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Georgia’s Government and Its Citizens. Today’s Agenda. Open: Rights and Responsibility Discussion Work ~ PowerPoint Notes Session: ~ Gradecam Reading Check Close: Small Group EQ Discussion. Standard.

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Presentation Transcript
today s agenda
Today’s Agenda

Open: Rights and Responsibility Discussion

Work ~ PowerPoint Notes

Session: ~ Gradecam Reading Check

Close: Small Group EQ Discussion

standard
Standard

SS8CG1 The student will describe the role of citizens under Georgia's constitution.

  • Explain the basic structure of the Georgia state constitution.
  • Explain the concepts of separation of powers and checks and balances.
  • Describe the rights and responsibilities of citizens.
  • Explain voting qualifications and elections in Georgia.
  • Explain the role of political parties in government.
essential question
Essential Question

How did the new government assure citizens that it would not impose the oppression of the past monarchy?

What is the basic structure of Georgia’s Constitution and how does it protect the separation of powers?

What are the rights of American citizens and what responsibilities accompany these basic rights of citizenship?

What are the qualifications to vote in Georgia?

slide5
Open

“Let’s Activate Our Prior Knowledge”

With your group:

  • Discuss your rights as a citizen. Decide

on one to share with the class.

2) Discuss your responsibilities as a

citizen. Decide on one to share with

the class.

what are the 3 branches of the u s government
What Are The 3 Branches of The U.S. Government

House of Representatives

Senate

U.S. Supreme Court

Legislature

Executive

Judicial

President

Remember to spell “JEL”

what are the 3 branches of our state government
What Are The 3 Branches of Our State Government

Judicial Branch

Supreme Court of Georgia

Executive Branch

Governor and Lieutenant Governor

Legislative Branch

Georgia General

Assembly

Senate

House of

Representatives

separation of powers
Separation of Powers

Executive: Governor and Lieutenant Governor

Branch (enforce laws: cops)

Legislative: Georgia’s General Assembly

Branch (make laws: Senate & House of

Representatives)

Judicial: Supreme Court of Georgia

Branch (interpret laws: can rule laws

unconstitutional)

**Each Branch Has Its Own Powers**

what is a bill
What Is A “Bill”?

A draft of a proposed law presented to Congress for their review and vote of approval of disapproval

If the bill is approved it can become a law.

how does the system of check and balances work
How Does The System Of Check And Balances Work?

The General Assembly passes the law, but the governor can veto the bill.

If the governor vetoes the bill, the bill can still become law with enough votes from the General Assembly.

If the Supreme Court determines that

the law is unconstitutional then the law

is null and void.

**No One Branch Is Stronger Than Another**

what are our rights as citizens of georgia
What Are Our Rights As Citizens Of Georgia?

fishing and hunting

life, liberty, and property freedom of religion

equal protection under the law don’t have to testify against yourself

freedom of speech and the press no excessive bails or fines

right to keep and bear arms no cruel and unusual punishment

right to assemble and petition no banishment or whipping as punishment

right to jury trial right to counsel and to know and have witnesses

protected against unlawful searches and seizures

we know that our rights and freedoms are protected but what are our responsibilities as citizens
We Know That Our Rights And Freedoms Are Protected. But What Are Our Responsibilities As Citizens?
  • Your religious practices must obey laws and cannot harm others

2) Gun owners must obey gun laws

3) You must testify if called to do so by the courts

4) You may be sued if your words harm others

**As a citizen, you should always vote**

what are the qualifications to vote in the state of georgia
What are the qualifications to vote in the state of Georgia?
  • You must be a citizen of the United States.
  • You must be 18 years old.
  • You must also be a resident of Georgia and must live in the county where you will vote.
  • You cannot currently be serving time in jail for a felony.
  • You cannot be ruled mentally

incompetent.

types of elections
Types Of Elections

Primary Election: select candidates who will represent a political party

(all from same party)

General Election: candidates from different parties run against each

other for a government position

Special Election: held between general elections to fill a vacancy

Run-off Election: if no one candidate receives 50% of the vote, the

top 2 candidates face off in another election

Referendum: all voters vote on a single political

question

what are the two main political parties in georgia and the united states
What Are The Two Main Political Parties In Georgia And The United States?

___________ and _____________

What Are The Role Of Political Parties (PPs)?

  • People join PPs because they share similar ideas
  • Voters do not have to join PPs
  • Most candidates belong to PPs
  • PPs allow voters to know what ideas candidates

stand for

  • Candidates try to make their PPs ideas part of

our country’s laws

Democratic

Republican

gradecam readings
Gradecam Readings
  • Read each of the 3 sections in your

reading packet

2) Answer the questions at the end of each section by bubbling in correct answers on your Gradecam sheet (1-12)

3) When finished, scan your sheet under the Elmo to obtain your grade

close
Close

Discuss EQs with your group. Be prepared to share answers with the class.

(G1) How did the new government assure citizens that it would

not impose the oppression of the past monarchy?

(G2) What is the basic structure of Georgia’s Constitution?

(G3) How Georgia’s Constitution protect the separation of powers?

(G4) What are the rights of American citizens?

(G5) What responsibilities accompany these basic

rights of citizenship?

(G6) What are the qualifications to vote in Georgia?

Hail to the Chief