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First Aid on the Farm - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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First Aid on the Farm. First Response Know who to call Know appropriate information to give dispatcher Provide care until EMS arrives Check airway (A) Check breathing (B) Check circulation (C). Shock, Unconsciousness and Fainting. Signs Cold, clammy skin Pale face Chills Confusion

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Presentation Transcript
First aid on the farm
First Aid on the Farm

  • First Response

    • Know who to call

    • Know appropriate information to give dispatcher

  • Provide care until EMS arrives

    • Check airway (A)

    • Check breathing (B)

    • Check circulation (C)

Shock unconsciousness and fainting
Shock, Unconsciousness and Fainting

  • Signs

    • Cold, clammy skin

    • Pale face

    • Chills

    • Confusion

    • Nausea or vomiting

How to treat shock
How to treat shock

  • Lie the person down

  • Elevate the legs

  • Cover with a blanket

  • Give fluids


  • Determine whether a person is choking

    • Ask “Are you choking?”

    • Send someone to call for help

    • Perform the Heimlich Maneuver

Heimlich maneuver
Heimlich Maneuver

  • Wrap your arms around the victim’s waist

  • Make a fist

  • Place the thumb side of the fist on the abdomen

  • Grasp the fist with the other hand

  • Press the fist into the abdomen with quick upward thrusts

  • Repeat until the victim starts to breath or cough

An unconscious choking victim
An Unconscious Choking Victim

  • Perform a finger sweep

  • Tilt the head/chin back

  • Pinch the nose shut

  • Seal your lips around victim’s

  • Give two full breaths

Artificial respiration
Artificial Respiration

  • If a person does not respond

    • Yell for help

    • Put the person on their back

    • Tilting back the head and lifting the chin.

    • Clear the mouth of obstruction

Check for breathing
Check for Breathing

  • Look

  • Listen

  • Feel

  • Give two full breaths

  • Check pulse

  • Continue rescue breathing 1 breath every 5 seconds

Head spine and neck injuries
Head, Spine, and Neck Injuries

  • Do not move the person

  • Stabilize the body

  • Prevent any movement of the head, neck and spine

Broken bones
Broken Bones

  • Place limb in natural position

  • Extend splints beyond joints

  • Use firm material for splint

  • Pad splint

  • Fasten with bandage or cloth at break and at points along the splint

Amputated limbs
Amputated limbs

  • Recover amputated limb

  • Rinse in clean water

  • Wrap in wet towel

  • Seal in plastic bag

  • Cool severed part with ice

Protecting the Pinky

  • Wrap digit in saline-soaked gauze...

  • …transport on ice

Heat exhaustion
Heat Exhaustion

  • Results from increased heart rate

  • Occurs with poor ventilation or

  • Loss of body fluids and salts


  • Fatigue

  • Dizziness

  • Clammy with normal skin temperatures


  • Move victim to a cool spot

  • Give cool (not cold) water

  • Rest

Heat stroke
Heat Stroke

  • Result of body’s sweat glands shutting down

  • Symptoms

    • Mental confusion

    • Collapse

    • Unconsciousness

    • Fever

    • Mottled skin


  • Time is of the essence!

  • Move victim to cool place

  • Pour cool water over victim

  • Fan victim until help arrives


  • Put on gloves

  • Use finger or hand pressure

  • Use a belt or bandage to hold in place

  • If bones are not broken, elevate bleeding body part

Eye injuries
Eye Injuries

  • Foreign object

    • Do not rub the eye

    • Pull upper eyelid over lower eyelid

    • Flush with water

    • If unable to remove, cover both eyes with gauze and seek medical attention

Eye injury
Eye Injury

  • Chemical Injury

    • Flush eye with water for 15 minutes

    • Seek medical attention

Penetrating eye injuries
Penetrating Eye Injuries

  • Don’t remove object

  • Don’t wash eye

  • Cover both eyes with gauze

  • Keep victim on back

  • Seek medical attention

  • Transport on stretcher

Eyelid injuries
Eyelid injuries

  • Check eye for lacerations

  • If bleeding apply pressure

  • Apply cold

  • Seek medical attention

Blunt eye injuries
Blunt Eye Injuries

  • Apply cold

  • Dress with sterile bandage

  • Transport on stretcher

  • Seek medical attention


  • If poison is a solid (e.g. pills)

    • Cover finger in clean cloth

    • Perform finger sweep and remove solid

  • If poison is a gas

    • Protect yourself with respirator

    • Assist victim to fresh air


  • If poison is a corrosive

    • Remove clothing from affected area

    • Flush with water for 30 minutes