CMOS AMPLIFIERS. Simple Inverting Amplifier Differential Amplifiers Cascode Amplifier Output Amplifiers Summary. Simple Inverting Amplifiers. Small Signal Characteristics. Inverter with diode connection load. How do you get better matching?. High gain inverters.

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CMOS AMPLIFIERS

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Current source load or push-pull • Refer to book for large signal analysis • Must match quiescent currents in PMOS and NMOS transistors • Wider output swing, especially push-pull • Much higher gain (at DC), but much lower -3dB frequency (vs diode load) • About the same GB • Very power dependent

When u(s) = 0, y(s) satisfies: These dynamics are the characteristic dynamics of the system. The roots of the coefficient polynomial are the poles of the system. When y(s) = 0, u(s) satisfies: These dynamics are the zero dynamics of the system. The roots of the coefficient polynomial are the zeros of the system.

Poles of CMOS Inverters Let vin = 0, x = 0, VDD = 0, VSS = 0. CGS1, CGS2, CBS1, CBS2 are all short y CGD1, CGD2, CBD1, CBD2, CL in parallel C’L = Ctotal = CGD1+ CGD2+ CBD1+ CBD2+ CL

Zeros of CMOS Inverters Let vin = x = u, VDD = 0, VSS = 0. CGD1, CGD2, are in parallel, CBD1, CBD2, CL are all short gds1, gds2 also short No current in them KCL: Zero is:

Zeros of CMOS CS Load Amp Let vin = u, X=0, VDD = 0, VSS = 0. CGS2, CGD2, CBD1, CBD2, CL are all short gds1, gds2 also short No current in them KCL: Zero is:

-1 Final settling determined by A0 need high gain Settling speed determined by A0p1=GB=UGF, need high gain bandwidth product

Gain bandwidth product C’L = Ctotal = CGD1+ CGD2+ CBD1+ CBD2+ CL When CL≈ C’L, W↑GB↑, but it saturates, when

Note: If VEB1 and VEB2 are fixed, W1/L1 and W2/L2 must be adjusted proportionally, and they are proportional to DC power.

Therefore: P is proportional to W1, W2 CL constant, but C(W1,W2) proportional to W1, W2 When C(W1, W2) << CL, GB proportional to P When C(W1,W2)CL or >CL, GB saturates

SLEW RATE: the limit of the rate of change of the output voltage C’Ldvo/dt=i4-i2 Max |CLdvo/dt|=ISS ISS ISS Slew Rate = ISS/C’L 0 ISS Output swing: Vosw GB frequency: fGB vo(t)=Voswsin(2pfGBt) Max dvo/dt =Vosw2pfGB To avoid slewing: ISS > C’L Vosw2pfGB

Parasitic Capacitances CT: common mode only CM: mirror cap = Cdg1 + Cdb1 + Cgs3 + Cgs4 + Cdb3 COUT = output cap = Cbd4 + Cbd2 + Cgd2 + CL