Cleat souls
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Cleat Souls. Informative Presentation By: Nilofer Faiz Joseph Maiorana Joseph Schneider. Table of Contents. Step 1- Problem Statement . Spikes/Cleats become worn out when walking on asphalt to a field/stadium/track. Step 2- Brainstorming. Consider Source of Problem

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Cleat souls

Cleat Souls

Informative Presentation By:

Nilofer Faiz

Joseph Maiorana

Joseph Schneider

Step 1 problem statement
Step 1- Problem Statement

Spikes/Cleats become worn out when walking on asphalt to a field/stadium/track.

Step 2 brainstorming
Step 2- Brainstorming

Consider Source of Problem

  • Deals with cleat shoes wearing away when walking

  • Friction/ contact of shoe with track field surface

  • Athletes’ amount of shoe usage


  • Experience

    • Joe plays football

    • Joey played baseball

  • Knowledge from peer athletes

    • Conversations

    • Environment

    • Issues with track surface


Impossible/difficult to improve upon outside factors

So, Improve features of cleat shoe

Design & manufacture solution to fit on bottom of athletic cleats

Solution will provide protection so cleat shoe will last longer

This device will be effective when user is not using cleats for their main purpose


Step 3 research justifying the problem
Step 3- Research/ Justifying the Problem

  • Surveys

    • Random distribution (50)

    • Peers with background to problem statement

  • Expert Feedback

    • Interview experts through email, in person contact (7)

  • Online research

    • Patent searches


Market survey
Market Survey

  • Do your spikes/cleats on athletic shoes become worn out after walking on asphalt/sidewalks? (If No, do not continue)

    • Yes

    • No

  • Which type of spikes/cleats do you use?

    • Metal

    • Rubber

    • Plastic

  • What do you use spikes/cleats for? Check all that apply.

    • Football

    • Baseball

    • Track & Field

    • Soccer

    • Golf

    • Bicycling

    • Work

    • Other (please specify__________________________________)

Market survey1
Market Survey

Spikes/cleats become worn out or damaged due to:

Excessive use

Poor design

Friction with surface

On a scale of 1-5, do you feel your performance is lowered because of worn down spikes/cleats? [ 1= No, not at all. 5= Yes, definitely]

1 2 3 4 5

Do you feel you need to replace your spikes/cleats because of damages?



If yes to #3 how often do you feel you need to replace your spikes/cleats?



Very few times

Other (please specify__________________________________)


Market survey2
Market Survey

Would you purchase a device that protects the spikes/cleats from becoming worn down?



If a new design were to be created improving the spikes/cleats, which factor will be the most important upon purchase?






Survey results
Survey Results

  • 36 responses in accord that cleat shoes wear down to the point that it should be considered a problem

  • 14 responses in accord that cleat shoes are not worn down enough to be a problem

Contacting experts
Contacting Experts

  • Interview: in person/email

  • Agreement = spikes become damaged

  • 5 of 7 interviewees also agree that having to bring multiple shoes to an event is annoying

  • These interviews prove problem statement to be valid

  • First 3 helped justify problem statement

  • Last 4 Provided feedback, tips in drafting solution

Experts credibility
Experts’ Credibility

  • Kyle Whittier

    • Athlete: football (2yrs) & baseball (10yrs)

  • Chris Fenske

    • Athlete (track)

    • Sales Associate – Sport’s Authority

  • Kevin Whittier

    • 4 yr Sales Associate – Sport’s Authority

Testimonial from patent 1
Testimonial from Patent 1

  • Citation:

    Perron, Jr. “Soccer Shoe” United States Patent. 2009.

    Inventor: Perron, Jr.; J. Edward

    [Metairie, LA]

    Patent Filed: March 31, 2005

    Patent Number: 7,487,604

Patent 1 cont
Patent 1 Cont’

  • Shoe cover insert innovation

    • enhances performance of soccer shoe

  • Conventional soccer shoes have problem with vertical component

    • design needs to be modified

  • Design includes an insert that:

    • cushion the foot

    • provide foot stability

    • motion control; reduce fatigue

    • extend the float time of a runner and

    • increase the jump height of the wearer

    • extends vertically

Justified problem statement
Justified Problem Statement

  • Conclusions based off research

    • Expert feedback

    • Patents

    • Online resources

  • Athletes need to wear a different pair of shoes while walking on anything other than their playing field, otherwise their spikes will become damaged or dulled. EXISTS

