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Culture of the Middle Ages. Ms. L Strong Preston High School. What were the Middle Ages?. 500-1500 A.D .- Began after the fall of Rome. No central power or government during the time. Named the “Middle Ages” because it was the middle time in between the Roman Empire and Renaissance.

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culture of the middle ages

Culture of the Middle Ages

Ms. L Strong

Preston High School

what were the middle ages
What were the Middle Ages?
  • 500-1500 A.D.- Began after the fall of Rome
  • No central power or government during the time
  • Named the “Middle Ages” because it was the middle time in between the Roman Empire and Renaissance
  • Life was difficult because of poverty, and most of the population was impoverished
  • The closest thing to a form of government was manorialism, or rule over peasants by a lord (FEUDALISM!)
faith in the middle ages the catholic church
Faith in the Middle Ages-The Catholic Church
  • Imposed taxes and had its own land and laws
  • Accepted gifts and donations: that was how people got into Heaven
  • Excommunicated (banned from the church) non-believers
  • Started to translate the Bible – This led to want for education and knowledge
  • This thirst for intelligence also influenced literature
  • The pope was infallible (incapable of error) and had power over all religious and political matters
  • The priests drank, gambled, and kept mistresses
background on islamic religion
Background on Islamic Religion
  • Practiced in mainly Spain, Middle East, and North Africa
  • There was little contact between Christians and Muslims
  • Islam was founded by Muhammad in the 7th century
  • It is a monotheistic religion based off the teachings of the Quran and the 5 Pillars of Islam
islam during the middle ages
Islam During the Middle Ages
  • Almost all of the people of Spain were Muslim, but the rest of Europe was Christian
  • Both Christians and Muslims viewed the other badly, and they did not often encounter each other
  • Despite the cultural divide, Muslims added to the knowledge in science and technology
  • Islamic scribes translated Roman and Greek texts, contributing to the want for knowledge
background on knights
Background on Knights
  • Duty: to learn how to fight and serve their Lord
  • Expected to guard the castle and support his lord in Middle Age warfare
  • Must train as a page, then a squire before becoming a knight
  • Trained for many years
  • They practiced their skills in tournaments of jousting
  • At the end of Knighthood ceremony, they would take the title of SIR
chivalry
Chivalry
  • Chivalry was the knightly system of the Middle Ages
  • The chivalric orders were first used against non-Christian states
  • It was a moral system that introduced ideal qualities such as bravery, courtesy, honor, and gallantry toward women
  • Ideas of chivalry were written in poems, BALLADS/MADRIGALS, writings, and literary works
  • Myths such as Camelot and the Knights of the Round Table show the medieval code of chivalry
chivalry the knight s code
Chivalry-The Knight’s Code
  • Chivalry was used for knights in combat and in overall life
  • When knights were sworn in, they had to agree to the code
  • The Knights’ Code of Chivalry emphasized things like faith, justice, temperance, truth, hope, valor
  • The Knights’ Code was also related to defending God, showing the lack of separation between church and state
literature
Literature
  • Literature flourished during the middle ages!
  • There was a lack of paper, so calf’s skin and parchment were typical
  • The books and illustrations were done by hand by monks
  • Romance novels and epic battles were written and described along with fiction and poetry
  • The spread of literature was also influenced by troubadours
troubadours
Troubadours
  • A troubadour was a traveling musician
  • They spread news and entertained nobles
  • The stories they sung were about chivalry and romance, or battles and recent news
  • Troubadours assisted in the spread of literature, except instead of written stories they were spoken, then later on written down
jongleurs
Jongleurs
  • Jongleurs were assistants to the troubadours
  • They juggled, danced, and did acrobatics along with the singing and instrument playing
  • They also performed acts of stupidity which eventually led to jesters
  • The man on the left is the jongleur because he is acting oddly with additional flutes in his mouth