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Study your notes and key terms from Cold War Day 1. There will be a small quiz. Cold War Iron Curtain Containment Marshall Plan Truman Doctrine NATO United Nations. THE COLD WAR HEATS UP. Cold-War Conflicts And Containment Policy. Cold War Conflicts.
Study your notes and key terms from Cold War Day 1. • There will be a small quiz. • Cold War • Iron Curtain • Containment • Marshall Plan • Truman Doctrine • NATO • United Nations
THE COLD WAR HEATS UP Cold-War Conflicts And Containment Policy
Cold War Conflicts Objective: Analyze several instances of communist expansion and the United States’ attempts at containment. Question: Where are these conflicts happening and why is that significant to the “Cold War”?
US and USSR are trying to each control as many countries as possible!!! Stalin and the USSR United States
Cold War standoff!!! NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Warsaw Pact (Stalin and his communist buddies)
Early Examples ofContainment Truman Doctrine: Aid to Greece and Turkey to fight communism Berlin Airlift Marshall Plan: Aid to rebuild Europe… And to discourage countries from communism
Communism Spreads • Mao Zedong leads a communist revolution in China. (1946) • The United States sends economic and military aid to the Chinese Nationalists but the Chinese communists win anyway. Mao Zedong
Domino Theory • If one country in Southeast Asia falls to communism then all of them will.
Korean War Communism Spreads Containment South Korea is backed by the United Nations and the United States. United States joins the United Nations to protect South Korea. The war ends in a stalemate and neither side gains any ground. • North Korea becomes communist and invades South Korea. • The two sides are separated by the 38th parallel.
They were separated by the 38th parallel, an imaginary line that divides Korea at 38 degrees north latitude. 38th Parallel
Korea is the first time we join a military effort with an international peace keeping organization. This cartoon by the British cartoonist David Low, from the Daily Herald (30 Jun 1950), shows Truman and the United Nations rushing to Korea’s aid.
North Korean troops moved steadily south. They conquered the South Korean capital of Seoul.
For 2 years, fighting continued. But neither side advanced. MacArthur wanted to extend the war into China. He even suggested dropping atomic bombs on China. Truman was against this strategy. The Soviets were allies of the Chinese. Truman felt bombing China would start WWIII.
A cease-fire went into effect in June 1951 North Korea Both sides agreed on a demilitarized zone at the 38th parallel. 38th Parallel South Korea
An armistice was signed in July 1953. The agreement was a stalemate. Korea was still divided b/w Communist N. Korea & non-Communist S. Korea.
Bay of Pigs Communism Spreads Containment Kennedy assembles a secret mission to try and overthrow the government of Cuba and kill Castro. We train Cuban ex-patriots and send them to Cuba. They failed miserably and Cuba remained communist. • Fidel Castro leads a communist revolution in Cuba in 1959. • Cuba is only 90 miles from the U.S. coast. • Castro exiles people that don’t agree with him(ex-patriots) and they flee to America.
Bay of Pigs Invasion Cuba
Bay of Pigs invasion Cuban leader President John F. Kennedy Fidel Castro
Video • Kennedy’s address on the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Cuban Missile Crisis Communism Spreads Containment American U2 spy planes photograph the missile sites. Kennedy and Kruschev negotiate about the missiles in Cuba. Finally we place a naval blockade around Cuba and the Soviets agree to remove their missiles. • The Soviet Union sets up missile sites in Cuba. • They have intercontinental ballistic missiles that can easily reach major cities in the United States. • These missiles can carry nuclear bombs.
Cuban Missile Crisis John F. Kennedy Nikita Kruschev
Blockade of Cuba American ships
Vietnam War Communism Spreads Containment The United States commits a massive amount of troops to try and keep Communism out of South Vietnam. Eventually, after many lives were lost, the United States backs out of the war and South Vietnam becomes communist. • North Vietnam is led by communist leader Ho Chi Minh. • North Vietnam invades South Vietnam which is non-communist.
Vietnam War Just like Korea the country is divided between Communists in the North and non-communists in the South.
Cold War Conflicts Communism Spreads Containment Policy Truman sends aid to help fight the Communists. (fail) Bay of Pigs attempt to overthrow Castro. (fail) U.S. joins United Nations peacekeeping effort. (success) Kennedy uses a blockade.(success) U.S. commits troops to South Vietnam to fight the communists. (fail) • Communist Revolution in China. • Castro becomes communist leader of Cuba. • North Korea (Communist) invades South Korea. • Soviets put Missiles in Cuba. • North Vietnam (Communist) invades South Vietnam.