Step 4 design criteria
Step 4- Design Criteria

  • Protect spikes from becoming dull

  • Protect surfaces from damages

  • Eliminate the need to bring multiple pairs of shoes to events

  • Take less time than switching between shoes

Design criteria cont
Design Criteria Cont’

  • Manufacturing

  • Cost

  • Material

  • Ease of Use

  • Storage

  • Durability

  • Safety

  • Fit

  • Weight Capacity

  • Time-Saving

  • Protection

  • Physical Appeal

Step 5 possible solutions
Step 5- Possible Solutions

  • Each team member came up with 2 different solutions

  • Evaluated pros/cons, scored off of design criteria

Solution a spike covers
Solution A: Spike Covers

  • Blocks fit completely over the spikes

  • Keeps spikes elevated above ground

  • Reduces wear

Solution b spike sandals
Solution B: Spike Sandals

  • Sandal placed under cleat

  • Velcro belt holds in place

Solution c rubber sole
Solution C: Rubber Sole

  • A rubber sole slips on the bottom of cleat

  • Keeps spikes off the ground

Solution d spike plugs
Solution D: Spike Plugs

  • Rubber plugs put on spikes

  • Keep spikes from touching ground

Solution e retractable cover
Solution E: Retractable Cover

  • Rubber membrane on outside

  • Stretchy rubber material extended over sole

  • Covers heel, kicking portion

  • Rubber sleeve covers entire bottom

Innovation solution f spike plug w retractable cover
Innovation Solution F: Spike Plug W/ Retractable Cover

  • Spike plugs easily attach to bottom of athletic spike shoe

  • Retractable stretchy sleeve holds together spike plugs

  • Allows attachment of all five plugs without effort

  • Retractable cover provides tight support all around shoe

  • Prevents shoe laces from becoming untied

Step 6 final solution derived
Step 6- Final Solution Derived

  • Decision- Making Matrix helped in evaluation of potential sol

  • Criteria:

  • Totals made after evaluation

  • Manufacturing

  • Cost

  • Material

  • Ease of Use

  • Storage

  • Durability

Decision matrix
Decision Matrix

  • Scoring:+ Best option

    • - Worst option

    • 0 No difference

Final solution
Final Solution

  • Based on the scores on the decision matrix, we chose our solution

The spike cover
The Spike Cover

  • Protective covering for the front and the back of the cleat

  • Keeps spikes from coming in contact with the ground

  • Has rubber bottoms for safety

  • Easy to use

  • Easy to store


  • Protect spikes from becoming dull

  • Protect spikes from coming in contact with the ground

  • Eliminate the need to bring multiple pairs of shoes to events


  • The spike covers come in two parts

  • The spike covers must be sized to fit onto shoe

  • Holes can hold spikes up to ¾” long


  • The two parts of the spike cover are shaped to the heal and to the front of the cleat

Ease of maintenance
Ease of Maintenance

  • Primary tools needed

    • Computer with Inventor

    • Micrometer

    • Prototype machine

    • Belt Saw


  • Guerilla Glue

  • Flip Flops


  • Layer 2 was added to the product to insure durability

    • It will protect the plastic from scratches

    • Keep the plastic from getting worn out

Supplies and cost
Supplies and Cost

  • The cost to make the product is fairly cheap

  • Most of the project’s cost comes from prototype machine

  • The cost to produce one spike cover (both parts) is about $25 (according to Stephen Buchs)

Tool selection
Tool Selection

  • Major Tools

    • Prototype Machine

    • Belt Saw

Part a1 top layer
Part A1- Top Layer

  • Made from plastic

  • Heel of cleat cover

  • 5/16” thick

  • 3 slots

Part a2 bottom layer
Part A2- Bottom Layer

  • Made from rubber

  • Heel of cleat cover

  • 5/16” thick

Part b1 top layer
Part B1- Top layer

  • Made from plastic

  • Sole of cleat cover

  • 5/16” thick

  • 6 slots

Part b2 bottom layer
Part B2- Bottom Layer

  • Made from rubber

  • Sole of cleat cover

  • 5/16” thick

Step 8 assembly process
Step 8- Assembly Process

  • 2 Parts to the solution

    • The front of the shoe

    • The sole of the shoe

  • Each part is divided into 2 layers

    • Top Layer: made of plastic

    • Bottom Layer: made of rubber

Assembly process
Assembly Process

  • Suggested time of assembly: 2-3 days

  • Assembly procedure

    • Gather Materials

    • Use prototype machine to make layer 1 of both parts

    • Cut out layer 2 with belt saw

    • Use shoe glue to attach parts

      • Part A1 to A2

      • Part B1 to B2

Prototype 1 cleat covers
Prototype 1: Cleat Covers

Step 9 test evaluate
Step 9- Test & Evaluate

  • Evaluate performance of cleat covers by gathering data

    • Quantitative

    • Qualitative

  • Estimated time: 2 days to perform test 3x

  • Equipment needed:

