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Motorcycle and moped crashes in Sweden
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  1. Motorcycle and moped crashes in Sweden Swedish Transport Administration

  2. Motorcycle and moped crashes in Sweden – general trends Swedish Transport Administration

  3. Number of killed motorcycle and moped riders on the Swedish roads during the last 12 months, since 1997 Swedish Transport Administration

  4. *Source: police-reported crashes Number of severely injured* motorcycle and moped riders on the Swedish roads during the last 12 months, since 1997 Swedish Transport Administration

  5. Number of killed vulnerable road users in Sweden Pedestrian Bicycle Motorcycle Moped Swedish Transport Administration

  6. *Source: police-reported crashes Number of severely injured* vulnerable road users in Sweden Pedestrian Bicycle Motorcycle Moped Swedish Transport Administration

  7. *Source: police-reported crashes Number of killed and severely injured* between 0 and 17 years old in Sweden Bus Bicycle Pedestrian Moped Motorcycle Passenger car The number of severely injured moped riders under 18 has been increasing during the last years. Mopeds are the mean of transportation causing most severe injuries among road users under 18. Swedish Transport Administration

  8. Share of severely injured in Sweden in 2009, according to hospital-reported crashes Pedestrian Bicycle Moped Motorcycle Passenger car HGV/Bus/Other Swedish Transport Administration

  9. *Source: Swedish Insurance Federation Paid insurance losses and number of injured motorcycle and moped riders in Sweden, according to insurance data 1000 SEK Injured persons Paid insurance losses for motorcycles Paid insurance losses for mopeds Injured moped riders Injured motorcycle riders Swedish Transport Administration

  10. Motorcycle crashes in Sweden – general trends Swedish Transport Administration

  11. Number of motorcycles on the Swedish roads The number of motorcycles on the roads has doubled during the last 10 years. Swedish Transport Administration

  12. *Source: police-reported crashes Number of killed and severely injured* in Sweden per 1000 injury crashes involving motorcycles and passenger cars Motorcycles Passenger cars The risk of being killed or severely injured when a crash occurs has been decreasing for passenger cars but not for motorcycles. Swedish Transport Administration

  13. Number of killed motorcyclists in Sweden 475 motorcyclists were killed during the period 2000-2009. Swedish Transport Administration

  14. *Source: police-reported crashes Number of severely injured* motorcyclists in Sweden 3588 motorcyclists were severely injured during the period 2000-2009. Swedish Transport Administration

  15. *Source: police-reported crashes Number of killed and severely injured* motorcyclists in Sweden, versus number of motorcycles on the road Swedish Transport Administration

  16. Driver age428 killed motorcyklists in Sweden during 2000-2008 <18 1 out of 4 killed motorcyclists was under 25 years old. Swedish Transport Administration

  17. *Source: police-reported crashes Risk of being killed or severely injured* per 100 000 motorcycles versus age of motorcycle owners in Sweden Risk KSI per 100 000 motorcycles Median age of motorcycle owners The age of motorycles owners has doubled during the last 20 years. The reduction of crash risk may be partly explained by this trend. Swedish Transport Administration

  18. *Source: hospital-reported crashes Severe injuries* in motorcycle crashes in Sweden Risk for severe injuries (AIS 3+) per body region in motorcycle crashes with injuries 2003-2010 Swedish Transport Administration

  19. *Source: police-reported crashes Share of crash types in fatal and severe motorcycle* crashes in Sweden during 2005-2008 Severely injured Killed Single-vehicle Head-on Intersection Rear-end Other Wildlife 4 out of 10 killed motorcyclists were involved in single-vehicle crashes. Swedish Transport Administration

  20. * Source: STA in-depth studies Car Bike Bike Car Culpability in fatal motorcycle crashes at intersections in Sweden during 2000-2008 (110 crashes*) 35 % 37 % Bike Car 24 % In almost 50% of the fatal motorcycle crashes at intersection, the motorcyclist drove more than 30 km/h over the speed limit. 75% of those motorcyclists drove a Sport bike. Swedish Transport Administration

