20.3 Latino Americans Organize - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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20.3 Latino Americans Organize

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  1. 20.3 Latino Americans Organize

  2. I. Latinos Migrate North • Hispanic Americans are the fastest growing minority group

  3. I. Latinos Migrate North… B. Mexican immigration increased in the 20th century 1. Many settled in the southwest 2. Those who moved to the cities were segregated & faced discrimination

  4. I. Latinos Migrate North… • During the Great Depression, many Mexican Americans were sent back to Mexico through a process known as repatriation • As illegal immigration increased, Eisenhower launched a program to deport illegal Latino immigrants

  5. I. Latinos Migrate North… • In the 1950s, Puerto Ricans moved to the U.S. to escape economic troubles 1. Encountered racial discrimination & high levels of poverty F. Cuban immigrants settled in Florida after fleeing the Cuban Revolution in 1959

  6. II. Latinos Organize • Latinos formed organizations to work for equal rights • Mexican Americans formed the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) 1. Encouraged assimilation into American society 2. Ended segregation in public places in Texas 3. Criticized the abuses of deportation authorities

  7. II. Latinos Organize… C. Another Latino organization, the American GI Forum, was founded to protect the rights of Mexican American veterans

  8. III. Protests & Progress • In 1966, Cesar Chavez & Dolores Huerta merged their two organizations & formed the United Farm Workers 1. Fought for farm workers 2. Organized a national boycott of grapes

  9. III. Protests & Progress… B. In 1969, Latinos formed a new political party called La RazaUnida to support Latino candidates

  10. III. Protests & Progress… • Latino leaders promoted the issue of bilingualism 1. Congress passed the Bilingual Education Act (1968)