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Group members: INCREDIBLE SOULS. Leader 11338 11321 11315 11353 11316. LITERATURE REVIEW. The workshop will cover:. 1- LITERATURE REVIEW. 2- WHAT IS LITERATURE REVIEW 3- WHY LITERATURE REVIEW IS IMPORTANT. 4- SOURCES OF LITERATURE REVIEW. 5- LITERATURE REVIEW

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group members incredible souls
Group members: INCREDIBLE SOULS
  • Leader 11338
  • 11321
  • 11315
  • 11353
  • 11316
the workshop will cover
The workshop will cover:

1- LITERATURE REVIEW.

2- WHAT IS LITERATURE REVIEW

3- WHY LITERATURE REVIEW IS IMPORTANT.

4- SOURCES OF LITERATURE REVIEW.

5- LITERATURE REVIEW

6- LITERATURE REVIEW HELPS.

7- CONSTRUCTING LITERATURE REVIEW.

8- ORGANIZING LITERATURE REVIEW.

9- LITERATURE REVIEW IN RESEARCH APPROACHES.

10-CRITICAL ANALYZING THE LITERATURE.

11- WRITING LITERATURE REVIEW.

12- STRUCTURING LITERATURE REVIEW.

13-. QUICK VIEW

14- REFERENCES

slide5
LITERATURE REVIEW

“…a literature review surveysscholarly articles, books and othersources […] relevant to aparticular issue, area ofresearch, or theory,providing a description,summary, and criticalevaluation of each work.”

what is literature review
A discussion of your knowledge about the topic under study.

A discussion of your knowledge that is supported by the research literature.

A foundation for the study.

what is Literature Review?
why literature review is important
WHY Literature Review IS IMPORTANT ?
  • Literature review is the part of the paper where the researcher will be given the opportunity to strengthen your paper for you will be citing what other reliable authors have said about your topic. This will prove that you are not just writing about any random subject but that many others have also poured their thoughts on the topic.
  • Literature review is also unique from the rest of the paper because you have to fill most of the paper with your own analysis.
literature reviews
Literature reviews
  • Abstract
    • the author’s description of the study
    • related to your area of interest?
    • conclusions relevant?
  • Statement of the Problem
    • restate the topic
    • problem stated clearly?
    • purpose?
    • significance?
  • Hypothesis or Research Question(s)
    • Clearly stated?
    • Relevant?
    • Related to your area of interest?
  • Assumptions
    • open assumptions?
    • hidden assumptions
literature review1
Literature REVIEW
  • Delimitations
    • How was the study narrowed?
    • Which considerations are relevant to your study?
  • Definitions
    • Key concepts & terms?
literature review2
Literature REVIEW
  • Method
    • research design?
    • population & sample?
    • measurement?
    • procedures?
  • Findings
    • make sense?
    • what do they say about your area of interest
  • Discussion
    • Meaningful interpretations?
    • Implications discussed?
    • Suggestions or recommendations?
    • Limits to practical application?
  • Conclusion
    • What did you learn?
    • Re-state your new knowledge
literature reviews help
Literature reviews help
  • Get ideas
  • Get an overview (learn)
  • Get a feeling for what's doable, what's
  • meaningful.
  • Better understand your
  • research project
organizing the literature search the tree diagram

subtopic

subtopic

subtopic

subtopic

subtopic

subtopic

Topic

Organizing the Literature Search:the Tree Diagram
tree diagram example

Parent

involvement

Home-school

communication

barriers

Homework

assistance

Involvement in

decision making

Academic

achievement

volunteerism

Teachers’ beliefs

Home visits

Tree Diagram Example
literature review in research approaches
Literature review in research approaches
  • Firstly identify the topic describe the topic in in a few words or
  • in a short phrase because topic becomes the central idea to learn
  • about or explore in a study.
  • In qualitative research use the literature inductively in the beginning as part of introduction as it frame the problems,, in the beginning as a separate section, and using it at the end of a study to compare & contrast with the findings of the current study.
  • In quantitative study use the literature deductively as a framework for advancing questions and hypothesis. A separate section on the “review of the literature” is used to introduce the study or at the end of study. Where as Cooper recommended it as theoretical review in which researchers focuses on extent theory that relates to the problem . And appears in journal articles and than suggested it as methodological review in which the researcher focuses on methods and definitions.
literature review in research approaches1
Literature review in research approaches
  • In a mix method approach researcher uses either a qualitative or a quantitative approach. Where as it can be both at beginning or at the end.
critically analyzing the literature
Critically Analyzing the Literature

Analysis is breaking down something into parts.

There are two types of analysis:

1- Systematic Analysis.

2- Arguments Analysis.

Systematic Analysis: It is a kind of analysis in which we systematically evaluate the literature on the basis of key ideas, theories, concepts and methodological assumptions and the overall structure and format of the research.

Arguments Analysis: If a range of arguments are being analysed you will need to explain the claim, data and warrant for each argument . In this way the identification of the individual and similar elements in a range of items can be compared and contrasted.

arguments analysis
Arguments Analysis:
  • There are many ways to analyses arguments but here just two are discussed:
  • 1- Toulmin’s method of argumentation analysis.
  • 2- Fisher’s method of critical reading.
  • Toulmin’s method of argumentation analysis:
  • Toulmin proposes that an argument can be broken up into number of basic elements like:
  • Claim an arguable statement
  • Evidence Data used to support the claim
  • Warrant (or permit) an expectation that provides the link between the evidence and claim.
  • Backing Context & assumption used to support the validity or the warrant and evidence.
for example
For example
  • Data

Car washes can use

up to 250,000

Gallons of water in

the main summer

weeks. Warrant

Since

Water is essential and people should not wasted it in times of shortage

Backing

Because

Water should cause inconvenience

are a danger to people & can be

costly to consumers.

Claim

Car owners should restrict washing their cars in areas of the country where there is a water shortage

fisher s method of critical reading
Fisher’s method of critical reading.

Fisher provides a method for a systematic reading of texts. Through which reader can extract words (Thus and therefore) of any argument for the purpose of evaluation. Words that are used to structure an argument are the focus for the analysis . Words (Thus and therefore) are highlighted because they are used to link evidence with claims and suggest inference, reasons and conclusions.

writing the literature review
Writing the Literature Review
  • Always begin with an introduction to the review & end with a summary
  • Make the connection for the reader between the subtopics & the topic
  • Use direct quotations infrequently
  • Always cite your sources
  • Present your knowledge on the topics & subtopics
  • Summarize each subtopic
  • Include a transition paragraph from one subtopic to the next
structuring the literature review
Structuring the Literature Review

Introduction

Review on independent variable

Review on dependent variable

Review on the relationship of independent & dependent variables

Summary

quick view
Quick view
  • Begin with a search of the available literature.
  • Critically analyze each article (study) you
  • select.
  • Organize the review with an outline
  • Write the review.
  • Summarize the review.
  • Using the literature, present a rationale for
  • your study.
references
References

(http://library.ucsc.edu/ref/howto/literaturereview.html)

Adopted from “Doing Literature Review” by Chris Hart

Adopted from “Research Methods for business Students” by mark Saunders

Adopted from Research Design by John W. Creswell.