  21. * Source: STA in-depth studies Car Bike Car Bike Bike Bike Car Culpability in head-on fatal motorcycle crashes in Sweden during 2000-2008 (86 crashes*) 24 % 59 % 4 % 13 % Car In more than 80% of the fatal head-on crashes the motorcyclist drove off his/her lane. Swedish Transport Administration

  22. * Source: STA in-depth studies Car Bike Car Bike Car Car Culpability in head-on fatal motorcycle crashes involving overtaking in Sweden during 2000-2008 (16 crashes*) 69 % 31 % In almost 70% of cases the motorcyclist initiated the overtaking maneuver. More than half of these motorcyclist drove a Sport bike. Swedish Transport Administration

  23. Motorcycle crashes in Sweden – the vehicles Swedish Transport Administration

  24. * Source: STA in-depth studies Motorcycle categories and models involved in fatal crashes in Sweden during 2004-2007* Swedish Transport Administration

  25. * Source: STA in-depth studies Motorcycle categories and models involved in fatal crashes in Sweden during 2004-2007* Swedish Transport Administration

  26. * Source: STA in-depth studies Share of motorcycle categories involved in fatal crashes in Sweden during 2005-2009 (225 killed*) Sport touring Sport Touring Standard /Naked Custom Scooter Unreg. Cross/ reg enduro Super moto On/off Approximately 35% of the motorcycles involved in fatal crashes were Sport bikes, which amount for less than 10% of the number of motorcycles on the Swedish roads. Swedish Transport Administration

  27. Motorcycle crashes in Sweden – the infrastructure Swedish Transport Administration

  28. *Source: police-reported crashes Road authority in fatal and severe motorcycle* crashes in Sweden during 2005-2008 Killed Severely injured National Municipality Private 7 out of 10 fatal motorcycle crashes occurred on the national road network. Swedish Transport Administration

  29. *Source: police-reported crashes Share of speed limit in fatal (n=259) and severe* (n=1875) motorcycle crashes in Sweden during 2005-2008 Killed Severely injured unknown Most motorcyclists were killed on roads with a 70 km/h speed limit. Swedish Transport Administration

  30. * Source: STA in-depth studies Fixed collision objects in fatal single-vehicle crashes with motorcycles in Sweden during 2005-2008 (74 crashes*) Fence Wall Overturned Road surface Unknown Parked car Tree Wildlife fence Traffic island Stone Other barriers Stump Curbstone Slope Road barrier Ditch Pole 1 out of 4 killed motorcyclists in single-vehicle crashes collided with a road barrier. Swedish Transport Administration

  31. * Source: STA in-depth studies Number of persons killed in crashes with any type of road barrier in Sweden* Motorcycle Passenger car The number of motorcyclists killed in a collision with a road barrier is approximately the same as for passenger car occupants. Swedish Transport Administration

  32. * Source: STA in-depth studies Road surface deficiencies in fatal motorcycle crashes in Sweden during 2004-2007 (200 crashes*) Other 1% Unknown 9% Loose gravel 2% Rut 1% No major deficiencies 87% In at least 4 % of fatal motorcycle crashes the road surface was found to have critical deficiencies. Swedish Transport Administration

  33. Motorcycle crashes in Sweden – the riders Swedish Transport Administration

  34. * Source: STA in-depth studies 200 180 160 140 120 man 100 kvinna 80 60 40 20 0 förare passagerare Driver gender versus position in fatal motorcycle crashes in Sweden during 2004-2007 (217 crashes*) Man Woman Passenger Driver Almost all killed motorcyclists were male drivers. Swedish Transport Administration

  35. * Source: STA in-depth studies Motorcycle driving license in fatal motorcycle crashes in Sweden during 2004-2007 (200 killed*) Until 1975 the motorcycle driving license was included in the passenger car driving license and could be obtained without taking any particular motorcycle test. Unknown 9 % No motorcycle driving license 23 % Taken after 1975 50 % Got before 1975 19 % Half of the killed motorcyclists had taken the motorcycle driving license after 1975. 1 out of 4 did not have any motorcycle driver license at all. Swedish Transport Administration

