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Violence against parents: family dynamics and keys for the intervention. Paris, 27th November 2010. Some facts. Violence against parents: an emergent phenomenon Numbers (I). About the increase of judicial complaints:. Violence against parents judicial complaints in Spain (*).

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violence against parents family dynamics and keys for the intervention

Violence against parents:family dynamics and keys for the intervention

Paris, 27th November 2010

violence against parents an emergent phenomenon numbers i
Violence against parents: an emergent phenomenonNumbers (I)

About the increase of judicial complaints:

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

violence against parents judicial complaints in spain
Violence against parents judicial complaints in Spain(*)

(*)Source: El Correo (19/05/2008)

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

slide5
Adolescence Violence against parents:Contextual and personal characteristicsCalvete, E., Orúe, I. y Sampedro, R. (2009). En Prensa
  • Longitudinal studies.
  • 1.477 adolescent sample between 12 and 17 years old.
  • 7,2% has attacked their parents once at least.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

relationship between women attacked and their aggressors
Relationship between women attacked and their aggressors

Servicio de Atención Telefónica para Mujeres Víctimas de Violencia Masculina Doméstica

Gobierno Vasco - Agintzari

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

definition
Definition

Physical violence (aggressions, pushes, throwing objects) or verbal violence (repetitive insults, menaces) o non verbal violence (aggression menaces, broking appreciate objects), make them repetitive against parents or their tutors.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

violence against parents types
Violence against parents types
  • Traditional VAP: problem add to another big one.
  • New VAP: the VAP as the main problem

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

traditional violence against parents
“Traditional” violence against parents
  • Autism or serious mental deficiency.
  • Mental disorders: delirious or hallucinations.
  • Mental disorders related with drug-addition.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

traditional violence against parents1
“Traditional” violence against parents
  • Adolescents that defence themselves being victims of abuse.
  • Violence used as a way of protection.
  • Retaliation: child abused or abandoned that return the treatment when the roles change.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

new violence i
“New” Violence (I)
  • It’s a new intra-family violence model, in one hand related with the “control” and “power” and in the other, with the obtaining of objectives.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

new violence ii
“New” Violence (II)
  • Children, adolescents and young people, visibly “settled down”, with more or less violence behaviour extended, but often reduce to the family surrounding.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

new violence iii
“New” Violence (III)
  • Often Drug-taking. But these consumes don’t appear in the “centre” of the problem, “additional” problem or “facilitator” of the violence.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

new violence iv
“New” Violence (IV)
  • Violence in “scale”: it starts with insults, continues with menaces and breaking objects and finishes with physical aggressions more and more serious.
  • This process could take years.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

general facts i
General facts (I)
  • Prevalence: very different numbers and little credible (from 0,6 to 16 %)
  • Age: often old parents
  • Social level: from every socio-economical level
  • Gender:
    • Aggressor: inter-gender similar probability
    • Attacked: mothers have more probabilities

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

social changes i
Social changes (I)
  • Educational model change:
    • From authoritarianism to permissiveness.
    • From a hierarchic model (authoritarian) to a “democratic” bad understood model.
    • In family and school.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

social changes ii
Social changes (II)
  • Educative conflicts between parents and teachers

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

social changes iii
Social changes (III)
  •  in the number of children.
  •  in the number of hours that parents stay at home: “key children”.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

social changes iv
Social changes (IV)
  • Changes in family models: Nuclear family < 50 %

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

social changes v
Social changes (V)
  • Changes in the family cycle: delay in the medium age of paternity

“Aged parents”

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

social changes vi
Social changes (VI)
  • More permissive society with aggressive behaviour from children and less from the parents.
  •  in the violent messages in de Media.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

pseudo independence
Pseudo-independence
  • These things make that parents authority decreased.
  • Many children accede to a pseudo-independence: their parents have abdicated in their roles and have to get in charge of their lives without an effective detachment.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

lack of de legitimacy
Lack of de Legitimacy
  • Children have more power ,and in some occasion have all the power: despotic children.
  • However, they have not legitimacy to exercise power: to conserve it, they have to use violence.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

educative styles ii
Educative styles (II)
  • Gallagher (2004) correlates VAP with two educative styles:
    • Permissive-liberal
    • Authoritarian violent

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

educative styles iiia
Educative styles (IIIa)
  • Authoritarian-violent style

More related with traditional VAP

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

educative styles iiib
Educative styles (IIIb)
  • Multi-violent families

Violence as a conflict resolution method.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

educative styles iiic
Educative styles (IIIc)
  • Any rebelliousness is punished with increase of the punishment, menaces, humiliations y violence.
  • Authoritarianism is not negotiable and it is exercise in a rigid and inflexible way.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

educative styles iiid
Educative styles (IIId)
  • VAP appears as:
    • Defensive
    • Protection
    • Retaliation
    • In “mirror”
    • Linked to serious psychopathology

