Current Events Ukraine: Protests, Problems, and Putin News Media Week 2 Sanda University Eric Duffy
Class Outline • Brief History of Ukraine • Overview of last 2 months in Ukraine • Video- Protests in Ukraine • Vocabulary from video • Comprehension questions • Class discussion • Russian TV video • Vocabulary from video • Comprehension questions • Class discussion • Russia invades Ukraine? • Vocabulary from video • Comprehension questions • Class discussion
Brief History of Ukraine • 1921- The Soviet Union (USSR) occupies 2/3 of Ukraine • 1930s- Millions of Ukrainians die due to policies, deportations, and executions ordered by Joseph Stalin (leader of the USSR) • During World War II, Ukraine is occupied by the Nazis. Millions of Ukrainians die • After World War II, Western Ukraine is taken by the USSR • Ukraine becomes a satellite state of the Soviet Union • 1986 Chernobyl nuclear power station explodes
Brief History of Ukraine • 1990- Student protests help bring down the government* • 1991- After the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of the USSR, 90% of Ukrainians vote for independence in a nationwide referendum in December.
Orange Revolution • Massive peaceful protests in 2004 • Due to election fraud • Ukraine holds a new vote and elects a new president • The peaceful revolution brings a feeling of hope, freedom, and democracy to Ukraine
Russia’s involvement in Ukraine • Since Ukraine’s independence, Russia has maintained influence and power inside Ukraine • Occasionally Russia stops gas going into Ukraine • Russia wants Ukraine to remain outside the E.U. and American influence • A large percentage of Ukrainian’s speak Russian and hold positive views of Russia and Putin
In the Last 100 years • Russia has remained influential in Ukraine and views Ukraine as important to Russia’s future • Pew Global • Poll, 2009
Current Protests in Ukraine • The former/current President, Viktor Yanukovych , was seen as corrupt • The son of Ukrainian’s President “won” 50 percent of all state contracts in January(http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2014/02/statistics-that-explained-the-world-this-week-103783.html#ixzz2un6q5vCj) • The average monthly salary in Ukraine is $450 a month (http://knlive.ctvnews.ca/a-mansion-fit-for-a-tyrant-leader-inside-yanukovych-s-home-of-sports-cars-and-ostriches-1.1701779) • The former President’s house had a hovercraft, a golf course, a helicopter pad, a yacht, sports cars, private restaurant, private zoo and ostriches
Ukraine and the E.U. • Ukrainians in the West of the country wanted to join the European Union • Cut Russian influence and become more like Europe • President agrees to sign agreement with the E.U. in late 2013 • However, instead the President accepts over $15,000,000,000 from Russia • Citizens believe Russia is trying to buy influence in Ukraine • In late 2013 Ukrainian citizens start to protest against the government citing corruption , Russian influence in Ukraine, and closer ties to the E.U.
Video 1- RTV: Vocabulary • Mastermind • Coup d'état • Fuel to the fire • Spontaneous • Provocateurs
Comprehension Questions • How many protestors were in the square? • A. 100 B. 1,000 C. 1,000,000 D. unknown • What did the president promise to the peaceful protesters? • A . New government B. not to be touched by security C. money D. zoo animals • When did the protesters say that would leave the protests? • A. when Ukraine joins the E.U. B. when the president apologizes C. when the president and the government steps down D. Never • Does President Putin of Russia think of the protests? • A. he supports them B. He thinks they are not spontaneous C. He believes it is about the E.U. D. He doesn’t care
Class Discussions • What is the tone of the video? • Do you think the video is bias? • The video is from Russian T.V. does that change your opinion of what it says?
What has happened since Friday? • The President of Ukraine left the capital and fled to Russia • The government of Ukraine impeached him and sought to arrest him • The government formed a caretaker government and set new elections for May 25 • Former President claims he is still the president and was forced out of Ukraine by thugs and a coup • He asks Russia for help • So there are two Presidents of Ukraine and the country is divided between the old President (and Russia) and the new government (the protesters and Western world)
Russia invades Ukraine? • Feb 26th Russian troops near border with Ukraine are put on alert and drilled for "combat readiness". • Feb 27th Pro-Russian armed men seize government buildings in Crimea (Southern Ukraine) • February 28th- Soldiers with Russian license plates enter Crimea and take control of the airport and government buildings
Russia invades Ukraine? • Russian parliament votes to allow Russian troops to enter Ukraine • Voted stated that the Russian military could be deployed "on Ukrainian territory" • Russia's Black Sea Fleet (Russian Navy) is in Crimea already • Russia has a sea base there • Reports of 15,000 Russian troops have joined Russia’s other soldiers in Crimea • Two Russian warships are in the water near Crimea
Crimea • Crimea used to be part of Russia • 1954 became part of Ukraine • Currently 59% of population is ethnic Russian while only 25% of the population is Ukrainian
Crimea • So is Russia invading Ukraine? Or just making sure its soldiers, citizens, and supporters are safe? • A large part of the East of Ukraine want closer ties to Russia, not the E.U. • This part of the country still supports the former President and did not join in the protests
Video 2: Friday PBS • What time did the soldiers arrive? • A. 10pm B. 11PM C. 12 AM D. 10 am • What happened to the air space over Crimea? • A. it was open B. it was closed C. it remained the same D. nothing • What country did Russia go to war with in 2008? • A. Ukraine B. China C. Georgia D. Afghanistan • How did Secretary Kerry speak to the Russian Foreign Minister? • A. on TV B. in a speech C. email D. Phone • Why did the former President say he left Ukraine? • A. afraid he would die B. because the U.S.A. told him C. to move to Russia D. he wanted a vacation
Video 3: Crimea Vocabulary • Kick out • Armed • Siege • Leverage • Intertwined • Mill around
Listening Comprehension • How many armed men are in the building? • A. 100 B. 60 C. 1,000 D. 600 • What does fully armed mean? • A. you have two arms B. you can’t see your arms • C. You have a lot of guns on you D. you are in the military • What do the Crimean people want? • A. to support the government B. join the E. U. • C. Join Russia D. Have a new goverment • Why can’t the new Ukraine government stop what is happening in Crimea?
Video 4 vocabulary • Defy • Escalation • Military convoy • Authorize • Throw down the gauntlet • Deterrent
Video 4 Listening comprehension • How long after Obama’s speech did Russia authorize troops into Ukraine? • A. half a day B. one week C. 24 hours D. at the same time • What did Russia do in response to Obama’s speech? • A. withdrew its U.S. ambassador B. sent Obama a letter • C. called Obama D. nothing • How much aid is the U.S. and the E.U. offering to Ukraine? • A. 15 MILLION B. 15 BILLION c. 1 BILLION D. 150 MILLION • What is one response the U.S. could take to stop Russia in Ukraine? • A. sanctions B. Refuse to attend g-8 Summit • C. military action D. all of the above
References • http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-18010123 • http://www.aljazeera.com/news/europe/2014/03/timeline-ukraine-political-crisis-201431143722854652.html • http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-26388057
Homework • Watch the video about Nazi hunters posted on the website. You are expected to watch from 8:28 to 16:41 • Created 3-5 comprehension questions • This questioned will be given to another student next class