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The Use of Assessment Instruments in School Social Work: Looking Beyond Grades, Discipline Referrals and Attendance. Developed by Faculty and Staff of: The University of Maryland School of Medicine Department of Psychiatry Center for School Mental Health.

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The Use of Assessment Instruments in School Social Work: Looking Beyond Grades, Discipline Referrals and Attendance

Developed by Faculty and Staff of:

The University of Maryland

School of Medicine

Department of Psychiatry

Center for School Mental Health



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Eligibility for Services

  • School Based

    • Enrolment

    • Discharge

  • Community Based

    • Non Public

    • Residential


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Assessment

  • DSM Disorders

    • Mood Disorders

    • Disruptive Behavior Disorders

    • Language Based Learning Disabilities

    • Cognitive Ability

  • Treatment Planning

    • Data Driven

    • Specific, Realistic, Quantifiable Goals

  • Progress

    • Pre/Post Testing

    • Treatment Planning


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Progress

  • Re-Assessment

    • Set Intervals

  • Treatment Planning

  • Interdisciplinary Communication


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Treatmentand Program Evaluation

  • Pre/Post Testing

    • Group Protocols

    • Individual Protocols

  • Aggregates of Client Progress Overtime

    • Program Sustainability

    • Investment of Team Members to Collaborate


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Response to Intervention (RTI)

  • Useful in “Three Tier” Model

    • Early Mental Health Intervention

    • Targeted Intervention Services

    • Identify Individuals “Who Require Intensive Support”

  • Supports the Ecological and Systemic Models

    • Biopsychosocial Needs Assessment

    • Identifies Protective and Risk Factors in Client’s Environment

    • Evaluates “student progress specific to behavioral, emotional, and mental health concerns and the effect on academic progress.

  • Team Collaboration

    • Data Driven Guide to Decision Making

    • Aides in Team Understanding of Identification and Chosen Interventions


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Challenges

  • Cost

  • Time

  • Missing Data

  • Integrity of Instruments

  • Culture Competency

  • Confidentiality


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Challenges Continued

  • Unethical Usage or “Pigeon Holing”

  • Difference in Educational and Psychological Coding

  • Abandoning Traditional Qualitative Interviewing Assessment

  • Knowledge and Comfort


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How to Select an Instrument

  • Purpose

    • Functionality

    • Symptomology

    • Risk

    • Climate

    • Program Evaluation


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Credentials

  • Licensed Clinical Psychologist

  • Master’s Degree in Mental Health/Health Field

    Under Supervision if Unlicensed

  • No Educational Prerequisites


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Certification

  • Site Licensure

  • Train the Trainer

  • One Time Training With Periodic Boosters

  • One time Training

  • None


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Cost

  • Introduction Packet ($99 - $500)

  • Individual Packets of 25 ($25 - $125)

  • Individual Scoring Sheets of 25 ($25 - $125)

  • Clinician Instruction Manual With Reprintable Forms ($25 - $130)

  • Public Domain Free Assessments Including Tool and Scoring Instructions


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Instrument Integrity

  • Reliability

    • Speaks to the stability of the test and/or administrator

      • Test Retest - Same data each time

      • Interrater – Two administrators will score similarly

      • Internal Consistency – Divided into parts, there is still a likeness in responses

    • (.70) and Above Optimal


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Integrity Continued

  • Validity

    • Does the Instrument Measure What it Claim

      • Face - Looks as though is measures the construct

      • Criterion - Correlates well with present or future results

      • Construct - When compared to other instruments deemed valid it correlates as expected

        • Convergent - Strong correlation with instrument measuring the same construct

        • Discriminant - Less Strong correlation with an instrument measuring a different construct

    • (.60) an Above Optimal


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Integrity Continued

  • Norms

    • The Numbers of Participants and Population Tested

  • Standardized

    • Giving the Same Instrument, the Same Way, in the Same Conditions


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Resources

  • Buros Institute

    • http://buros.unl.edu/buros/jsp/search.jsp

    • Test in Print (TIP)

    • Mental Measurements Year Book (MMY)

  • Center or School Mental Health (CSMH)

    • www.Schoolmentalhealth.org

    • www.csmh.org

      • Locate Instruments and Information For a Fee ($15)


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Overview of Instruments

  • Functionality

  • Risk

  • Symptomology

  • Climate

  • Program Evaluation


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Functionality

  • Child and Adolescent Functionality Assessment Scale (CAFAS)

    • Emotional, Behavioral, Psychological, Psychiatric, Substance Abuse

      • Home, Community, School, Relationships, Justice System

    • Separate Caregiver Scale

    • Ages 6 -17 (PECFAS for younger clients)

    • Reliability .73+, Validity reported as acceptable

    • Train the Trainer Model and Boosters (Fee)

    • Materials (Fee)

    • 15 Minutes

    • Kay Hodges, Author


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Functionality Continued

  • Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths Assessment (CANS)

    • Six Areas of Functioning

      • Problem Presentation

      • Risk

      • Functioning

      • Care Intensity

      • Caregiver Capacity

      • Strengths

    • Certification Training and Booster (Fee)

    • Materials (Unknown)

    • 35 Minutes

    • John S. Lyons, Ph.D.


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Risk

  • Global Clinical Impairment Scales (CGI)

    • Administered at Set Intervals

    • Response

      • Client

      • Clinician

      • Parent

      • Teacher


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Symptomology

  • Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC)

    • Client Response

    • 20 Items

    • Range From 0 - 60

    • Ages 6 -17

    • Cut off score of 15

    • Public Domain (Free)

  • Spence Children Anxiety Scale (SCAS)

    • Client response

    • 45 Items

    • Ages 7 – 18

    • Public Domain (Free)


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Symptomology Continued

  • NIHQ Vanderbilt Assessment Scales

    • ADHD and Oppositional Symptoms

    • 55 items

    • Ages 6 - 12

    • Response

      • Parent

      • Teacher


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Climate

  • School as a Caring Community Profile – II (SCCP-II)

    • 42 Items

    • Response

      • Students

      • Adults



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Questions and Comments

  • Your contact info here….


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