Thomas Thongmee El Salvador
Location of El Salvador within Central America http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:LocationElSalvador.svg
Population Facts • 7.2 million with 1.7% growth rate (2009 est.). • 90% of Mestizo background, 9% white, 1% Indian • Spanish is official language, spoken by all people • Age Distribution • 30.6% are 14 and under • 63% are 15-64 • 6.4% are 65 and over http://tfw.cachefly.net/snm/images/nm
Economic Facts • 7.2% unemployed • 1% of total income from lowest 10% • 37% of total income from largest 10% • GINI coefficient of 52.4%, 10th among Latin American Countries and 17th in the world • GDP has shrunk by -0.4 % since 2008
Industries • Food and Beverage Processing • Manufacturing for export • Petroleum • Production of petroleum products for export • Textiles • Production of consumer goods with textiles
Government • Gained independence from Spain on September 15, 1821 • Republic • A system in which the representatives elected by the people make and enforce laws and policies.
Historical Information • Gained independence from Spain in 1821, and became fully independent from other Central American states in 1838 • Military coup d'état in 1931 against President Araujo, leading to brutal rule of President Martinez • 1979 coup d'état led to bloody, 12-year civil war between U.S. backed El Salvador and leftist rebel groups.
Mauricio Funes • Current president of El Salvador • Only second left-leaning president to be elected • Former journalist • Has implemented social reforms designed to combat poverty • Criticized for lack of plan to fight criminal activity. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mauricio_Funes_(Brasilia,_May_2008).jpg
Current Issues • High crime rates are an issue within El Salvador, with much of the crime gang-related. • Natural disasters such as volcanoes, earthquakes and hurricanes can be very damaging to the infrastructure and economy of El Salvador • Economy suffered downturn with global recession, and is slowly recovering today.
Catholicism in El Salvador • 75% of the Salvadorean population is Roman Catholic • Members of Catholicism have had major impacts on El Salvador’s history • Oscar Romero, a bishop for the Church was assassinated for protests of civil rights violations, becoming an international celebrity http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/8/80/Oscar_Romero.jpg
Relations with America • Relations are historically strong, dating back to independence • El Salvador is supportive of U.S. military operations, especially within Iraq • More than 19,000 Americans live in El Salvador, and both are major trade partners
Sources • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/es.html • http://silverinternational.mbhs.edu/v161/V16.1.03a.independence.ec.htm • http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2033.htm • http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/people/f/mauricio_funes/index.html • http://www.indexmundi.com/el_salvador/