Wetlands JD and S B
Climate • In a wetland biome the conditions are always very moist and humid. What you will find with characteristics can be very specific to a given location. That is because the wetland biome is so frequently going to overlap with or be a part of other biomes out there. The only places on Earth where you won’t find the wetlands biome are around the Arctic. The tundra there is too cold and frozen for them to develop. Wetland biomes can be made up of freshwater or saltwater. In some regions they are actually a combination of both. The type of water that is found in it will strongly affect the types of life that are able to survive there. The climate must be warmer for a wetland to survive. The altitude of the area can’t be too high, because it will cause the area to be too cold.
Climate • Wetlands are formed when water meets land, and it creates a very diverse habitat. The climate of these wetlands vary drastically since they’re present on every continent except Antarctica. Temperatures vary from -58 to 122 degrees Fahrenheit
Altitude • The altitude of wetlands also vary since they’re on 6 different continents. There are high and low altitude wetlands, both are endangered
Animals • INSECTSDragonfly Damselfly Mayfly Stonefly Dobsonfly CaddisflyCraneflyWater Bugs Beetles FISHBluegill Bass Catfish SculpinMinnow
Animals Birds Great Blue Heron Canada Goose • REPTILESSnakes Turtles AlligatorsAMPHIBIANSFrogs Toads
Plants wild rice bulrush yellow lotus pondweeds spatter dock duckweed common waterweed milfoil coontail • common cattail; other cattails arrowhead pickerelweed willow purple loosestrife skunk cabbage marsh marigold
Plant Characterisitcs • EMERGENTSPlants that grow out of water are called emergents. A common emergent is the broadleaf arrowhead named for the arrowhead shape of its leaf. FLOATING PLANTSSome aquatic plants have adapted to the water so that their leaves float on top of the water. These plants, like the floating pondweeds, spatter dock, and duckweed tend to occur in ponds and in places along streams and rivers where there is little or no current. SUBMERGENTSA third group of plants are so well adapted to water that they live completely under the surface of the water. Some plants like the water milfoil have roots that anchor them to the bottom of the pond. Others like the coontail are submerged but not rooted.
Multiple Choice Questions • Where are Wetlands found? a.)Antarctica b.)Ocean floors c.)Mediterranean Sea d.)Where water meets land • What best characterizes the ecosystem of wetlands? a.)Diverse life b.)Little variation in plant and animal differentiation c.)Lacks life
Vocab saturate infuse or fill completely biodiversity the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole) conservation the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources bog wet spongy ground of decomposing vegetation; has poorer drainage than a swamp; soil is unfit for cultivation but can be cut and dried and used for fuel (form of wetland)
Source • http://bioexpedition.com/wetland-biome/