Clothing • During the early Shang period people made clothing from animal skins. • As people discovered and domesticated plants, animals, and silkworms, new types of fabric were made.
Clothing • Men and women both wore long belted tunics with jackets overtop. • Pants were not worn until later in the Shang dynasty.
Clothing • Silk production, or sericulture, became an important art and industry. • Silk took a long time to make and was expensive to produce; it was considered extremely precious. • Peasant clothing was made from rough fibre like hemp and banana leaf. Banana Leaf Shoes
Clothing • Hair styles ranged from simple to elaborate based on your social class. • Wealthy women’s hair could be adorned with combs and pins of jade, bone, and ivory.
Housing • Many Shang cities had large walls protecting them from attack. China has a great love of great walls…
Housing • The city of Anyang was the last capital of the Shang dynasty. • Wealthy people such as government officials and the emperor lived in the city. • Merchants, crafts people, and farmers lived outside of the city (farmers would return to their fields in the summer).
Technology • The Chinese used the potter’s wheel to design elaborate pottery.
Technology • Bronze vessels were made for the nobility and for use in religious ceremonies.
Technology • The differential windlass was invented by the Chinese and was used to lift heavy objects.
Technology • Farmers had digging forks, flails, hoes, ploughs, sickles, and querns.
Religious and Spiritual Beliefs • Most people believed in the spirit world. • The most important god was Tien, the god of heaven.
Religious and Spiritual Beliefs • The Shang people practiced ancestor worship and believed in filial piety (younger family members were respectful of elder members of the family and the community).
Religious and Spiritual Beliefs • Common people worshiped a variety of deities that they believed controlled the forces of nature. (to provide better crops) • Wu, were sorcerers who provided spells for the people. They could be a man or a woman. (This changed during the Zhou dynasty)
Religious and Spiritual Beliefs • When a ruler died he was buried with all things that would be needed by him in the afterlife: weapons, chariots, ornaments, horses, pets, and humans.
The military was often battling people of neighbouring areas, especially those along the Yangtze River.
The nobles were the warriors who led the armies. • Chariots were rode into battle and weapons were made of bronze.
Some China’s military leaders were women; one of the most notable from the Shang period is Lady Hao.
The End of the Shang Dynasty • The Shang dynasty ruled for approximately five centuries. • The dynasty ended when cruel rulers were over thrown by a revolt. • The group from the west, called the Zhou, claimed that because the Shang ruler was not taking care of his people he had lost the mandate of heaven.