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Naval Traditions, Customs, Honors and Courtesy. The Salute. History of the salute Days of chivalry -- knights raised visors to friends for identification. Borgias Family -- assassination by dagger was common. It was customary to approach other men with raised hand. The Salute.

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the salute
The Salute
  • History of the salute
    • Days of chivalry -- knights raised visors to friends for identification.
    • Borgias Family -- assassination by dagger was common. It was customary to approach other men with raised hand.
the salute1
The Salute
  • U.S. Navy carried tradition over from British Royal Navy--juniors uncovered to address seniors--was shortened to the salute as it is known today.
  • Significance of salute today
    • Time-honored tradition of courtesy among military personnel.
    • Expression of mutual pride and respect.
types of salutes
Types of Salutes
  • Hand salute
  • Hand salute under arms
  • Present arms
  • Sword salute
  • “Eyes right" when passing in review
aboard ships
Aboard Ships
  • Reporting aboard
  • Disembarking vessel
  • Salute officers at the first meeting of the day.
  • Salute the CO and all officers senior to him/her on every meeting.

First Salutes Ensign

Second Salute the OOD

Requesting permission to come aboard

aboard small boats
Aboard Small Boats
  • Personnel in charge of boat not underway salute officers that come alongside or pass nearby. Rendering Honors
  • Boat coxswain salutes all officers entering or leaving the boat.
during the national anthem
During the National Anthem
  • Not in formation and covered -- stand at attention, face the national ensign or the direction from which the music is coming, salute upon hearing the first note and hold until the last note is played.
during the national anthem1
During the National Anthem
  • In formation and covered -- formation is brought to attention/order arms. Formation commander faces national ensign or music and renders the salute for the formation.
  • Uncovered--face national ensign or music and stand at attention.
during the national anthem2
During the National Anthem
  • If in civilian clothes--remove hat, stand at attention, place right hand over heart.
  • These rules apply to foreign national anthems as well.
national ensign
National Ensign
  • When passed by or passing the national ensign as it is being carried, or is uncased, or is in a military formation, all naval personnel shall salute. General Orders
  • Salute when boarding or disembarking vessels.
  • This also applies to foreign national ensigns.
military funerals
Military Funerals
  • Naval personnel remain covered while in the open, but uncovered during the committal service at the grave.
  • During burial service at sea, all personnel remain covered throughout the committal.
military funerals1
Military Funerals
  • As a general rule, remain covered for military ceremonies, but uncovered for religious ceremonies.
  • Personnel render salutes whenever honors are rendered.
in buildings
In Buildings
  • Do not salute unless in the official capacity (on watch).
  • Salute in buildings only when failure to do so might cause embarrassment or a misunderstanding (i.e., Army or USAF).
  • When reporting to an office, do not render a salute.
  • If seated, a junior should rise and face the senior and render a salute and appropriate greeting.
  • When reporting on deck or outside ashore naval personnel will be covered and will render a salute.
in vehicle
In vehicle
  • Juniors salute all seniors who are riding in vehicles.
  • Those officers in the vehicle will return salutes as required.
  • The driver of the vehicle is obliged to salute if stopped, but has the option when moving for safety reasons.
  • When a junior passes a senior, pass to the left, salute when abreast and say "By your leave, sir or ma'am." The senior will return the salute and say, "Very well" or "Carry on”.
  • If seniority is unknown: always salute if in doubt.
saluting situations walking with a senior
Saluting situations - Walking with a Senior
  • Always walk to the left of the senior.
  • If the senior is saluted by personnel who are junior to the officer, do not salute until the senior officer does.
meeting seniors
Meeting Seniors
  • Render salute at six paces or the nearest point of approach.
  • Hold salute until returned.
  • Accompany salutes with a greeting - "Good morning/afternoon/evening, sir or ma'am"
meeting seniors1
Meeting Seniors