    • Team members

    • Data tables

    • Stopwatch

    • Weights

    • Prototype

    • Cleat shoes

Testing aspects
Testing Aspects

  • Safety

    • Is it slippery?

    • Is the cleat still balanced?

    • Do spikes become damaged with application?

  • Fit

    • Does the spike cover fall off?

    • Do the spikes fit within the holes?

    • Do the covers fit the portion of the shoe?

  • Weight Capacity

    • Max amount covers can hold

Testing aspects cont
Testing Aspects Cont’

  • Time-Saving

    • Easier to slip-on rather than purchasing?

  • Performance

    • Protect spikes from external surf?

  • Physical Appeal

    • Product look effective?

    • Attract customers?

Testing procedure
Testing Procedure

  • Safety

  • Wear spike coversWalk on different surfacesIf the cleats slip on surf, it fails

  • Fit

  • Place spike covers on soleFail if covers fall off or become loose while walkingExamine if the spikes fit in given holes Examine if covers fit the sole of the cleats correctly (not too big and not too small)

Testing procedure1
Testing Procedure

  • Weight Capacity

  • Wear spike coversAdd weights to the person to test the durability Record weight. Goal Capacity: 200 lbs.

  • Protection

  • Wear the spike cover and walkSpikes shouldn’t become damaged in any way

Testing procedure2
Testing Procedure

  • Time-Saving

  • Time starts when member puts on spike cover. Time finishes when person removes spike cover.

  • Same person starts new time trial with spikes on. Start the time member begins to remove shoe. Stop time when the second shoe is completely on.

  • Compare times. If spike cover time was faster than the shoe-to-shoe time, the test is passed.

  • Physical Appeal

  • Score appearance of product on scale of 1-10. (7 and above is a pass)

Cleat covers data chart
Cleat Covers:Data Chart

Test results cleat covers
Test Results: Cleat Covers

  • Failed the fit test

    • Dimensions were not correct

    • Spikes are different sizes

    • Angles were incorrect

Problems in design
Problems in Design

  • There should be two layers to the shoe

    • Plastic: serves as the protection of the spike

    • Rubber: serves as a safety precaution and increases durability of the product

  • Unachievable to design solution to fit all types of spikes

    • We chose the Nike Haurachi as our model shoe

Step 10 refinement
Step 10- Refinement

  • Redo the measurements and drawings

    • Used micrometer

    • Calculations

  • Learned pressure does not help covers from staying attached

    • Over time, it will become loose

  • New Solution = Magnets

  • Step 11 new solution magnets
    Step 11- New Solution: Magnets

    • Magnets will be implanted into the 2nd layer of the product

    • They will make the fit of the product more efficient

    • Solves problem statement

      • Cover protect spikes?

      • Spikes still damaged with cover on?

      • Eliminates need to change shoes?

    A traction covers data chart
    A-TractionCovers:Data Chart

    Magnets test results
    Magnets- Test Results

    • The same person performed the test procedures.

    • The procedure successfully tested our product revealing problems with our design.

    • The testing criteria helped organize the data that we had been looking for.

    • The materials were appropriately chosen based on the results of the testing.

    • There was no problem found while testing that indicated a problem with the building process.

    • The results showed that the design met the criteria effectively.

    Prototype 3 cleat souls
    Prototype 3: Cleat Souls

    What are Cleat Souls?

    Spike Pads were made for the athlete by the athlete. They protect spikes from becoming dull or damaged during the walk from your car to the field. Spike Pads can also be used indoors, just incase you need to grab a drink or visit the trainer. The material fits perfectly to the design of the cleat making you feel like you are walking in regular shoes. Spike Pads can also come in different colors with different designs on them to match your shoe color or team uniform. With the spikes protected, Spike Pads extend the life of your cleats helping you achieve their maximum performance day in and day out.


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