  36. * Source: STA in-depth studies 60% 50% 40% anel dödade 30% andel trafikarbete 20% 10% 0% Got before 1975 Taken after 1975 Motorcycle driving license versus vehicle mileage in Sweden during 2004-2007 (200 killed*) Killed motorcyclists Vehicle mileage Motorcyclists who got their motorcycle driving license before 1975 are under-represented in fatal crashes, compared to their share of vehicle mileage Swedish Transport Administration

  37. * Source: STA in-depth studies Motorcycle formal owner in fatal motorcycle crashes in Sweden during 2004-2007 (186 motorcycles*) Unknown, 9 % Stolen, 4 % Hired, 1 % Borrowed, unknown reason, 9 % Borrowed spontaneously , 4 % Driver = formal owner, 64 % Borrowed within the family, 9 % 1 out of 3 killed motorcyclists did not own the motorcycle involved in the crash. Swedish Transport Administration

  38. * Source: STA in-depth studies Estimated driving speed in fatal motorcycle crashes in Sweden during 2005-2008 (182 crashes*) Only 1 out of 3 killed motorcyclists was estimated to have driven within the speed limit. Swedish Transport Administration

  39. * Source: STA in-depth studies 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Standard Touring Sport Sport touring Custom Offroad Share of motorcycle categories in fatal crashes involving more than 30 km/h over-speeding in Sweden during 2004-2007 (63 crashes*) 6 out of 10 killed motorcyclists who drove more than 30 km/h over the speed limit had a Sport bike. Swedish Transport Administration

  40. * Source: STA in-depth studies Share of riders under the influence of alcohol or drugs in fatal motorcycle crashes in Sweden during 2005-2008 (182 crashes*) 1 out of 4 killed motorcyclists in Sweden was under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Swedish Transport Administration

  41. * Source: STA in-depth studies Share of helmet use in fatal motorcycle crashes in Sweden during 2005-2008 (182 crashes*) 1 out of 5 killed motorcyclists either had no helmet or lost it during the collision. Swedish Transport Administration

  42. * Source: STA in-depth studies Correlation between helmet use, drunk driving, over-speeding and motorcycle driving license in fatal motorcycle crashes in Sweden during 2005-2008 (182 crashes*) 1% 1% 4% 2% No motorcycle driving license total 26% 2% No helmet total 8% 5% 9% • 6 out of 10 killed motorcyclists were either under the influence of alcohol, or did not have a motorcycle driving license or drove more than 30 km/h over the speed limit. • All killed motorcyclist without any helmet were either under the influence of alcohol or did not have a motorcycle driving license, or both. • 1 out of 4 killed motorcyclists had over-speeding as the only risk factor. 7% 2% 1% Drunk driving total 24% 24% More than 30 km/h over-speeding total 36% Swedish Transport Administration

  43. Number of killed motorcyclists in Sweden during 2000-2008, per month (428 killed) jan feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec More than half were killed during the summer period, June to August. Swedish Transport Administration

  44. Number of killed motorcyclists in Sweden during 2000-2008, per day of the week (428 killed) Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday 4 out of 10 motorcyclists were killed during the weekends. Swedish Transport Administration

  45. Light conditions in fatal motorcycle crashes in Sweden during 2000-2008 (428 killed) Unknown 2% Dusk / dawn 8% Darkness 14% Daylight 76% The majority of fatal motorcycle crashes occurred in daylight. Swedish Transport Administration

  46. Moped crashes in Sweden – general trends Swedish Transport Administration

  47. * Source: McRF Number of mopeds sold in Sweden* Class 1 mopeds Class 2 mopeds Swedish Transport Administration

  48. * Source: Swedish Transport Agency and Statistics Sweden (SCB) Class 1 mopeds in Sweden, number on the roads versus temporarily deregistered* On the road in June Temporarily deregistered in June Swedish Transport Administration

  49. * Source: Statistics Sweden (SCB) Class 1 mopeds in Sweden, number on the roads versus temporarily deregistered in June and December* Temporarily deregistered in June Temporarily deregistered in December On the road in December On the road in June Swedish Transport Administration

  50. Number of killed moped riders in Sweden Class 1 mopeds Class 2 mopeds On average, every year 12 moped riders are killed in Sweden. During the last years most riders were killed on class 1 mopeds. Swedish Transport Administration