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ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I SEMINAR -9 Final Exam REVIEW

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ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I SEMINAR -9 Final Exam REVIEW

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  1. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I SEMINAR -9Final Exam REVIEW RENITA K HOLMES, MSN, RN KAPLAN UNIVERSITY

  2. Welcome to Unit 9 Seminar • Final Exam Review

  3. Review • Reading: Review Chapters 7-10 in preparation for the Final Exam

  4. Final Exam • The Final Exam will cover the assigned readings from Units 6-9 of the course. • There will be 100 questions of the true/false, multiple choice and diagram question. • Each question is worth 1 point for a total of 100 points. • You will have 3 hours to complete the exam.

  5. UNITS 6-7 REVIEW

  6. QUESTION • True or False. Another name for a muscle cell is a muscle fiber.

  7. RESPONSE • True

  8. QUESTION • True or False. The accepted explanation for how skeletal muscle contracts is known as the "sliding filament model".

  9. RESPONSE • True

  10. QUESTION • True or False. A synergist is a muscle that helps the prime mover or agonist produce a given movement.

  11. RESPONSE • True

  12. QUESTION • True or False. Contractions of skeletal muscle can be voluntarily controlled

  13. RESPONSE • True

  14. QUESTION • True or False. A continuous low strength muscle contraction called tonic contraction enables us to maintain body posture.

  15. RESPONSE • True

  16. QUESTION • True or False. Poor body posture causes fatigue and may lead to deformity

  17. RESPONSE • True

  18. QUESTION • True or False. Proper exercise will strengthen muscles, improve breathing and improve the efficiency of the heart.

  19. RESPONSE • True

  20. QUESTION • True or False. The hypothalamus plays a role in maintaining body water balance and maintaining body temperature

  21. RESPONSE • True

  22. QUESTION • True or False. The thalamus is involved with the association of senses with emotions. For example, a certain aroma may bring back pleasant childhood memories of grandma baking cookies.

  23. RESPONSE • True

  24. QUESTION • True or False. An individual with a tumor in his cerebellum may have problems with coordination and keeping his balance

  25. RESPONSE • True

  26. QUESTION • True or False. The blood brain barrier (BBB) separates the blood from nervous tissue to protect the brain from harmful chemicals that may be in the blood.

  27. RESPONSE • True

  28. QUESTION • The organs of the nervous system include all of the following EXCEPT: • Nerves • Brain • Spinal cord • Sensory organs • Glands

  29. RESPONSE • e. Glands

  30. QUESTION • The brain and spinal cord are part of the: • Central nervous system • Lateral nervous system • Peripheral nervous system • Collateral nervous system

  31. RESPONSE • a. Central nervous system

  32. QUESTION • Which one of the following is NOT a part of a neuron? • Cell body • Axon • Dendrite • Axite

  33. RESPONSE • d. Axite

  34. QUESTION • Which one of the following is NOT a glial cell? • Astrocyte • Neuron • Oligodendrocytes • Microglia

  35. RESPONSE b. Neuron

  36. QUESTION • An electrical impulse or action potential travels down a myelinated axon by "jumping" from node of Ranvier to node of Ranvier. This is called: • absolute conduction • majority conductance • necessary conductance • saltatory conductance

  37. RESPONSE • d. saltatory conductance

  38. QUESTION • Chemicals that are stored in the presynaptic neuron and cross the synaptic cleft to the postsynaptic neuron are called • Neurotransmitters • Hormones • Enzymes • Catalysts • None of the above

  39. RESPONSE • a. Neurotransmitters

  40. QUESTION • Dendrites • carry messages away from the nerve cell body • carry messages toward the nerve cell body • both a and b • Neither a nor b

  41. RESPONSE b. carry messages toward the nerve cell body

  42. QUESTION • Spaces in the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) • Chambers • Ventricles • Atria • Vacuoles

  43. RESPONSE b. Ventricles

  44. QUESTION • The function of oligodendrocytes is: • to produce myelin in the CNS (central nervous system • to produce cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) • to replace dead neurons • to absorb cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

  45. RESPONSE a. to produce myelin in the CNS (central nervous system

  46. UNIT 8 REVIEW

  47. QUESTION • Rods and cones are receptors found in the: • Nose • Tongue • Eye • Ear

  48. RESPONSE c. Eye

  49. QUESTION • TRUE OR FALSE. Corneal transplants have a high rate of success because of a lack of blood vessels to the eye

  50. RESPONSE • True