The Swedish Model “Vision Zero” Authors Matts-Åke Belin Roger Johansson Anders Lie (presenting) Claes Tingvall The Swedish Road Administration Content Vision Zero, five dimensions Alcohol in traffic, problems and actions Development Sweden Killed in Sweden 1935 - 2004 1 400 5 000 000
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Anders Lie (presenting)
The Swedish Road Administration
Killed in Sweden 1935 - 2004
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On October 9, 1997 the Road Traffic Safety Bill founded on "Vision Zero" was passed by a large majority in the Swedish Parliament. This represents an entirely new way of thinking with respect to road traffic safety.
The long term goal is that no-one shall be killed or seriously injured within the Swedish road transport system.
Swedish Road Administration
VISION ZERO : A SAFE TRAFFIC CONCEPT
vision for many stakeholder
driving forces for change
System designers are responsible for the design, operation and the use of the road transport system and are thereby responsible for the level of safety within the entire system.
Road users are responsible for following the rules for using the road transport system set by the system designers.
If the users fail to comply with these rules due to a lack of knowledge, acceptance or ability, the system designers are required to take the necessary further steps to counteract people being killed or injured.
transport companies and everyone who professionally uses roads and streets
occupational health and safety authorities
”Any well functioning man-machine system brings the failing human into the loop”.
”Blaming the victim approach is a catastrophe to prevention”.
The Commission is currently conducting a review into the European Road Safety Action Programme and will, at the beginning of 2006, draw up an assessment of measures which have been taken at the European and Member State levels. Without pre-empting the conclusions of this assessment, it seems clear that the main causes of accidents remain speeding, the non-wearing of seat belts and helmets and alcohol/ drugs/ fatigue:
Many road crashes are related to alcohol. The proportion is growing with crash severity
In Europe it is estimated that 25% of the severe crashes are related to alcohol.
Even very small amounts of alcohol can affect your driving ability. Sweden has a very strict law that entitles the Police to give a Breathalyzer test, even if there is no reason to suspect that you are driving under the influence of alcohol. If your blood level alcohol content is 0.2 promille or the content of alcohol in your exhaled breath is 0.10mg/l or more, this will result in a stiff fine, a prison sentence or both. You will also lose your driving license. Alcohol also remains in your system the day after you drink it. When attending a party in a Swedish home, it is customary for the hostess to ask who's driving; and non-alcoholic beverages are always provided. Do Not Drink and Drive.
American Women's Club in Sweden
Swedish Road AdministrationDrunk driver sorted by age, Fatal crashes Sweden 2002
Swedish Road AdministrationBlood Alcohol Levels and Police Report. Fatal crashes Sweden 2002
Many road crashes are related to fatigue. The proportion is growing with crash severity
In Europe it is estimated that 20% of the severe crashes are related to fatigue.
Swedish Road AdministrationSocial development
(5,7 million drivers with licence)
(more than 99,5 % without alcohol)
Swedish Road AdministrationAlcohol starter interlocks
The Commission on alcolocks (N 2004:16) has an assignment from the Government to investigate the possibilities to introduce demands for alkolocks or other devices to prevent drunk driving in all new cars registered in Sweden by the year 2012 at the latest.
We want an earlier introduction of an alkolock obligation for buses and lorries by 2010. The Commission will also look into the steps to be taken to increase the acceptance and use of alcolocks.
Price and handling must suite high volume introduction
Can systems be developed that can handle all kinds of impaired driving? (Alcohol, fatigue, illegal drugs etc.)
What should the car do when impaired/dangerous driving is detected?
Legal obstacles, responsibility etc.
A Review of the Literature on the Effects of Low Doses of Alcohol on Driving-Related Skills, H. Moskowitz, D. Fiorentino, U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, USA