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

educative styles iva
Educative styles (IVa)
  • Permissive-liberal style

(or punitive non strict)

More related with the New VAP

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

educative styles ivb
Educative styles (IVb)
  • Rules not clear.
  • Children are often over-protected: they receive everything, without counterparts.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

educative styles ivc
Educative styles (IVc)
  • Generates despotic children.
  • Low self-esteem.
  • Low level of frustration.
  • Low empathy.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

educative styles va
Educative styles (Va)

negligent style

Related with both types of VAP

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

educative styles vb
Educative styles (Vb)
  • Parents have abdicated from their role.
  • Absent of rules.
  • Pseudo-independence and parentalización of children.
  • VAP as an imposition or to refuse the role settled.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents ia
Factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents (Ia)
  • Family experience to solve conflicts using violence.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents ib
Factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents (Ib)
  • General violence: everybody against everybody.
  • Impasse   Tension

 Tension  Violence

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents ii
Factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents (II)
  • Non normative parents “democratic”, excessively permissive, that love their children whatever they do.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents iii
Factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents (III)

Over-protective parents because different reasons: very wished child, late, fragile o adopted, well-disposed to satisfy every wish of their children.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents iv
Factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents (IV)

Parents in-satisfied with their role or verbalizations about their lives are empty.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents va
Factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents (Va)
  • Conflictive relationship between parents.

  • Mutual des-qualifications

  • Triangulation

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents vb
Factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents (Vb)
  • In-consistence and disagree between parents about the children education.
  • Arbitrariness in child punishments.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents vii
Factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents (VII)
  • Hierarchy problems:

parents that renounce their roles and refuse to establish rules.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents viii
Factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents (VIII)
  • Peace and family harmony myth.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents ix
Factors that favour the apparition of the violence against parents (IX)

“Passionate” relationship, “fusional” between one of the parents and the adolescent.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

malfunction areas
Malfunction Areas

Three areas:

  • Hierarchical organisation and establishment of rules.
  • Protection and secret.
  • Separation and fusion.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

family types i
Family types I
  • Mono-parental families with parent-child fusional relationship.
  • Families with deep disagrees between the couple:
    • Triangulation.
  • Multi-violence families.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

family types ii
Family Types II
  • Almost in every family appears the fusion with one of the parents, previous to the appearance of the violence, with the other peripheral parent, absent or in-existent.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

process that causes the violence i
Process that causes the violence I

Conflict / distance between parents

Introduction of the child in the conflict

Triangulation

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

process that causes the violence ii
Process that causes the violence II

It doesn’t produces the treachery to the triangulated child

Fusional relationship with the allied parent

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

process that causes the violence iii
Process that causes the violence III

Difficulties for separation and autonomy

Conflict between fusional relationship and the wish of autonomy

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

process that causes the violence iv
Process that causes the violence IV

Appearance of the violence as desperate solution to move away

Seeing the secondary benefits in the violent behaviour that perpetuate the conflict.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

fusional relationship
Fusional relationship
  • Wished for both parts
  • Need of support, company, comfort
  • Privileged relationship, intimacy, satisfaction
  • Till the relationship finish itself

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

violence behaviour bloom iv
Violence behaviour bloom IV

The violent episode as a primitive mechanism of keep away and separation

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

protocol intervention
Protocol intervention
  • Complex intervention
  • The protocol:
    • Favours an well arranged intervention, that facilitates the necessary contention and setting.
    • Defines clearly objectives and steps.
    • Maintains a coherent line of intervention.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

therapeutic intervention
Therapeutic intervention
  • Starting always with a family intervention
  • Later:

Interventions with other subsistems: couple, sibling or another combinations or individual interventions

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

inclusion criteria
Inclusion Criteria
  • Families with children at any age.
  • Protection or refuge institutions for child and young people.
  • That practice reiteratively physical violence behaviour or non verbal violence against parents or tutors.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

exclusion criteria
Exclusion Criteria
  • Isolated violence
  • Violence that happens in less conscience situations: intoxications, mental disorder of the course or the content of thinking, autism or mental deficiency, that doesn’t repeats when the mental disorder or the intoxication diminishes.

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF

objetives
OBJETIVES
  • Stop the violence behaviour
  • Promote changes in the family process and structure to prevent its reappearance

Roberto Pereira. Director EVNTF