  • Salutes are rendered to all officers of the Navy, Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, foreign military officers, and civilian officials who rate gun salutes.
relieving the watch
Relieving the watch
  • "I am ready to relieve you, sir" (salute)
  • "I am ready to be relieved" (salute)
  • "I relieve you, sir" (salute)
  • "I stand relieved”
when not to salute
When not to salute
  • When uncovered.
  • In formation, except on command.
  • In a work detail (person in charge salutes).
  • When engaged in athletics.
when not to salute1
When not to salute
  • If both hands are full.
  • In public places when inappropriate (i.e., restaurant).
  • In public conveyances.
  • At mess.
junior does not salute
Junior does not Salute
  • Sternly request an immediate conference with that individual.
  • Sea story!!!
  • Remind the individual of the necessity for respect and deference to seniors.
  • Obtain a proper salute from the individual.
shipboard courtesy quarterdeck
Shipboard Courtesy - Quarterdeck
  • Honored, ceremonial part of a ship.
  • Use proper boarding, disembarking procedures.
  • Keep immaculate and ceremonial.
  • No smoking allowed in this area.
shipboard courtesy quarterdeck1
Shipboard Courtesy-Quarterdeck
  • Keep hands out of pockets.
  • Do not engage in horseplay.
  • Don’t appear out of uniform.
shipboard courtesy quarterdeck2
Shipboard Courtesy-Quarterdeck
  • Officer of the Deck is in charge and directly represents the CO.
    • Responsible for the safety and security of the ship.
    • All officers are subordinate except XO and CDO.
    • Same rules apply if OOD is enlisted.
boat and vehicle etiquette
Boat and Vehicle Etiquette
  • Seniors board last and leave first.
  • Seniors sit towards the aft, juniors sit forward.
in or near enlisted spaces
In or Near Enlisted Spaces
  • Treat with respect.
  • Always uncover if on the mess deck.
  • These spaces are the enlisted person's home!
officers in sick bay
Officers in Sick Bay
  • Uncover prior to entering (deference to sick or injured).
  • No smoking allowed.
officer and cpo country
Officer and CPO Country
  • What they are.
    • Blue tile areas
    • Wardroom
    • Stateroom areas, “Officer Country”
    • Chiefs Quarters
    • CPO Mess
responses to senior officers
Responses to Senior Officers
  • "Yes, sir"
  • "No, sir"
  • "Aye, aye sir" -- I understand and will carry out your order, sir.
  • "I do not know, but I will find out, sir"
  • "No excuse, sir" -- accept responsibility, don't blame others.
relationships between officers and enlisted
Relationships Between Officers and Enlisted
  • Demonstrate mutual respect.
  • Never become "buddy buddy”. Fraternizing?
  • Personal dignity is critical to successful leadership.
relationships between officers and enlisted1
Relationships Between Officers and Enlisted
  • Be friendly and approachable.
  • Be fair, consistent, and firm.
  • Maintain calm, cool and collected disposition -- Never "sweat the load" in front of troops.
  • Praise in public, but reprimand in private.
  • Maintain civilian courtesies (i.e., open doors, ladies first, etc.).
  • End responses “ma'am”.
courtesy calls
Courtesy Calls
  • Call on CO aboard ship or station within 48 hours of reporting.
  • Call at the home of the CO, XO, and Department Head within two weeks of reporting. If married, wife should accompany the officer.
    • This courtesy is normally covered by a "Hail and Farewell" party.
  • When addressing members down your chain of command, or personnel of lesser rank than the you, sign "Respectfully", or "R"
  • When addressing members up the your chain of command, or officers higher in rank, sign "Very respectfully", or "V/R"
relations between junior and senior officers
Relations Between Junior and Senior Officers
  • Always treat with respect and deference.
  • Don't "bad-mouth" seniors.
  • Uncover when entering a room in which a senior is present or is expected.
  • Come to attention when a senior enters.
relations between junior and senior officers1
Relations Between Junior and Senior Officers
  • Be punctual. Report back promptly when tasked for action.
  • Treat a request from a senior as an order.
  • Never extend a handshake to a senior first.
  • Never jump the chain of command.
wardroom etiquette
Wardroom Etiquette
  • All officers belong to the wardroom mess.
  • The officer will be asked to contribute to the wardroom mess fund.
  • The mess treasurer handles the money and is an elected member.
wardroom etiquette1
Wardroom Etiquette
  • President of the Mess
    • CO on small ships
    • XO on large ships
  • Seating
wardroom rules of etiquette
Wardroom Rules of Etiquette
  • Remove cover prior to entering mess.
