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Seafaring Traders

Seafaring Traders

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Seafaring Traders

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  1. Seafaring Traders CHAPTER 3 SECTION 3

  2. Key Terms • Minoans • Aegean Sea • Knossos • King Minos • Phoenicians

  3. Minoans Trade in The Mediterrean • Minoans-powerful seafaring people • Aegean Sea-surrounds island of Crete • Exported art and culture • Had influence on Greece • Architecture, burial customs, religious rituals

  4. Unearthing Brilliant Civilization • Knossos-Minoan capital city • Peaceful, no fortifications • Advanced and thriving culture • King Minos-was king who owned a half human half bull Minotaur

  5. Unearthing a Brilliant Civlization • Knossos had painted walls • Official seals • vases • Athletic people • Boxing • Wrestling • Bull leaping • Women held a high rank

  6. Unearthing a Brilliant civilization • Mother goddess rule over all gods • Priestess took charge of some shrines • Sacrificed bulls and animals • Carried out human sacrifices

  7. Minoans Culture’s Mysterious End • Ended 1200 BC • 1700 BC earthquake destroys Minoan cities • 1470 BC earthquakes rock Crete • Tidal waves • Rain of ash • Fiery volcanic blast • Invaders from Greece take over

  8. Phoenicians Spread Civilization • Phoenicians- powerful traders along the Mediterranean • Mainly now in Lebanon • Byblos, Tyre, and Sidon trading centers • Write on papyrus • Simplified alphabet

  9. Ancient Trade Routes • Mediterranean and world trading centers • 30 miles apart • Land routes • Afghanistan • India • Persia • Gulf of the Red Sea • Used monsoon winds to cross Arabian sea

  10. Phoenicia's Greatest Legacy • Merchants needed a way to record transactions • Writing system where symbols represented sounds • Alphabet comes from two letters alpha and beta • Greeks adopted it and changed some of the letters

  11. Ancient Trade Routes • India traders used monsoon winds to southeast Asia, and Indonesia • Trade routes ensured exchange of products and information • Religion • Art, ways of living • Cultural diffusion