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Caring for Children in the UK • There were over 91,000 looked after children in the UK in 2012 (NSPCC 2013)
This breaks down into • England - 67,050 children were looked after on 31 March 2012 • Northern Ireland - 2,644 children were looked after on 31 March 2012 • Scotland - 16,248 children were looked after on 31 July 2012 • Wales - 5,725 children were looked after on 31 March 2012. • (NSPCC 2013)
WHY? • Following a significant fall in the number of children in care over the past 30 years, numbers rose in the UK between 2008 and 2012 from 81,315 to 91,667.
Daniel Pelka • Four-year-old was starved and beaten by his mother and step-father who were found guilty of his murder at Birmingham Crown Court this summer. What will be the impact of This?
The Terminology What is a looked after child? A child in public care of a Local Authority in accordance with section 22 of the Children Act 1989. What is an Accommodated Child? A child removed or voluntarily looked after by the request of or by agreement with parents under section 20 of the Children Act 1989
What does the government do? • government has made improving care for looked after children a priority. • Generally children in care continue to have poorer outcomes than the wider population. • There is a specific framework in place for child welfare in the UK.
Conservative Coalition Government Policy • Delivering more effective child protection - Publishing serious case reviews Tougher Ofsted inspections National action plan on child sexual exploitation. More robust child
Conservative Coalition Government Policy • Curtailing the commercialisation and premature sexualisation of childhood • working with retailers, businesses and families to tackle the commercialisation and premature sexualisation of childhood. • cracking down on irresponsible advertising and marketing, especially to children. • age ratings for video games of 12, 16 and 18 so that retailers can be prosecuted for selling video games to children below these age limits.
Conservative Coalition Government Policy • Ensuring more children are adopted • speed up the adoption process. • Local Authorities should not delay placing children in loving homes on the grounds of ethnicity. • charters for foster carers and adopters, which set out clear principles on how prospective adopters and foster carers should be treated. • shorter approval process for potential adopters. • fostering by potential adopters becomes standard practice in many cases, so more children are placed with carers who may become their adoptive parents.
Conservative Coalition Government Policy • Giving young people more opportunities to engage with society • youth strategy, setting out how government should give young people more opportunities and better support. • young people a voice by allowing them to 'youth proof' government policy and calling on local authorities to take similar action at a local level. • Youth Innovation Zones to develop new, creative approaches to youth services across the country.
In this module you will consider • The type of care available for children and young people who may need to be looked after. And you will discover: • An understanding of the risks to children and young people of abusive and exploitative behaviour and the strategies used to safeguard them from this behaviour.
Learning Outcomes for the Module • Know why children and young people might need to be looked after. • Know how care is provided for looked after children and young people. • Understand the risks to children and young people of abusive and exploitative behaviour. • Understand the strategies used to safeguard children and young people from abusive and exploitative behaviour.
Lets Start at the basics • The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child • In 1989 Governments worldwide promised all children the same rights by adopting the convention.
The Conventions Says that Every Child Has • The right to a childhood (including protection from harm) • The right to be educated (including all girls and boys completing primary school) • The right to be healthy (including having clean water, nutritious food and medical care) • The right to be treated fairly (including changing laws and practices that are unfair on children) • The right to be heard (including considering children's views) Unicef (2013)
Lets use this for our basis of child welfare services. • These rights are basic human rights. • Since being adopted by the United Nations in November 1989, 193 countries have ratified the convention, meaning they have agreed to do everything they can to make the rights a reality for children around the world. • In the UK we also have the Human Rights Act 1998.
There are a number of organisations who provide global support to children around the world.
Conservatives (2013) http://www.conservatives.com/Policy/Where_we_stand/Family.aspx [accessed on 04.09.13] • NSPCC (2013) http://www.nspcc.org.uk/Inform/resourcesforprofessionals/lookedafterchildren/statistics_wda88009.html [accessed on 03.09.13] • Unicef (2013) http://www.unicef.org.uk/ [accessed on 03.09.13]