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The Middle Colonies. Chapter 4, Section 2. Why did the colony of New Netherland become the colony of New York? Why did New Jersey separate from New York? How was Pennsylvania founded? What was life like in the Middle Colonies?. New Netherland Became New York. Chapter 4, Section 2.

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the middle colonies
The Middle Colonies

Chapter 4, Section 2

  • Why did the colony of New Netherland become the colony of New York?
  • Why did New Jersey separate from New York?
  • How was Pennsylvania founded?
  • What was life like in the Middle Colonies?
new netherland became new york
New Netherland Became New York

Chapter 4, Section 2

1626 and on

  • The Dutch set up the colony of New Netherland. Settlers traded in furs. New Amsterdam became a thriving port.
  • To encourage farming, Dutch officials granted huge estates to a few rich families. Owners of the estates were called patroons.
  • People from different religious groups flocked to New Netherland because of its religious tolerance. The colony grew.
  • Rivalry for trade and colonies increased between England and the Netherlands. The governor of New Netherland, Peter Stuyvesant, swore to defend his colony.
  • Stuyvesant was unpopular because of his harsh rule and heavy taxes. When English warships entered the harbor, the colonists refused to help the governor. The English took over without a shot.

1664

  • The king of England gave New Netherland to the Duke of York. New Netherland became New York.
new jersey separated from new york
New Jersey Separated From New York

Chapter 4, Section 2

  • The Duke of York thought that New York was too big to govern easily.
  • He gave up some land to friends. They set up a new colony, New Jersey, which was a proprietary colony. In a proprietary colony, the king gave land to one or more people. These proprietors could divide the land and make laws for it.
  • Settlers came from many countries.
  • In 1702, New Jersey became a royal colony, which is a colony under the direct control of the English crown.
william penn founded pennsylvania
William Penn Founded Pennsylvania

Chapter 4, Section 2

  • In England, William Penn joined the Quakers, a religious group that believed that all people were equal in God’s sight. Quakers were against war.
  • Quakers were arrested, fined, or even hanged for their ideas.
  • Penn believed the Quakers must leave England. He turned to the king for help.
  • The king issued a royal charter naming Penn proprietor of a new colony, later called Pennsylvania.
  • Penn called for fair treatment of Native Americans.
  • Penn welcomed settlers of different faiths and people from many countries, including Germany. Other colonists called the Germans Pennsylvania Dutch, from the word “Deutsch,” which means German.
features of life in the middle colonies
Features of Life in the Middle Colonies

Chapter 4, Section 2

  • Cash crops—crops that are sold for money at market
  • Large farms
  • Skilled artisans
  • Homes far apart
  • Settlers from many different countries
  • Many styles of building
  • Coastal area plus the backcountry
section 2 assessment
Section 2 Assessment

Chapter 4, Section 2

The colonies of New York and Pennsylvania were both settled by

a) the Dutch.

b) Puritans.

c) people of many different religious backgrounds.

d) friends of the Duke of York.

Which description does NOT fit the Middle Colonies?

a) large farms with fields of grain planted in rich, fertile soil

b) settlers of many different religious backgrounds

c) settlers from many different countries

d) pumpkins and squash grown in poor, rocky soil on small farms

Want to connect to the American History link for this section? Click here.

section 2 assessment7
Section 2 Assessment

Chapter 4, Section 2

The colonies of New York and Pennsylvania were both settled by

a) the Dutch.

b) Puritans.

c) people of many different religious backgrounds.

d) friends of the Duke of York.

Which description does NOT fit the Middle Colonies?

a) large farms with fields of grain planted in rich, fertile soil

b) settlers of many different religious backgrounds

c) settlers from many different countries

d) pumpkins and squash grown in poor, rocky soil on small farms

Want to connect to the American History link for this section? Click here.