Middle Colonies “The Restoration Colonies”. Ethnically diverse group. New Era in Colonization Why are the Middle Colonies called the Restoration Colonies?. Parliament wins the Civil war in England So…Oliver Cromwell creates a new government and throws out the King = NO MORE KING But then…
Ethnically diverse group
The Middle Colonies
both religious and secular leaders
Penn & Native Americans
Sumptuary means to intend to regulate personal habits on moral or religious grounds.
A society that gave its citizens economic opportunity, civil liberty, & religious freedom!!
- (Middle) -
Dutch were 1st colonists of the middle colonies
Henry Hudson established New World claims for the Dutch in what would become the New York area, and for the English in northern Canada.
Company town run in interests of the stockholders.
No interest in religious toleration, free speech, or democracy.
Governors appointed by the Company were autocratic (self-appointed).
Religious dissenters against Dutch Reformed Church [including Quakers] were persecuted.
Local assembly with limited power to make laws established after repeated protests by colonists.
King Charles II ordered the takeover of New Amsterdam in 1664.
A small English fleet took the city without a fight from the Dutch governor, Peter Stuyvesant.
The colony became a proprietary colony under the king’s brother (James, Duke of York).
The colony and city were renamed “New York” in honor of the Duke.English Takeover of New Amsterdam
What is a royal colony?
Colony under direct control of the king
Early 20c Dutch Revival Building in NYC.
New York Cityseal.
Names Harlem, Brooklyn
Architecture gambrel roof
Customs Easter eggs, Santa Claus, waffles, bowling, sleighing, skating, kolf [golf].
Named after Lord De La Warr [harsh military governor of VA in 1610].
Closely associated with Penn’s colony.
Very diverse group of people (religiously and culturally)
1703 granted its own assembly.
Remained under the control of PA until the American Revolution.
De La Warr convinced the settlers of Jamestown not to give up and go back to England after the Powhatan War.
Who settled in the Middle Colonies?
Dutch and English