  • Always be in uniform (clean uniform).
  • If necessary to leave the mess early, the officer will excuse him or herself to the senior officer present.
  • Introduce any guests to others.
rules of etiquette wardroom
Rules of Etiquette - Wardroom
  • Never show up late for the mess.
  • If unavoidable, apologize and request permission to join.
  • Don't loiter about the mess during working hours.
  • Don't be noisy or boisterous.
rules of etiquette wardroom1
Rules of Etiquette - Wardroom
  • Don't talk shop, religion, or politics (yeah, right!).
  • Pay mess bill promptly.
  • Wait for the senior member to sit before the you do.
  • No enlisted personnel allowed.
honors and ceremonies
Honors and Ceremonies
  • Morning and Evening colors.
  • Gun Salutes:
    • Occasions for salutes are prescribed in Article 1013 of U.S. Navy Regulations.
honors between ships
Honors Between Ships
  • Given when ships or boats pass "close aboard”. (600 yds for ships, 400 for boats)
  • Procedure between ships. (pg. 134 BJM)
  • Dispensing with Honors.
dispensing with honors
Dispensing with Honors
  • Honors not rendered before 0800 or after sunset unless international courtesy requires it.
  • Not exchanged between U.S. Naval vessels engaged in tactical evolutions outside of port.
dispensing with honors1
Dispensing with honors
  • The senior officer may dispense with honors.
  • Honors are not rendered or required by vessels with small bridge areas such as submarines.
half masting the ensign
Half-Masting the Ensign
  • For deceased official or officer, as directed.
  • When Directed by higher authority.
  • Procedures
honors at official inspections
Honors at Official Inspections
  • Honor’s are rendered based on Inspecting Officers Rank.
personal flags and pennants
Personal Flags and Pennants
  • Flag officers are entitled to personal flags:
    • Navy -- blue flag with white stars
    • Marines -- red flag with gold stars
personal flags and pennants1
Personal Flags and Pennants
  • When a flag officer eligible for command at sea is embarked on a ship, his/her flag is displayed.
  • The flag is also displayed on small boats and vehicles when the flag officer is aboard.
personal flags and pennants2
Personal Flags and Pennants
  • Non-Flag Officers
    • Broad Command Pennant
      • Division of CV’s or CG’s
      • Force, Flotilla, or squadron
      • Aircraft Wing
    • Burgee Command Pennant
      • Division of ships
      • Major subdivision of CVW
bow insignia for boats
Bow Insignia for Boats
  • A boat assigned to an officer for regular personal use carries Insignia on each bow as follows:
      • For a flag officer, stars as arranged on his/her flag
bow insignia for boats1
Bow Insignia for Boats
  • A boat assigned to an officer for regular personal use carries Insignia on each bow as follows:
    • For a unit commander, a replica of the command pennant
    • For a CO or Chief of Staff who is not a flag officer, an arrow
dressing full dress ship
Dressing / Full Dress Ship
  • Dress ship:
    • All national holidays except the 4th of July.
    • When directed by a higher authority.
    • "Holiday" Ensign.
dressing full dress ship1
Dressing / Full Dress Ship
  • Full Dress Ship:
    • 4th of July, Washington's birthday.
    • When directed by a higher authority
    • Same flags as in dress ship, with:
      • Rainbow of Signal Flags.
      • When dressing ship for a foreign holiday, that nation's flag is hoisted at the main mast in place of the U.S. flag.
dining in dining out
  • Formal dinners given by members of a naval unit, in order to demonstrate esprit de corps.
  • Dining-In -- only military officers from that unit.
  • Dining-Out -- military officers and their civilian spouses or friends.
dining in dining out1
  • Typical Dining-In / Out:
    • The dinner
    • Toasts
    • Fines
    • Decorum
naval customs and traditions
Naval Customs and Traditions
  • First duty of every member of the naval service is to learn and conform to customs and traditions. It is the responsibility of everyone to know Navy heritage.
naval customs and traditions1
Naval Customs and Traditions
  • Etiquette and discipline are founded upon customs and traditions.
  • Process of socialization and learning a form of "corporate culture”.
  • Acts which are uniformly followed over a long period of time. A time-honored set of practices that have the force of law.
  • The passing down of elements of a culture from generation to generation. Developed from the performance of our own personnel.
  • Tending the Side
  • Dipping the Ensign
  • Ship Launchings / Commissioning’s
  • Captains Mast
  • Crossing the Line