stress:






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Terrorist Targets Information Available

  • Military Facilities

  • Government Facilities

  • Large Cities

  • International Airports

  • Public Gatherings

  • High-Profile Landmarks

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Creating Fear Through Information Available

  • Explosives

  • Chemical

  • Biological

  • Nuclear

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Preparing For Terrorism Information Available

1. Be Aware of Your Surroundings

2. Report to the Police Unusual Behavior,

Suspicious Packages, and Strange Devices

3. Leave an Area if it Does Not Seem Right

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Preparing For Terrorism Information Available

4. Be Aware of Exits - Plan to Get Out!

5. Learn First Aid & Get a First Aid Kit

6. Be Familiar With Fire Extinguishers

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Preparing for an Explosion Information Available

  • Know Evacuation Procedures

  • Keep Fire Extinguisher in Working Order

  • Keep Flashlights, Radio (extra batteries), First Aid Kits available

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Bomb Threat Information Available

  • Get as Much Information as Possible

  • Notify the Police and Building Management

  • Do Not Touch Any Suspicious Packages

  • Clear the Area: Stay Away from Glass Windows and Door

  • Do Not Block Exits, Sidewalks, or Streets

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Suspicious Packages and Letters Information Available

  • Unexpected from Someone Unfamiliar

  • No Return Address on It

  • Marked with “Personal” or “Confidential”

  • Strange Odors or Stains

  • Protruding Wires or Aluminum Foil

  • Unusual Weight, Lopsided or Oddly Shaped

  • Inappropriate or Unusual Labeling

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Possible Biological or Chemical Agent Information Available

  • Put the Package or Envelope in a Plastic Bag or Cover it in Some Way

  • Leave the Area

  • Wash Hands with Soap and Water

  • Report the Incident & Notify Police

  • Develop a List of People Exposed to the Product

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What to Do if there is an Explosion Information Available

  • Leave the Area / Building

  • If there is a Fire:

    • Stay Low

    • Exit Quickly

    • Cover Your Nose and Mouth

  • If Trapped:

    • Tap on a Pipe

    • Use a Whistle if Available

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CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS Information AvailableBiological Agents

  • Organisms or Toxins that Can Kill or Incapacitate People

  • Biological Agents are:

    • Bacteria

    • Viruses

    • Toxins


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Preparing for a Chemical or Biological Attack Information Available

  • Disaster Supply Kit & First Aid

  • Radio & Batteries

  • Food & Water

  • Duct Tape & Scissors

  • Plastic Sheeting

  • Soap, Water & Bleach

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What To Do During a Information AvailableChemical or Biological Attack

1. Listen to Your Radio

2. If Remaining at Home Turn Off HVAC

3. Seal a Room (10 Sq. Ft./Person = 5 Hours)

4. If Caught Outside:

  • Get Up Wind

  • Find a Shelter

  • Listen to Your Radio

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Symptoms of Exposure to Chemicals Information Available

  • Blurred Vision

  • Eye Irritation

  • Difficulty Breathing

  • Nausea

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Decontamination Information Available

1. Remove all Clothing (Put in a Plastic Bag)

2. Wash with Soap and Water

3. Remove Contact Lenses

4. Flush Eyes with Lots of Water

5. Wash Face and Hair

6. Change Into Uncontaminated Clothes

7. Proceed to a Medical Facility

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Nuclear and Radiological Attack Information Available

Nuclear Explosion

Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD)

“Dirty Bomb”

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What To Do If Information AvailableA Nuclear Attack Occurs

  • Find a Shelter

  • Listen to the Radio

  • Fallout Could be Present for Up To 1 Month and Wind Will Carry it Hundreds of Miles from the Center (80% - 1 Day / 99% - 2 weeks)

  • Evacuate to an Unaffected Area Within a Few Days

  • Water and Food May be Scarce

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Homeland Security Information Available Advisory System

Severe - Red

High - Orange

Elevated - Yellow

Guarded - Blue

Low - Green

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Low Condition Information Available

Low Risk of Terrorist Attack

  • Develop a Disaster Plan

  • Assemble a Disaster Kit

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Guarded Condition Information Available

A General Risk of Terrorist Attack

  • Hold a Household Meeting

  • Develop a Communication Plan

  • Apartment Residents - Discuss with Building Manager Steps to Be Taken

  • Discuss with People any Special Needs

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Elevated Condition Information Available

A Significant Risk of Terrorist Attack

  • Be Observant of Any Suspicious Activity and Report to the Authorities

  • Discuss Plans with Neighbors

  • Check with School Officials - Procedure to Reunite Children

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High Condition Information Available

A High Risk of Terrorist Attack

  • Review Preparedness Measures Including Evacuation and Sheltering

  • Avoid High Profile or Symbolic Locations

  • Exercise Caution when Traveling

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Severe Condition Information Available

A Severe Risk of Terrorist Attack

  • Avoid Public Gathering Places

  • Follow Official Instructions About Restrictions to Normal Activities

  • Listen to the Radio and TV for Advisories

  • Prepare to Evacuate or Shelter-in-Place

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The End Information Available