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The Swedish labour market: PowerPoint Presentation
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The Swedish labour market:

The Swedish labour market:

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The Swedish labour market:

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  1. The Swedish Public Employment Service and Regional Labour Market MonitoringJosef LannemyrVictor Tanaka14 september 2010

  2. The Swedish labour market: Brief historical background

  3. From poor agrarian country to rich indusrialized nation • Between 1850 and 1970 Sweden had the highest economic growth rate in the world (next to Japan) • 1850 -1950: • Rationalizations of agricultural methods • Public school reform 1842 • Rapid population growth • City enlargements • The economic post – war boom

  4. The Swedish Model: • A large privately owned industrial sector • A large public sector financed by taxes • A large trade union movement • The state playing an active role in labour market policies • Ambitions to achieve an even distribution of income and wealth • ”The middle way”

  5. 1950s to 60s – The golden age • 1960-65 yearly GDP-growth average of 5.3 percent and producitivity growth average of 5.6 percent • Restructuring model with active labour market policy (Rehn-Meidner) • Low unemployment, around 2 percent

  6. Structrual change in the labour market • Problems became obvious during oil crisis 1973-74 • Cost crisis – decreased competitiveness • (shipyard, textile, steel) • Internationally dependent => dramatic shifts

  7. 1990s A bursting financial bubble • The swedish financial crisis • 80s deregulation of the financial market – especially loan restrictions • Rapid increase in lending focusing on the real estate sector • Public finances under strain • Mass unemployment (in a swedish perspective) • OECD – average since 1993

  8. Unemployment rate, Sweden and Hungary 1991-2009 (OECD, harmonised unemployment rates, ILO defintion)

  9. 90s and 2000s • EU membership 1995 • Dot-com buble 2000 – mild downturn • Death of the Swedish model? • Large public sector • High income taxes • Small business sector (than EU and OECD average)

  10. Present situation • Sweden has an unemployment rate that is below EU-27. • During the last couple of years Sweden has had an unemployment rate at about 6 percent. • However, during 2009 the unemployment rate rose to over 8 percent, largely because of the international economic recession • New Government

  11. Statistical snapshots

  12. Unemployment in EU EU. July 2010, Harmonized unemployment rate ; Total Source: EU LFS data

  13. Youth unemployment in EU EU. July 2010, Harmonized unemployment rate - age class 15-24; Total Source: EU LFS data

  14. The Swedish Public Employment Service Mission

  15. The Swedish Public Employment Service Mission: • Improve the functioning of the labour market (no distortion of competition)

  16. The Swedish Public Employment Service Mission: • Improve the functioning of the labour market (no distortion of competition) • Give priority to weak groups

  17. The Swedish Public Employment Service Mission: • Improve the functioning of the labour market (no distortion of competition) • Give priority to weak groups • Equal service across the country

  18. The Swedish Public Employment Service Mission: • Improve the functioning of the labour market (no distortion of competition) • Give priority to weak groups • Equal service across the country • Promote geographic and professional mobility

  19. The Swedish Public Employment Service Mission (continued): • Promote diversity/plurality and work against discrimination

  20. The Swedish Public Employment Service In numbers

  21. The Swedish Public Employment Service In numbers: • Government budget for Labour market of almost 10 000 million USD

  22. The Swedish Public Employment Service In numbers: • Government budget for Labour market of almost 10 000 million USD, of which about • 8,5 % on management and administration costs;

  23. The Swedish Public Employment Service In numbers: • Government budget for Labour market of almost 10 000 million USD, of which about • 8,5 % on management and administration costs; • 53,5 % on benefits;

  24. High benefits and compensation rates

  25. The Swedish Public Employment Service In numbers: • Government budget for Labour market of almost 10 000 million USD, of which about • 8,5 % on management and administration costs; • 53,5 % on benefits; • 10,5 % on job market programs; and

  26. The Swedish Public Employment Service In numbers: • Government budget for Labour market of almost 10 000 million USD, of which about • 8,5 % on management and administration costs; • 53,5 % on benefits; • 10,5 % on job market programs; and • 23,1 % on employment subsidies.

  27. Public expenditure on labour market policy

  28. The Swedish Public Employment Service In numbers (continued): • More than 12 000 employees

  29. The Swedish Public Employment Service In numbers (continued): • More than 12 000 employees • 30 % of all vacancies

  30. The Swedish Public Employment Service In numbers (continued): • More than 12 000 employees • 30 % of all vacancies • 177 000 in job market programs (3,6 %)

  31. The Swedish Public Employment Service In numbers (continued): • More than 12 000 employees • 30 % of all vacancies • 177 000 in job market programs (3,6 %) • 224 000 unemployed (4,6 %)

  32. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system

  33. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Purpose

  34. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Purpose: • From the beginning to satisfy regional needs (employers)

  35. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Purpose: • From the beginning to satisfy regional needs (employers) • Add value to the whole organisation

  36. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Purpose: • From the beginning to satisfy regional needs (employers) • Add value to the whole organisation • ”Targeted” groups: unemployed, other job seekers, parliament, universities, etc.

  37. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Purpose (continued): • Provide job market information

  38. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Purpose (continued): • Provide job market information in order to • improve matching (employment offices)

  39. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Purpose (continued): • Provide job market information in order to • improve matching (employment offices) • craft labour market policies

  40. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Purpose (continued): • Provide job market information in order to • improve matching (employment offices) • craft labour market policies • plan labour market programs

  41. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Purpose (continued): • Provide job market information in order to • improve matching (employment offices) • craft labour market policies • plan labour market programs • plan budget

  42. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Purpose (continued): • Provide job market information in order to • improve matching (employment offices) • craft labour market policies • plan labour market programs • plan budget • make individual choices (job seekers)

  43. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Method: • Questionnaries

  44. The Swedish Public Employment service: The forecasting system Method: • Questionnaries • Private sector: representative sample (Statistics Sweden; stratified according to counties, industry, and workplace-size)