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Asthma . Kristen Bozza Shea Stearney. General description of the pathology. Airflow is limited by bronchocontstriction , causing shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. There is allergy induced asthma and exercise induced asthma. Exercise-induced asthma.

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Asthma

Asthma

Kristen BozzaShea Stearney


General description of the pathology
General description of the pathology

  • Airflow is limited by bronchocontstriction, causing shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. There is allergy induced asthma and exercise induced asthma.


Exercise induced asthma
Exercise-induced asthma

  • Exercise-induced asthma occurs when the airways tighten and cause asthmatic systems as a result of exercise. Exercise-induced asthma can be prevented if prescribed medication is taken before exercising.


P arts of the respiratory system affected by asthma
parts of the respiratory system affected by asthma

  • During an asthma attack, the muscles around the bronchioles constrict, which prohibits the air in the alveoli to be released; thus, the lungs become over inflated.


Triggers causes for an asthma attack
Triggers/causes for an asthma attack

  • Animals (pet hair or dander)

  • Dust

  • Changes in weather (most often cold weather)

  • Chemicals in the air or in food

  • Exercise

  • Mold

  • Pollen

  • Respiratory infections, like a cold

  • Strong emotions (stress)

  • Tobacco smoke


Symptoms of the condition
Symptoms of the condition

  • There is a cough with or without phlegm production

  • Pulling in of the skin between the ribs when breathing

  • Shortness of breath that gets worse with exercise or activity

  • Chest tightness or pain

  • Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of

    breath, coughing or wheezing

  • An audible whistling or wheezing

    sound when exhaling


Treatments
Treatments

  • Medicine for long-term control:- inhaled corticosteroids- leukotriene modifiers (oral medication)- long-acting beta agonists- combination inhalers- theophylline

  • Quick relief medicine:- short-acting beta agonists- ipratroprium (atrovent)- oral and intravenous corticosteroids


Prognosis
Prognosis

  • Most people do not die from having asthma, but more severe cases of asthma may rarely lead to death. About 5,000 people die each year from an asthma related death.