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Food Safety Regulatory Enforcement and Inspections – an overview of key features and issues. Donald Macrae, Florentin Blanc Amman, 3 June 2014. Overview: the Food Safety System. World Bank Group Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency. THE WORLD BANK. What is “Food Safety”?.
Donald Macrae, Florentin Blanc
Amman, 3 June 2014
THE WORLD BANKWhat is “Food Safety”?
THE WORLD BANKThe “Food Safety system”
THE WORLD BANK
THE WORLD BANKFood Safety regulation and inspections – what can be achieved?
THE WORLD BANKKey principles for effective and efficient food safety regulation
THE WORLD BANKInstruments of modern food safety regulation
THE WORLD BANKConditions for modern food safety regulation to work effectively
THE WORLD BANKReform of Food Safety regulations – changing attitudes of regulators
THE WORLD BANKReform of Food Safety regulations – changing attitudes of businesses, and consumers
THE WORLD BANKHow to make attitudes change?
Source: Ayres and Braithwaite, Responsive Regulation, 1992
The idea of a single Food Safety Agency is very popular - but it comes in very different forms.
The UK’s FSA is a policy body with (almost) no inspectors. It has the Meat Hygiene Service which deals with slaughterhouses and cutting plants but inspections are done by Local Government inspectors.
The UK has 433 local authorities, each with its own inspection services, and they do all the food safety and non-food product safety inspections, plus some occupational safety and some environmental protection. The FSA deals with risk assessment, public advocacy, EU negotiations, regulation and political accountability.
In contrast, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency has 8,375 inspection staff, but policy for food safety remains with the Ministry of Health. It also combines the whole Veterinary service within the Agency.
The State Food and Veterinary Service of Lithuania also combines both food safety and the State Veterinary Service.
The Dutch Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority has both a large direct inspectorate and is responsible for advising the Minister on policy.
It is common to combine Food and Drugs, mainly because of the USA example of the Food and Drugs Administration. However, these two functions are not merged, even in the US model. The FDA does not cover food of animal origin, which is USDA (Agriculture) and much inspection is done at State level.
TheChinese have very recently streamlined their Food Safety administration, creating the CFDA. But risk assessment remains with Health and primary production with Agriculture. There are 320,000 inspectors but in local government.
(And food exports have their own regulator – AQSIQ)